Learning Chinese

Manhwas

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The most common Chinese characters in order of frequency
http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html
• All characters are presented in falling statistical order with the most commonly used characters first (ie from 1 to 3000).
• Alternative forms of characters are specified within parentheses – in which case "F" marks full (or traditional) forms, "S" marks simplified
(or modern) forms and "A" marks alternative forms (mostly special numerals).
• Pronunciation is specified according to Pinyin and written within brackets "[...]". After each given pronunciation, a number of possible
translations are listed. If a character corresponds closely to a somewhat longer word (usually a word that contains the character in
question), the longer word is given in the list of translations marked with parentheses and a "=".
• After the translation of each character, example words containing the character are often listed – these words are separated by semi
commas. No guarantee is given that all the most common words are listed or that the given examples are very common.
• Some of the listed pronunciations are less used than others, and in those cases translations and examples may lack.
• Grammatical particles, classifiers and other special translations are marked with hooks "<...>".
• Curly brackets "{...}" are mostly used when giving references to characters that are similar to the listed ones either in shape. This is to
help you avoid miswriting/misreading. The same marking is also used for references to characters with similar meaning but different
pronunciation.
• Additional information of other sorts is sometimes given.
• If the characters are not displayed correctly, verify that the encoding is set to GB2312.
Les 3000 caractères chinois les plus fréquents (S: Simplified (Simplifié), F: Full (Traditionnel), A: Alternative (Variante))
Caractère
Prononciation et explications
1

[de] <grammatical particle marking genitive as well as simple and composed adjectives>; 我的 wǒde my; 高的 gāode high, tall; 是的 shìde that's it, that's right; 是...的 shì...de one who...; 他是说汉语的. Tā shì shuō Hànyǔde. He is one who speaks Chinese. [dì] 目的 mùdì goal
[dí] true, real; 的确 díquè certainly
[yī] one, a little; 第一 dì-yī first, primary; 看一看 kànyīkàn have a (quick) look at
[yí] (used before tones #4 and #5); 一个人 yíge rén one person; 一定 yídìng certain; 一样 yíyàng same; 一月 yíyuè January [yì] (used before tones #1, #2 and #3); 一点儿 yìdiǎnr a little; 一些 yìxiē some
{Compare with 幺(T 么) yāo, which also means "one"}
2
一(A 壹)

[shì] to be, 是不是? shìbushì? is (it) or is (it) not?; 是否 shìfǒu whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not?
[bù] not
[bú] (used before tone #4); 不是 bú shì isn't
4


3
汉语语法 14.07.2019 http://www.mementoslangues.fr/ 1/125 汉字

[le] <verb particle marking a new situation or a completed action>; 你来了! Nǐ láile! You have come! 我累了! Wǒ lèile! I've gotten tired! 那好了! Nà hǎole! That's OK (now)! 我只请了一位客人. Wǒ zhǐ qǐngle yí wèi kèren. I invited only one guest.
[liǎo] end, finish, settle, dispose of, know clearly, to be able, (=了解 liǎojiě) understand, comprehend; 了了 liǎoliaǒ clearly understand, settle (a debt/etc.), to be intelligent; 了了 liǎole to be over/ended/finnish/settled; 你卖不了! Nǐ mài bùliǎo! You will not be able to sell (it)!
[liào] (=瞭 liaò) to survey/watch {Compare with 子 zǐ child}
5

[rén] person; 人类 rénlèi humankind; 有人吗? yǒu rén ma? Is there anybody here? {Compare with 入 rù enter}
6

[wǒ] I, me, my; 我们 wǒmen we, us {Compare with 找 zhǎo seek}
7


[zài] at; 现在 xiànzài now; 存在 cúnzài exist
[yǒu] have, there is; 没有 méiyǒu haven't, there isn't; 有没有? Yǒuméiyǒu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)?; 有的 yǒude some
[yòu] (=又 yòu) again, both... and...
9

[tā] he, him, his, (she, her, it, its), (=其他 qítā) other [tuō] (in classical texts) someone else, something else
10

11
这(F 這)
[zhè] this; 这儿 zhèr here [zhèi] this (before classifier)
12

[zhōng] middle, in; 中国 Zhōngguó China [zhòng] hit (a target)
[dà] big; 多大? duōdà? how large?; 大小 dàxiǎo size; 大家 dàjiā everybody [dài] 大夫 dàifu doctor
{Compare with 太 tài very and 木 mù tree}
13

[lái] come; 原来 yuánlái originally, as a matter of fact; 来年 láinián coming/next year(s) [lai] (when used as a verb complement); 起来 qǐlai get up
14
来(F 來)
[shàng] above, on, over, top, (go) up, last, previous [shǎng] 上声 shǎngshēng 3rd tone in Mandarin [shang] (when used as a verb complement) {Compare with 下 xià under}
15

国(F 國)
[guó] (=国家 guójiā) country, state, nation, <family name>; 中国 Zhōngguó China; 美国 Měiguó USA
8
16
汉语语法 2/125 汉字

[gè] <general and non-specific classifier>; 个人 gèrén personal; 个人主页 gèrénzhùyè personal homepage [gě] 自个 zìgě oneself
17
个(F 個,箇)

[dào] to, towards, until, arrive, reach
[shuō] explain, scold, refer to, (=说话 shuōhuà) speak, say; 游说 yóushuō persuade [shuì] try to persuade; 游说 yóushuì lobbying
19
说(F 說)
们(F 們)
[men] (pluralizing suffix for pronouns and human nouns); 我们 wǒmen we; 人们 rénmen people
[wèi] for, for the sake of, in order to, in this connection
[wéi] do, act, act as, be, become; 认为 rènwéi think or believe that...; 以为 yǐwéi think or believe erroneously that... {Compare with 办 bàn do}
21
为(F 為)
[zǐ] child, son; 子女 zǐnǚ sons and daughters; 儿子 érzi son [zi] (noun suffix); 桌子 zhuōzi table
{Compare with 了 le <particle>}
22

[hé] together, with, (F 龢) harmony, gentle, mild, kind, <family name>; 和平 hépíng peace [Hé] Japan
[huo] 暖和 nuǎnhuo nice and warm
[hè] join in singing, compose a poem in reply
[huó] mix with water
[huò] mix, blend
[hú] complete a set in Mahjong
23


[nǐ] (Alternative feminine form: 妳 nǐ) you, your; 你们 nǐmen you (plural)
[dì] earth, ground, soil, place, position, distance; 地支 dìzhī the Twelve Terrestrial Branches [de] <adverbial particle: descripion + 地 + verb>, ~ly; 快地走 kuàide zǒu walk quickly
25

[chū] go out, come out, in direction out from something, emit, issue, prouce; 出现 chūxiàn appear, emerge, (F 齣) <classifier for operas and plays>
26

27

[dào] way, path, channel, way, say, a streak (of light), doctrine, <classifier for rivers, topics, etc.>, (=道教 Dàojiào) Taoism; 知道 zhīdao know
[dǎo] (=导 dǎo) lead; 领道 = 领导 lǐngdǎo leader

[yě] also, as well; 也许 yěxǔ perhaps
时(F 時)
[shí] period, season, (=时间 shíjiān, =时候 shíhou) time, (=小时 xiǎoshí) hour

[nián] year, <family name>; 今年 jīnnián this year; 明年 míngnián next year; 去年 qùnián last year; 中年 zhōngnián middle age
18 20
24
28 29 30
汉语语法 3/125 汉字

[de] <adverbial particle: verb + 得 + descripion>; 走得快 zǒude kuài walk quickly [dé] get, reach, achieve
[děi] should
31

[jiù] just, simply, right away; 就要 jiùyào about to (do something); 这就是我! Zhè jiùshì wǒ! This is simply me!; 他就要去. Tā jiùyào qù. He is about to leave.
32

[nà] that
[nèi] that (before classifier)
[nuó] 禅那 chánnuó deep meditation [nuò] 无那 wúnuò helpless, unfortunately [nǎ] (=哪 nǎ) what?
[něi] (=哪 něi before classifier) which?
33

[yào] want, will, shall, need, important, essential; 主要 zhǔyào main, fundamental [yāo] 要求 yāoqiú demand
34

[xià] below, under, (go) down, next (as opposed to previous/last) {Compare with 上 shàng above}
35

36

[yǐ] use, take, according to, because of, in order to; 可以 kěyǐ OK, may; 所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore, as a result; 以外 yǐwài beyond, except

[shēng] give birth, life; 先生 xiānsheng mister, gentleman, Sir
[huì] can, able, meet, meeting, society, union, party [kuài] 会计 kuàijì accounting
[huǐ] 会儿 huìr moment
38
会(F 會)
[zì] from, since, (=自己 zìjǐ) self; 自然 zìrán nature {Compare with 目 mù eye and 白 bái white}
39

[zhe] <verb particle marking a continuing progress/state> [zháo] touch
[zhuó] wear clothes, dress, touch
[zhāo] put in, add, (F 招) make move in chess, trick, decieve
40
着(F 著)

[qù] go, leave, depart (opposite of 来 lái)

[zhī] <subordinator similar to 的 de>, it (in classical texts)
[guò] pass, cross, go by, exceed, <verb particle marking that someone has had the experience of doing something, that it has happened at least once>; 过马路 guò mǎlù cross the street; 我去过中国两次. wǒ qùguo Zhōngguó liǎng cì. I have gone to China twice.
43
过(F 過)
37
41 42
汉语语法 4/125 汉字

[jiā] home, house, family; 国家 guójiā nation; 大家 dàjiā everybody
[jie] 整天家 zhěngtiānjie all day long; 家里 jiālǐ (at) home, (in the) family
44

[xué] study, learn; 学校 xuéxiào school; 学生 xuésheng student {Compare with 字 zì written character}
45
学(F 學)
对(F 對)
[duì] correct, answer, treat, agree, mutual, pair; 对不起 duìbuqǐ excuse me
[kě] ~able, (=可以 kěyǐ) may, can, (=可是 kěshì) but, however; 可爱 kě'ài loveable, cute; 可能 kě'néng possible, probable, maybe; 可口可乐 kěkǒukělè Coca Cola
[kè] 可汗 kèhán khan
47


[tā] she, her

[lǐ] neighbourhood, half kilometer, <family name>, (F 裏,裡) in, inside, lining; 哪里? nǎli? where?; 那里 nàli there; 这里 zhèli here

[hòu] queen, (F 後) after, behind, <family name>; 后天 hòutiān the day after tomorrow

[xiǎo] small; 大小 dàxiǎo size
52

[me/mo] (F 麼,末) (interrogative suffix) 什么? shénme? what?; 为什么? wèishénme? why? 没什么! méi shénme! It doesn't matter!, Never mind!; 怎么? zěnme? how?
[yāo] (S 幺) youngest, one (e.g. in bus/house/phone numbers)

[xīn] heart; 小心 xiǎoxīn be careful; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality; 中心 zhōngxīn center

[duō] many, much, more; 多大 duōdà how large?; 多少 duōshǎo how many/much?
[tiān] sky, heaven, god, day, (=天空 tiānkōng) sky; 天气 tiānqì weather
{天干 tiāngān the Ten Heavenly Stems: 甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸 jiǎ-yǐ-bǐng-dīng-wù-jǐ-gēng-xīn-rén-guǐ (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers}
{Compare with 夫 fū man and 无 wú without}
55


[ér] (=而且 érqiě) and, furthermore, (=然而 rán'ér) yet, even so

[néng] can, be able; 能够 nénggòu be capable of; 可能 kě'néng maybe
[hǎo] good, good to..., easy to...; 你好! Nǐhǎo! Hello! [hào] to like
[hāo] 好好儿 hǎohāor in perfectly good condition
58

[dōu] all
[dū] (=首都 shǒudū) capital city
59

46
48 49 50 51
53 54
56 57
汉语语法 5/125 汉字

60

[rán] right, correct, so, like that; 虽然 suīrán although; 忽然 hūrán suddenly; 当然 dāngrán of course; 自然 zìrán nature
[méi] (=没有 méiyǒu) haven't, there isn't; 有没有? Yǒuméiyǒu? Is there or isn't there? Have (you) or haven't (you)? [mò] sink, overflow, disappear, confiscate
61
没(F 沒)
[rì] sun, (=日子 rìzi) day; 日记 rìjì diary; 日光 rìguāng sunlight {Compare with 曰 yuē say, 目 mù eye and 甘 gān sweet}
62

[yú] <family name>, (F 於) in, at, for, to, from, by, than {Compare with 千 qiān thousand and 干 gān stem}
63

64

[qǐ] rise, start; 起来 qǐlai get up; 对不起 duìbuqǐ excuse me [qi] (when used as a verb complement)
[hái] still, yet
[huán] return, give back
还(F 還)
[fā] (F 發) deliver, utter, express, shoot, emit, develop, expand [fà] (F 髮) hair
[fa] (F 髮) 头发 tóufa hair
66

[chéng] (=成为 chéngwéi, =变成 biànchéng) become, <family name>; 成功 chénggōng succeed; 完成 wánchéng accomplish, complete, fulfill; 成语 chéngyǔ idiom
67


[shì] matter, affair, thing, event, accident, job, responsibility; 事情 shìqing situation
[zhǐ] only, just, merely, <classifier implying "one of a pair", animals, vessels, utensils, etc.>; 一只猫 yì zhǐ māo a cat [zhī] (F 隻) single, one, only
{Compare with 兄 xiōng brother}
69
只(F 祇)
[zuò] do, make; 工作 gōngzuò work; 作业 zuòyè homework [zuó] 作践 zuójian spoil, waste, humiliate, insult
[zuō] do
70

71
[dāng] (F 當) serve as, (F 噹) ding-dong
[dàng] (F 當) proper, right, equal, (=当作 dàngzuò) treat as, regard as


[xiǎng] think, feel, consider, want, remember
[kàn] see, look at, read, think, consider [kān] look after, tend; 看守 kānshǒu guard
73


[wén] language, literature, <family name>; 文化 wénhuà culture; 中文 Zhōngwén Chinese (written) language
65
68
72 74
汉语语法 6/125 汉字

[wú] without, nothingness, have not
[mó] 南无 nánmó <Sanskrit> to give oneself totally to {Compare with 天 tiān heaven}
75
无(F 無)
[kāi] open; 开始 kāishǐ begin 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold [kai] (when used as a verb complement)
{Compare with 并 bìng combine}
76
开(F 開)
[shǒu] hand, a person skilled in something; 挥手 huīshǒu wave; 拍手 pāishǒu clap; 握手 wòshǒu shake/clasp hands {Compare with 毛 máo hair}
77

十(A 拾)
[shí] ten; 十三 shísān thirteen; 五十 wǔshí fifty; 十月 shíyuè October
[yòng] use; 好用 hǎoyòng useful; 不用 búyòng there's no need; 使用 shǐyòng use, apply {Compare with 甩 shuǎi swing}
79

[zhǔ] lord, master, host, god, (=主要 zhǔyào) main, primary; 主义 zhǔyì doctrine, ~ism; 主页 zhùyè homepage {Compare with 王 wáng king}
80

[xíng] go, OK; 行动 xíngdòng action, operation, move, get about, act [háng] line; 银行 yínháng bank; 行业 hángyè profession
[hàng] 树行子 shùhàngzi rows of trees
[héng] (phonetic radical)
81

[fāng] side, square; 地方 dìfang place; 方面 fāngmiàn aspect {Compare with 万 wàn ten thousand}
82


[yòu] again, both... and...

[rú] like, as, as if, (=如果 rúguǒ) if; 如此 rúcǐ like this

[qián] in front, previous, ago, former, first; 前天 the day before yesterday

[suǒ] place; 所以 suǒyǐ so, therefore; 所有 suǒyǒu all; 厕所 cèsuǒ toilet
[běn] basis, origin, edition, <classifier for books, periodicals, files, etc.>; 本人 běnrén I, me, myself; 日本 Rìběn Japan {Compare with 木 mù tree}
87

[jiàn] appear to be, meet with, call on, (=看见 kànjian) see; 意见 yìjian idea, view, opinion; 听见 tīngjiàn hear [xiàn] show, appear, become visible
{Compare with 贝 bèi shellfish}
88
见(F 見)
78
83 84 85 86
汉语语法 7/125 汉字

90
[jīng] longitude (both geographic and in Chinese medecin), scripture, constant, regular, <family name>, deal with, (=经纪 jīngjì) manage (a business); 已经 yǐjing already; 经过 jīngguò pass, go through; 经验 jīngyàn experience; 经由 jīngyóu via, by way of; 经常 jīngcháng frequent, daily; 易经 Yìjīng Book of Changes;
89
经(F 經)
[tóu] head, top, first, <classifier for livestock, garlic, etc.>; 头发 tóufa hair [tou] 石头 shítou stone
头(F 頭)

[miàn] face, surface, <classifier for mirrors, flags, etc.>, (F 麵) wheat flour, (=面条 miàntiáo) noodle; 面包 miànbāo bread
[gōng] public, official; 公里 gōnglǐ kilometer; 办公室 bànggōngshì office; 公司 gōngsī company; 公共 gōnggòng public, communal, common; 公共汽车 gōnggòngqìchē (public) bus; 李公 Lǐgōng (honorable and old) Mr Li
92

[tóng] same, with; 同志 tóngzhì comrade [tòng] (F 衕) 胡同 hútòng lane
93

三(A 叁)
[sān] three; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 三月 sānyuè March
[yǐ] stop, cease, end, (=已经 yǐjīng) already
{Compare with 己 jǐ self, which is "open" on the left side}
95


[lǎo] old, venerable, outdated; 老师 lǎoshī teacher; 老虎 lǎohǔ tiger; 老张 lǎo Zhāng old Zhang = dear (friend) Mr Zhang
[cóng] from, through, join, follower, secondary [cōng] 黑从从 hēicōngcōng murky
97
从(F 從)
动(F 動)
[dòng] move, change, arouce; 动物 dòngwù animal; 活动 huódòng activity; 运动 yùndòng sports
两(F 兩)
[liǎng] two (before classifier), 50 grams
[cháng] long, lasting, length
[zhǎng] grow up, chief, head, older, elder
长(F 長)
[zhī] realize, sense, inform, tell, (=知道 zhīdào) know; 知识 zhīshi knowledge [zhì] (=智 zhì) wit, (=智慧 zhìhuì) wisdom, (=智力 zhìlì) intellect
101


[mín] (=人民 rénmín) people, <family name>; 民主 mǐnzhǔ democracy
样(F 樣)
[yàng] appearance, shape, form, manner; 这样 zhèyàng like this; 怎么样 zěnmeyàng how? in what way?
现(F 現)
[xiàn] show, appear, current; 现在 xiànzài now; 发现 fāxiàn discover; 现代 xiàndài modern
[fēn] divide, fraction, minute, cent; 百分之五 bǎifēnzhīwǔ = 5/100 = 5% [fèn] limits of rights or duty
105

106
将(F 將)
[jiāng] shall; 将来 jiānglái future
[jiàng] general, a piece in Chinese chess 麻将 májiàng mahjongg
91
94 96
98 99
100
102 103 104
汉语语法 8/125 汉字

107
[wài] outside, outer, other, foreign, beyond, relative on ones mother's/sisters/wife's side; 外孙 wàisūn daugthers son; 外国人 wàiguórén foreigner; 意外 yìwài unexpected
{Compare with 处 chù place}


[dàn] (=但是 dànshì) but, still, nevertheless, however, yet

[shēn] life, incarnation, <classifier for suits of clothing>, (=身体 shēntǐ) body; 亲身 qīnshēn in person, personally

[xiē] some, <classifier for plural or indefinite/small amount>; 一些 yìxiē a number of, some; 这些人 zhèxiē rén these people
[yǔ] give, offer, help, support, and
[yù] 参与 cānyù participate in
[yú] 欤 <interrogative/esclamative particle> {Compare with 写 xiě write}
111
与(F 與)
[gāo] high, tall, loud, <polite> your, <family name>; 提高 tígāo improve; 高兴 gāoxìng happy; 高见 gāojiàn <polite> your opinion/idea
112


[yì] (=意思 yìsi, =意义 yìyì) meaning, idea, (=愿意 yuànyi) wish, desire; 意图 yìtú intention; 意见 yìjian opinion; 意大利 Yìdàlì Italy
进(F 進)
[jìn] enter, go forward, receive, drink, eat, submit; 进步 jìnbù progress
[bǎ] grasp, hold, handle, <classifier for things with handles, handfuls, chairs, etc.> [bà] 把子 bàzi, 把儿 bàr handle
115


[fǎ] (=法律 fǎlǜ) law, (=办法 bànfǎ) method; 法国 Fǎguó France

[cǐ] this; 如此 rúcǐ (=这样 zhèyàng) like this; 此地 cǐdì (=这里 zhèlǐ) here, at this place
实(F 實)
[shí] solid, true, real; 事实 shìshí fact; 实际上 shíjìshang actually; 实在 shízài really
119

[huí] circle, return, reply, turns, times, chapter, Muslim, Hui (ethnic minority), <classifier for chapters, times, etc.>; 回来 huílái come back; 回去 huíqù go back; 回答 huídá answer
二(A 贰)
[èr] two; 二月 èryuè February

[lǐ] principle; 理论 lǐlùn theory; 管理 guǎnlǐ manage; 心理 xīnlǐ psychology, mentality
[měi] (=美丽 meilì) beautiful, (=好 hǎo) good, (=美德 měidé) virtue, <family name>; 美国 Měiguó USA; 美元 měiyuán US$ 美家 měijiā artist
122

123
点(F 點)
[diǎn] a drop (of liquid), dot, decimal point, a little, a bit, appoint time, select, choose, order food/drink, <classifier for small amounts>, (=点火 diǎnhuǒ) light a fire; 一点儿 yìdiǎnr a little; 点头 diǎntóu nod one's head

[yuè] month, (=月亮 yuèliang, =月球 yuèqiú) moon
108 109 110
113 114
116 117 118
120 121
124
汉语语法 9/125 汉字

125 127
129 130

[míng] bright, clear, distinct, next (day or year), <family name>; 明白 míngbai clear, understand; 明天 míngtiān tomorrow
[qí] its, that, such, they, them; 其他 qítā other; 尤其 yóuqí especially [jī] anniversary
126

[zhǒng] kind, sort, breed, race [zhòng] to plant, cultivate
种(F 種)
128
声(F 聲)
[shēng] voice, declaration, (=声音 shēngyīn) sound, <classifier for sounds>; 声名 shēngmíng reputation, fame, statement, declaration

[quán] whole, entire, total, complete, <family name>; 完全 wánquán completely; 安全 ānquán safety

[gōng] (=工作 gōngzuò) work, job; 工人 gōngrén worker
131

[jǐ] (=自己 zìjǐ) self
{Compare with 已 yǐ already, which is "closed" on the left side}
[huà] speech, word, language, dialect, (=说话 shuōhuà) talk, speak [huo] 白话 báihuo = báihuà vernacular, empty talk
132
话(F 話)
[ér] child; 儿子 érzi son; 女儿 nǚ'ér daughter
[r] (noun suffix); 这儿 zhèr here; 那儿 nàr there
[rén] (when referring to the radical)
{Compare with 兄 xiōng brother, 几 jǐ table, 臾 yú moment}
133
儿(F 兒)

[zhě] one who...; 作者 zuòzhě author; 和平主义者 hépíngzhǔyìzhě pacifist
[xiàng] take somebody's part, to, towards, all along, allways, <family name>, (F 嚮) direction, towards, (F 曏) formerly, previously; 向者 xiàngzhě formerly, once upon a time
135


[qíng] sensibility, (=感情 gǎnqíng) feeling, emotion; 爱情 àiqíng love
[bù] (=部分 bùfen) part, section, unit, <classifier for film, large books, machines, etc.>, (=部队 bùduì) troops, army; 西部 xībù western part; 全部 quánbù entire
137

138
[zhèng] right, straight, upright, correct
[zhēng] 正月 zhēngyuè, 新正 xīnzhēng the 1st month of lunar year


[míng] (=名字 míngzi) name, personal name; 著名 zhùmíng famous; 名词 míngcí noun

[dìng] fix, settle, calm, stable, subscribe, (=决定 juédìng) decide; 一定 yídìng definite

[nǚ] female, (=女人 nǚrén, =妇女 fùnǚ) woman
问(F 問)
[wèn] ask, examine; 问题 wèntí question, problem; 访问 fǎngwèn visit
134 136
139 140 141
142
汉语语法 10/125 汉字

143 144
146
148 150
152

[lì] (=活力 nénglì) energy, vitality, <family name>, (=力量 lìliang) strength, force
机(F 機)
[jī] (=机器 jīqi) machine; 收音机 shōuyīnjī radio; 飞机 fēijī aircraft
[gěi] give, give to, for, for the benefit of; 送给 sònggěi send/present to [jǐ] give, supply, provide, (=供给 gōngjǐ) provide
145
给(F 給)

[děng] equal, class, wait, and so on, etc.
147

[jī] small table, (F 幾) 几乎 jīhū almost
[jǐ] (F 幾) how many?, a few, (used in numerals) {Compare with 儿 ér child}

[hěn] very, quite; 很好 hěnhǎo very good; 很不错! hěn búcuò! not bad at all!
149
业(F 業)
[yè] line of business, trade, occupation, profession, course of study, engage in, <family name>; 商业 shāngyè commerce; 工业 gōngyè industry; 作业 zuòyè homework

[zuì] most, marking for superlative; 最近 zuìjìn recently/soon; 最喜欢 zuì xǐhuan favorite
[jiān] room, between, locality, within given time or space, <classifier for rooms> [jiàn] gap, interval
[gān] 半间不界 bàn'gānbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre
151
间(F 間)

[xīn] new, renew; 重新 chóngxīn again; 新闻 xīnwén news
[shén] 什么 shénme what? [shí] (=十 shí) ten
153
什(F 甚)
154

[dǎ] strike, hit, get, play, (generalized verb with specific meaning determined by its object); 打算 dǎsuan plan, intend; 打开 dǎkāi open, unfold; 打击 dǎjī strike, hitt, attack, assault
[dá] dozen
155
便
[biàn] (=方便 fāngbiàn) convenient
[pián] 便宜 piányi cheap
{Compare with 使 shǐ send and 更 gèng more}

[wèi] place, location, position, <polite classifier for people>

[yīn] cause, (=因为 yīnwèi) because, (=原因 yuányīn) reason
[zhòng] weight, considerable in amount/value, (=沉重 chénzhòng) heavy, weighty, (=重要 zhòngyào) important [chóng] again
158

156 157
汉语语法 11/125 汉字

[bèi] quilt, cover (with), by (indicates passive voice)
[pī] 被服 pīfú = bèifú bedding and clothing, something one hangs on to
159


[zǒu] go, walk, leave
电(F 電)
[diàn] (=闪电 shǎndiàn) (flash of) lightning, (=电气 diànqì) electricity; 电话 diànhuà phone; 电脑 diànnǎo computer
四(A 肆)
[sì] four; 四周 sìzhōu all around; 四月 sìyuè April

[dì] indicating ordinal number, ~th; 第三世界 dì-sān shìjiè 3rd World; 第一次 dì-yī cì 1st time
[mén] door, gate, family, house, valve, switch, <family name>, <classifier for courses, braches of science, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 部门 bùmén department; 门铃 ménlíng doorbell
164
门(F 門)

[xiāng] each other, mutual, mode, phase, <family name> [xiàng] look at, appearance, photo

[cì] occurence, time, second, inferior, number of times; 两次 liǎng cì twice
[dōng] master, owner, <family name> (=东方 dōngfāng) east; 东北 dōngběi northeast; 东西 dōngxi thing, creature {Compare with 车 chē vehicle}
167
东(F 東)

[zhèng] (=政治 zhèngzhì) politics, political affairs, (=政府 zhèngfǔ) government

[hǎi] sea, big lake, <family name>, (=海洋 hǎiyáng, =大海 dàhǎi) sea, ocean
[kǒu] mouth, opening, entrance, hole, cut, <classifier for mouthfuls, people, wells, etc.>; 门口 ménkǒu doorway; 人口 rénkǒu population
170

[shǐ] make, cause to (do), send (as envoy), (=使用 shǐyòng) use, apply {Compare with 吏 lì and 便 biàn official}
171
使
[jiāo] teach; 王老师教数学. Wáng lǎoshī jiāo shùxué. Teacher Wang teaches math. [jiào] cause, ask to, teach; 教师 jiàoshī teacher, instructor; 教育 jiàoyù education
172

西
[xī] west, western; 东西 dōngxi thing; 西北 xīběi northwest

[zài] again, once more; 再见 zàijiàn goodbye
[píng] flat, level, even; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 和平 hépíng peace; 平常 píngcháng ordinary, common, usually {Compare with 半 bàn half}
175


[zhēn] true, genuine, really
{There are two ways of writing this character!}
听(F 聽)
[tīng] listen; 听见 tīngjiàn hear; 听不懂 tīngbudǒng don't understand (by listening)
160
161
162
163
165 166
168 169
173 174
176 177
汉语语法 12/125 汉字

178
179
180
181
183

[shì] generation, <family name>, (=世界 shìjiè) world; 世纪 shìjì century
气(F 氣)
[qì] air, gas, vapor, spirit, vital energy; 天气 tiānqi weather

[xìn] letter, message, information, (=相信 xiāngxìn) belive in; 信封 xìnfēng envelope

[běi] north; 东北 dōngběi northeast; 北京 Běijīng
[shǎo] few, little, less, lack
[shào] young; 少年 shàonián juvenile
182

关(F 關)
[guān] shut, close, turn off, close down, concern, key part; 关系 guānxi connection; 关于 guānyú concerning
[bìng] (F 併) combine, merge, (F 並) and, equally, truly [bīng] 并州 Bìng Zhōu (Taiyuan in Shanxi)
{Compare with 开 kāi open}
184

185
内(F 內)
[nèi] inside; 内容 nèiróng content
{Compare with 肉 ròu meat and 丙 bǐng third}

[jiā] add, plus, append, (=增加 zēngjiā) increase; 参加 cānjiā join
[huà] convert, melt, dissolve, digest, incinerate, (=变化 biànhuà) change, transform [huā] (=花 huā) spend
187

[yóu] from, let, (=由于 yóuyú) due to, (=理由 lǐyóu) cause, reason; 自由 zìyóu freedom {Compare with 甲 jiǎ helmet and 申 shēn explain}
188

却(F 卻)
[què] however, but, yet
[dài] (=代表 dàibiǎo) represent, (=时代 shídài) generation, period, epoch, <classifier for periods>; 现代 xiàndài modern (times); 上代 shàngdài previous generation
190

军(F 軍)
[jūn] army, military, troops
产(F 產)
[chǎn] give birth to, (=产生 chǎnshēng) produce, (=产品 chǎnpǐn) product
[rù] (=进入 jìnrù) enter, get into; 收入 shōurù income {Compare with 人 rén person}
193

[xiān] first, before, earlier; 先生 xiānsheng mister, gentleman, Sir; 祖先 zǔxiān = 先辈 xiānbèi ancestor {Compare with 失 shī lose}
194


[shān] hill, mountain, <family name>; 火山 huǒshān volcano; 山脉 shānmài mountain range
186
189
191 192
195
汉语语法 13/125 汉字

196
203
五(A 伍)
[wǔ] five; 五月 wǔyuè May
[tài] great, very, too; 太太 tàitai Madame; 太阳 tàiyáng sun, sunshine {Compare with 大 dà big}
197

[shuǐ] water, liquid, <family name>; 水平 shuǐpíng level; 水果 shuǐguǒ fruit; 药水 yàoshuǐ liquid medecine {Compare with 永 yǒng forever}
198

[wàn] ten thousand, myriad, <family name>; 万岁 wànsuì long live [Mò] 万俟 Mòqí <family name>
{Compare with 方 fāng square}
199
万(F 萬)

[shì] (=市场 shìchǎng) market, (=城市 chéngshì) city, town

[yǎn] (=眼睛 yǎnjing) eye; 眼镜 yǎnjìng glasses
202
体(F 體)
[tǐ] substance, (=身体 shēntǐ) body; 具体 jùtǐ concrete, specific; 体字 tǐzì style of written Chinese, typface, font [tī] 体己 tīji (or tǐjǐ) intimate, confidential
[bié] separate, other, don't, leave, differentiate, <family name> [biè] 别扭 bièniu awkward
别(F 別,彆)
[chù] place, part, point, department, office [chǔ] deal with, get along with somebody {Compare with 外 wài outside}
204
处(F 處)
总(F 總)
[zǒng] general, overall, always, (=总数 zǒngshù) sum, total; 总统 zǒngtǒng president (of a republic)
才(F 纔)
[cái] talent, only then; 刚才 gāngcái just now
[chǎng] field, place where people gather, stage, level open ground, country fair, market, <classifier for games, performances etc.>
[cháng] <classifier for happenings>
207
场(F 場)
师(F 師)
[shī] (=老师 lǎoshī) teacher; 师傅 shīfu master
书(F 書)
[shū] book, style of calligraphy; 书记 shūji clerk; 图书馆 túshūguǎn library

[bǐ] compare, contrast; 比较 bǐjiào relatively; 比如 bǐrú efor example

[zhù] live (in a place)
员(F 員)
[yuán] member. ~ist, ~er; 委员会 wěiyuánhuì committee; 人员 rényuán personnel
九(A 玖)
[jiǔ] nine; 九月 jiǔyuè September
200 201
205 206
208
209
210
211
212
213
汉语语法 14/125 汉字

214 215

[xiào] laugh

[xìng] sex, gender, nature, disposission, ~ness; 可能性 kěnéngxìng possibility
[tōng] communicate, notify, connect, join, know very well, authority, expert, (=通过 tōngguò) go through, <classifier for telegrams>, <family name>; 交通 jiāotōng traffic; 普通话 Pǔtōnghù Common Speach = Mandarin
[tòng] <classifier for actions>
216

217

[mù] eye; 目前 mùqián in front of ones eyes, at present; 目的 mùdì goal, purpose, aim; 目录 mùlù catalogue, list, list of contents {Compare with 自 zì self and 日 rì sun}
[huá] glory, splendor, magnificent, (=中华 Zhōnghuá) China [Huà] <family name>; 华山 Huà Shān (mountain in Shaanxi)
218
华(F 華)
报(F 報)
[bào] (=报告 bàogào) report, (=报纸 bàozhǐ) newspaper, (=电报 diànbào) telegram

[lì] stand, erect, vertical; 建立 jiànlì establish; 立刻 lìkè right away; 立方体 lìfāngtǐ cube
[mǎ] horse; 马上 mǎshàng right away 马马虎虎 mǎmahūhū careless, casual {Compare with 乌 wū crow}
221
马(F 馬)

[mìng] (=生命 shēngmìng) life, fate, destiny; 命令 mìnglìng command; 革命 gémìng revolution
张(F 張)
[zhāng] spread, sheet of paper, <classifier for surfaces, tables, postcards, etc.>; 紧张 jǐnzhāng tense, nervous

[huó] live, alive, living, vivid, save someone's life; 生活 shēnghuó life; 活动 huódòng activity
[nán] difficult [nàn] disaster
难(F 難)

[shén] spirit, god; 精神 jīngshén spirit, mind, consciousness, essence
227
数(F 數)
[shù] number, number, figure, fate, plan; 数学 shùxué math [shǔ] count, enumerate, list
[shuò] frequently, repeatedly

[jiàn] item, correspondence, document, <classifier for articles and items>; 条件 tiáojiàn term, condition

[ān] still, quiet; 安全 ānquán safe, secure; 安排 ānpái arrange, plan, fix up

[biǎo] show, list, table, form, meter, (F 錶) (wrist-)watch

[yuán] originally, simple, <family name>; 原来 yuánlái original, formerly, as a matter of fact; 原因 yuányīn cause, reason
219 220
222 223 224
225 226
228
229
230
231
汉语语法 15/125 汉字

[chē] car, vehicle with wheels, <family name> [jū] (a piece in Chinese chess)
{Compare with 东 dōng east}
232
车(F 車)
[bái] white; 明白 míngbai understand, realize, clear, obvious; 白天 báitiān daytime; 白菜 báicài cabbage [bó]李白Lǐ Bó = Lǐ Bái
{Compare with 自 zì self and 百 bǎi hundred}
233

[yīng] promise, answer, respond, <family name>, (=应该 yīnggāi) should, ought to [yìng] 应用 yìngyòng apply
234
应(F 應)

[lù] path, way, journey, distance, means, sequence, logic, sort, grade, class, <family name>, (=道路 dàolù) road
236

[qī] phase, stage, <classifier for issues of periodicals>, (=时期 shíqī) time period; 班期 bānqī schedule, time table; 星期 xīngqī week; 长期 chángqī long term
[jī] anniversary

[jiào] cry out, call; 叫做 jiàozuò be called, be known as

[sǐ] die, death

[cháng] often, constant, ordinary, <family name>; 非常 fēicháng extremely
[tí] lift, raise, pick up, carry; 提高 tígāo improve; 提供 tígōng provide [dī] 提防 dīfang take precautions or be on guard against
240


[gǎn] (=感觉 gǎnjué) feel, (=感情 gǎnqíng) emotion

[jīn] (=金子 jīnzi) gold, (=金属 jīnshǔ) metals in general

[hé] what?, where?, how?, <family name>; 任何 rènhé any; 如何 rúhé how?; 几何 jǐhé geometry
[gèng] more, still/even more, furthermore
[gēng] replace, transform, night watch; (=更改 gēnggǎi) change, alter {Compare with 吏 lì official and 便 biàn convenient}
244

[fǎn] turn over, return, revolt, (=反对 fǎnduì) oppose, combat; 反映 fǎnyìng reflect [bǎn] 反反 bǎnbǎn proper, fitting
{Compare with 友 yǒu friend}
245

[hé] close, shut, accord with, conform to, be equal to, together, jointly, <classifier for rounds>, (=结合 jiéhé) combine; 合作 hézuò cooperate
[gě] decilitre
246

235
237 238 239
241 242 243
汉语语法 16/125 汉字

247

[fàng] put, release, set free, give out, expand, blossom, bloom, lend (money) at interest; 解放 jiěfàng liberate, emancipate
248

[zuò] do, act, make, produce, write, compose, <slang> to have sex; 叫做 jiàozuò be called, be known as; 做法 zuòfǎ method, way of doing
{Sometimes replaceable with 作 zuò do}
249

[xì] series, department, faculty, (=系统 xìtǒng) system, (F 係) (=联系 liánxì) integrate, relate to; 关系 guānxi concern, affect, matter, (F 繫) tie, fasten, feel anxious, be concerned
[jì] (F 繫) tie, bind
计(F 計)
[jì] (=计算 jìsuàn) count, calculate, plot, plan, <family name>; 统计 tǒngjì statistics
[huò] (=或者 huòzhě) or, (=或许 huòxǔ) perhaps, mayby, (=可能 kěnéng) probably {Compare with 國=国 guó country}
251


[sī] 公司 gōngsī company, corporation; 司令 sīlìng commander

[lì] (=利益 lìyì) interest, benefit, profit, <family name>; 利用 lìyòng utilize; 胜利 shènglì triumph; 意大利 Yìdàlì Italy

[shòu] receive, endure, (=接受 jiēshòu) accept; 难受 nánshòu unhappy

[guāng] light, merely; 阳光 yángguāng sunlight; 光荣 guāngróng glory
256

[wáng] king; 王国 wángguó kingdom, realm, domain [wàng] (rare) rule
{Compare with 主 zhǔ lord and 玉 yù jade}

[guǒ] fruit, surely, truly, as expected, (=结果 jiéguǒ) result, consequence, outcome; 如果 rúguǒ if
[qīn] close relative, kiss; 母亲 mùqin mother; 父亲 fùqin father; 亲自 qīnzì in person [qìng] 亲家 qìngjia relatives by marriage
258
亲(F 親)
259

[jiè] (=界限 jièxiàn) boundary, limit; 世界 shìjiè world
[gā] 不搭界 bù dāgā have no relation, have nothing to do with
[gà] 半间不界 bàn'gānbùgà neither this nor that, inexplicit, equivocal, mediocre

[jí] reach, come up to, and, in, on, to; 以及 yǐjí as well as; 及时 jíshí promptly

[jīn] now, this; 今天 jīntiān today
262

[jīng] capital city, (=北京 Běijīng) short for Beijing; 南京 Nánjīng; 东京 Dōngjīng Tokyo (or other eastern capital in previous dynasties!)
务(F 務)
[wù] affair, business; 任务 rènwu assignment, task; 服务 fúwù service, serve
250
252
253
254
255
257
260 261
263
汉语语法 17/125 汉字

264

[zhì] work out, (=制度 zhìdù) system, institution, (=控制 kòngzhì) control, dominate, (F 製) (=制造 zhìzào) manufacture
[jiě] separate, explain, untie, undo, take off, dissolve, <mathematic> solution [Xiè] <family name>
[jiè] 解送 jièsòng send under guard
265

[gè] each, every, different, separately; 各有千秋 gèyǒuqiānqiū each has his merits [gě] 自各 zìgě oneself, by oneself
266

267

[rèn] appoint, no matter, serve a position, allow, trust, official post, <classifier for terms of office>; 任务 rènwu task; 任何 rènhé any
[Rén] <family name>

[zhì] to, until, extremely, most, arrive, reach; 甚至 shènzhì even (to the point of), so much so that; 至少 zhìshǎo at least

[qīng] (=清楚 qīngchu) clear; 清洁 qīngjié clean

[wù] thing, matter; 动物 dòngwù animal; 植物 zhíwù plant; 物理 wùlǐ physics
[tái] <polite> you, (F 臺) platform, <classifier for performances, engines, computers, TV-sets, etc.>, (=台湾 Táiwān) short for Taiwan, (F 檯) desk, table, (F 颱) 台风 táifēng typhoon
[tāi] 天台 Tiāntāi (in eastern Zhejiang)
271


[xiàng] appearance, likeness, (=大象 dàxiàng) elephant
[jì] (=记得 jìde) remember, (=记录 jìlù) record
{Compare with the "open" radical 己 jǐ self and not the close 已 yǐ already}
273
记(F 記)
边(F 邊)
[biān] on the side of something, margin, limit, <family name>, (=旁边 pángbiān) side; 这边 zhèbiān over here

[gòng] share; 一共 yígòng in all; 共产 gòngchǎn communist; 公共 gōnggòng public; 共和 gònghé republic
风(F 風)
[fēng] wind
战(F 戰)
[zhàn] (=战争 zhànzhēng) war
[gān] stem; 干涉 gānshè interfere, intervene, (F 乾) dry [gàn] (F 幹) do
{天干 tiāngān the Ten Heavenly Stems: 甲乙丙丁戊己庚辛壬癸 jiǎ-yǐ-bǐng-dīng-wù-jǐ-gēng-xīn-rén-guǐ (these characters are sometimes used as ordinal numbers}
{Compare with 千 qiān thousand and 于 yú at}
278


[jiē] connect, (=接受 jiēshòu) accept; 接着 jiēzhe catch, next; 直接 zhíjiē direct
268 269 270
272
274
275
276
277
279
汉语语法 18/125 汉字

280

[tā] it, its
[xǔ] allow, somewhat, <family name>, (=也许 yěxǔ) perhaps; 许多 xǔduō a lot [hǔ] 邪许 yéhǔ yell in unison, yo-ho-ho
281
许(F 許)
八(A 捌)
[bā] eight; 八月 Bāyuè August

[tè] (=特别 tèbié) special, particular; 特点 tèdiǎn characteristic
[jué] perceive
[jiào] (=睡觉 shuìjiào) sleep; 午觉 wǔjiào siesta, afternoon nap
284
觉(F 覺)

[wàng] look, full moon; 希望 xīwàng hope, wish
[zhí] straight, directly {Compare with 真 zhēn true}
286

[fú] (=服务 fúwù) serve, (=衣服 yīfu) clothes [fù] dose
287

[máo] hair
{Compare with 手 shǒu hand}
288


[lín] (=森林 sēnlín) forest, <family name>; 桂林 Guìlín (city in Guangxi)
题(F 題)
[tí] topic, problem, inscribe; 问题 wèntí question, problem; 题目 tímù title

[jiàn] construct, establish; 建议 jiànyì suggest
[nán] south; 西南 xīnán southwest
[nā] 南无 nāmó 〈Sanskrit〉 to give oneself totally to
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[dù] degree, extent, unit (kWh, angle, temperature, etc.), <classifier for units of measurement, occasions, times, etc.>; 制度 zhìdù system, institution
[duó] 猜度 cāiduó surmise
统(F 統)
[tǒng] order, unite, (=系统 xìtǒng) system; 统治 tǒngzhì rule, dominate; 统一 tǒngyī together, unify, unite, integrate
[sè] (=颜色 yánsè) colour; 脸色 liǎnsè complexion, look, facial expression [shǎi] colour
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[zì] written character; 汉字 Hànzì Chinese character; 名字 míngzi name; 体字 tǐzì style of written Chinese, typface, font {Compare qith 学 xué study}
请(F 請)
[qǐng] please, request, invite; 请求 qǐngqiú ask, request
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汉语语法 19/125 汉字

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[jiāo] join; 交通 jiāotōng traffic; 交换 jiāohuàn exchange
爱(F 愛)
[ài] (=爱情 àiqíng) love; 爱人 àirén spouse, lover
让(F 讓)
[ràng] let, allow
认(F 認)
[rèn] (=认为 rènwéi) consider, (=认识 rènshi) recognize

[suàn] (=计算 jìsuàn) count, calculate, compute; 算了 suànle forget it, never mind
[lùn] theory
[Lún] 论语 Lúnyǔ The Confucian Analects
303
论(F 論)
[bǎi] hundred
[bò] 抄总 chāobòzǒng express/cover everything {Compare with 白 bái white}
304
百(F 佰)
[chī] eat
[qī] 吃吃 qīqī <the sound of giggling>
305

义(F 義)
[yì] justice, (=意义 yìyì) meaning; 主义 zhǔyì ~ism

[kē] department; 科学 kēxué science; 外科 wàikē surgery

[zěn] (=怎么 zěnme) how?

[yuán] first, primary, dollar

[shè] club, organized body, (=社会 shèhuì) society
[shù] skill, (=艺术 yìshù) art; 技术 jìshù technique [zhú] 术酒 zhújiǔ medicinal wine
311
术(F 術)
[jié] tie; 结果 jiéguǒ result; 结婚 jiéhūn marry [jiē] bear fruit
312
结(F 結)
313
六(A 陆,陸)
[liù] six; 六月 liùyuè June {Compare with 兴 xìng prosper}

[gōng] achievement; 成功 chénggōng succeed; 功夫 gōngfu time (duration), time (when), skill, art, work

[zhǐ] point, (=指头 zhǐtou) finger, toe; 指甲 zhǐjia finger nail
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汉语语法 20/125 汉字

[sī] (=思想 sīxiǎng) thought [si] 意思 yìsi meaning
[sāi] 于思 yúsāi richly bearded
316


[fēi] not, non-; 非常 fēicháng unusually, extraordinary, special, very, extremely

[liú] to flow, stream; 电流 diànliú electric current; 交流 jiāoliú to exchange, alternate

[měi] every, each; 每天 měitiān every day

[qīng] nature's colour blue/green/black...; 青年 qīngnián youth; 青蛙 qīngwā frog

[guǎn] tube, (=管理 guǎnlǐ) manage, supervise; 不管 bùguǎn no matter, regardless of
[fū] man, (=丈夫 zhàngfu) husband; 工夫 gōngfu time, duration, skill; 大夫 dàifu doctor [fú] (formal) this/that (person)
{Compare with 天 tiān heaven and 失 shī lose}
322

连(F 連)
[lián] connect, including; 连忙 liánmáng right away; 连续 liánxù continuous
远(F 遠)
[yuǎn] far
资(F 資)
[zī] money, expenses; 资本主义 zīběnzhǔyì capitalism; 投资 tóuzī invest
队(F 隊)
[duì] team, (=部队 bùduì) army, (=队伍 duìwǔ) troops

[gēn] heel, follow, with, and
带(F 帶)
[dài] belt, zone, carry, bring, take

[huā] flower, spend; 花生 huāshēng peanut

[kuài] fast, sharp, (=快乐 kuàilè, =愉快 yúkuài) happy
条(F 條)
[tiáo] twig, strip, item, <classifier for dogs, snakes, dragons, etc.>; 条件 tiáojiàn condition, term

[yuàn] courtyard; 学院 xuéyuàn college; 医院 yīyuàn hospital; 法院 fǎyuàn court
变(F 變)
[biàn] change; 变成 biànchéng become; 变化 biànhuà variation; 改变 gǎibiàn alter
联(F 聯)
[lián] unite, join; 联系 liánxì integrate, relate, link, get in touch with

[yán] words; 语言 yǔyán language, speech, word
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权(F 權)
[quán] right, power

[wǎng] to, toward; 往往 wǎngwǎng often

[zhǎn] expand, spread out, <family name>; 发展 fāzhǎn develop, expand, grow; 展览 zhǎnlǎn exhibit, show, display
该(F 該)
[gāi] (=应该 yīnggāi) should
领(F 領)
[lǐng] to lead, collar; 领导 lǐngdǎo, 领袖 lǐngxiù leader; 本领 běnlǐng ability
[chuán] pass, pass on; 传统 chuántǒng tradition [zhuàn] Confucian classic
341
传(F 傳)

[jìn] near; 附近 fùjìn vicinity; 最近 zuìjìn recently, lately, soon

[liú] remain, stay, (=保留 bǎoliú) keep, reserve; 留学 liúxé to study abroad; 遗留 yíliú hand down; 拘留 jūliú arrest
[hóng] (=红色 hóngsè) red; 东方红 Dōngfānghóng The East is Red [gōng] 女红 nǚgōng needlework
344
红(F 紅)

[zhì] govern, cure, punish; 政治 zhèngzhì government
决(F 決)
[jué] 解决 jiějué solve, resolve, settle; 决定 juédìng decide, resolve, make up one's mind

[zhōu] circuit, circumference, cycle, week; 周围 zhōuwéi vicinity, surroundings, entirely; 周身 zhōushēn whole vody

[bǎo] (=保护 bǎohù) protect; 保证 bǎozhèng ensure, guarantee
[dá] reach, arrive
[dā] <referring to sounds of clocks or footsteps> [tà] 挑达 tāotà walk casually to and fro
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达(F 達)
[bàn] do; 办法 bànfǎ method; 办公室 bàngōngshì office {Compare with 为 wèi for}
350
办(F 辦)
运(F 運)
[yùn] carry, transport, (运气 yùnqi) fortune, luck; 运动 yùndòng move, turn around, sports

[wǔ] military; 武器 wǔqì weapon; 武术 wǔshù martial arts
[bàn] half, semi~
{Compare with 平 píng even}
353


[hòu] (=时候 shíhou) time, wait, situation
七(A 柒)
[qī] seven; 七月 qīyuè July
汉语语法 22/125 汉字

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[bì] (=必须 bìxū) must; 不必 búbì needn't

[chéng] (=城市 chéngshì) city, wall; 长城 chángchéng Great Wall
[fù] (=父亲 fùqin) father; 父母 fùmǔ parents [fǔ] old man
358

[qiáng] strong
[qiǎng] strive
[jiàng] 倔强 juéjiàng stubborn, unbending
359
强(F 強,彊)

[bù] step; 进步 jìnbù progress, improve; 散步 sànbù take a walk

[wán] finished, complete
362

[gé] leather; 革命 gémìng revolution; 改革 gǎigé reform [jí] 病革 bìngjí about to die of illness

[shēn] deep; 深刻 shēnkè deep, profound; 深夜 shēnyè deep in the night
364
区(F 區)
[qū] (=地区 dìqū) area; 区别 qùbié difference [?u] <family name>

[jí] namely, that is, even if, (=立即 lìjí) immediately, at once

[qiú] seek, ask; 要求 yāoqiú demand, request, requirement

[pǐn] (=产品 chǎnpǐn) product; 商品 shāngpǐn merchandise, goods
[shì] scholar; 博士 bóshì Ph.D; 女士 nǚshì lady, Ms.; 战士 zhànshì soldier {Compare with 土 tǔ earth}
368

[zhuǎn] turn, transfer
[zhuàn] rotate
[zhuǎi] 转文 zhuǎiwén to flaunt one's speach
369
转(F 轉)
[liàng] amount; 量词 liàngcí classifier, measure word [liáng] to measure
370

[kōng] empty, sky
[kòng] leave empty, free time

[shèn] very; 甚至 shènzhì even, go so far as to [shén] (=什 shén) what?; 甚么 = 什么 shénme what?
372

众(F 眾)
[zhòng] crowd, many; 群众 qúnzhòng the masses; 听众 tīngzhòng audience
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汉语语法 23/125 汉字

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383 384 385
388 390

[jì] 技术 jìshù technology, technique; 科技 kējì science and technology
轻(F 輕)
[qīng] light (compare with 重 zhòng heavy)

[chéng] 过程 guòchéng process; 工程 gōngchéng engineering project; 程度 chéngdu level, degree, extent
[gào] (=告诉 gàosu) tell; 报告 bàogào report, make known [gù] 告朔 gùshuò distributing feudal calendar
377


[jiāng] river; 长江 Cháng Jiāng Yangtze River; 江山 jiāngshān landscape
379
语(F 語)
[yǔ] (=语言 yǔyán) language; 汉语 Hànyǔ Chinese; 语法 yǔfǎ grammar; 成语 chéngyǔ idiom [yù] tell

[yīng] brave, outstanding person, (=英雄 yīngxióng) hero; 英国 Yīngguó England

[jī] 基础 jīchǔ base, foundation; 基本 jīběn basic, fundamental, essential
[pài] faction, send; 党派 dǎngpài political parties [pā] 派司 pāsi passport, identification
382

满(F 滿)
[mǎn] full; 满足 mǎnzú satisfied, contented

[shì] (=形式 xíngshì) form; 方式 fāngshì way, pattern; 正式 zhèngshì formal, official

[lǐ] (=李子 lǐzi) plum, <family name>

[xī] breath, stop
[xi] 消息 xiāoxi news; 休息 xiūxi rest
386
387
写(F 寫)
[xiě] write; 描写 miáoxiě describe, depict [xiè] 写意 xiěyǐ freehand brushwork, sketch {Compare with 与 yǔ and}
[ne] <sentence final particle> [ní] woolen cloth

[shí] know; 认识 rènshi know, recognize; 识别 shíbié tell apart [zhì] (formal) remember, commit to memory, mark, sign
389
识(F 識)
极(F 極)
[jí] extreme, pole; 太极 Tài Jí the Supreme Ultimate (in Chinese cosmology); 太极拳 tǎijíquán shadowboxing
[lìng] make, cause; 命令 mìnglìng command
[lǐng] ream, <classifier for paper>
[líng] 脊令 jílíng (=鹡鸰 jílíng) wagtail (a symbol of brotherly friendship)
391

汉语语法 24/125 汉字

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黄(F 黃)
[huáng] (=黄色 huángsè) yellow

[dé] virtue; 道德 dàodé ethics; 德国 Déguó Germany

[shōu] gather, (=收到 shōudào) recieve, (=收获 shōuhuò) harvest; 收拾 shōushi put in order; 收音机 shōuyīnjī radio
脸(F 臉)
[liǎn] face
钱(F 錢)
[qián] money, copper coin
党(F 黨)
[dǎng] (political) party, clique; 共产党 Gòngchǎndǎng Communist Party; 国民党 Guómíndǎng Nationalist Party
[dǎo] fall down, topple
[dào] invert, (move) backwards, pour, contrary to expectations [dáo] follow up
398

[wèi] have not, did not; 未来 wèilái future {Compare with 末 mò end}
399


[chí] hold; 坚持 jiānchí persist in, insist on; 保持 bǎochí keep, maintain, preserve

[qǔ] take, get, fetch
设(F 設)
[shè] set up; 建设 jiànshè build, construct; 设计 shèjì design, plan; 设备 shèbèi equipment, facilities

[shǐ] (=开始 kāishǐ) begin, start; 始终 shǐzhōng all along

[bǎn] printing plate, edition; 出版 chūbǎn publish
双(F 雙)
[shuāng] pair, twin, double; 双方 shuāngfāng both sides
[lì] (F 歷) 历史 lìshǐ history; 经历 jīnglì experience, (F 曆) 日历 rìlì calendar {Compare with 厉 lì severe}
406


[yuè] 越...越... the more... the more...
[shǐ] (=历史 lìshǐ) history, <family name>; 外史 wàishǐ unofficial history {Compare with 吏 lì official and 更 gèng more}
408


[shāng] discuss, business
[qiān] thousand
{Compare with 干 gān stem and 于 yú at}
410
千(F 仟)
汉语语法 25/125 汉字

411
[piàn] slice; 照片 zhàopiàn photo; 片刻 piànkè moment; 卡片 kǎpiàn card [piān] film


[róng] contain; 容易 róngyì easy; 内容 nèiróng content

[yán] grind, (=研究 yánjiū) study, research

[xiàng] resemble, (=肖像 xiàoxiàng) portrait, image
[zhǎo] look for, seek {Compare with 我 wǒ me}
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416

[yǒu] (=朋友 péngyǒu) friend; 友好 yǒuhǎo friendship {Compare with 反 fǎn turn over}

[hái] (=孩子 háizi, =小孩儿 xiǎoháir) child; 女孩儿 nǚháir girl

[zhàn] stand; 火车站 huǒchēzhàn train station
[guǎng] wide, extensive
[yǎn] (when referring to the radical)
广(F 廣)

[gǎi] (=改变 gǎibiàn) change; 改革 gǎigé reform
议(F 議)
[yì] (=议论 yìlùn) discuss, confer; 会议 huìyì meeting, conference; 建议 jiànyì suggest, propose

[xíng] (=形式 xíngshì) form, shape; 形成 xíngchéng to form, take shape
[wěi] 委员会 wěiyuánhuì committee; 委托 wěituō entrust [wēi] 虚与委蛇 xūyǔwēiyí to pretend interest and sympathy
423


[zǎo] early; 早饭 zǎofàn breakfast; 早晨 zǎochen morning

[fáng] (=房间 fángjiān) room, (=房子 fángzi) building

[yīn] (=声音 shēngyīn) sound; 音乐 yīnyuè music

[huǒ] fire; 火车 huǒchē train; 火柴 huǒchái match; 火焰 huǒyàn flame
际(F 際)
[jì] (=边际 biānjì) boundary; 实际 shíjì reality; 国际 guójì international
则(F 則)
[zé] (conjunction); 原则 yuánzé principle; 否则 fǒuzé or else

[shǒu] head; 首先 shǒuxiān first of all; 首都 shǒudū capital (of a country)
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427
428
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汉语语法 26/125 汉字

431
[dān] alone, single, sheet
[chán] 单于 chányú <hist.> chief of the Xiongnu [Shàn] <family name>
单(F 單)
[jù] seize, depend on, (=根据 gēnjù) according to [jū] 拮据 jiéjū short of money, hard up
432
据(F 據)
导(F 導)
[dǎo] lead; 领导 lǐngdǎo leader

[yǐng] shadow, image; 电影 diànyǐng movie
435

[shī] lose; 失败 shībài be defeated {Compare with 先 xiān first}

[ná] hold; 拿来 nálái bring; 拿去 náqù take; 拿给 nágěi hand over
网(F 網)
[wǎng] net; 网球 wǎngqiú tennis; 因特网 yīntèwáng Internet

[xiāng] perfume, fragrant; 香港 Xiānggǎng Hong Kong
[sì] similar; 似乎 sìhu it seems [shì] 似的 shìde alike
439


[sī] thus (nowadays used mostly as a phonem in foreign names); 法西斯 fǎxīsī Fascist
专(F 專,耑)
[zhuān] (=专门 zhuānmén) special, (=专家 zhuānjiā) expert; 专政 zhuānzhèng dictatorship
442

[shí] (=石头 shítou) stone, rock [dàn] unit of grain
{Compare with 右 yòu right}
[ruò] seem, as if; 假若 jiǎruò if; 若干 ruògān how much? [rě] 般若 bōrě buddhist widom, prajna
443

444

[bīng] (=士兵 shìbīng) soldier; 兵力 bīnglì military strength {Compare with 宾 bīn guest}
[dì] (=弟弟 dìdi) younger brother [tì] (=悌)
445

[shuí] who? [shéi] who?
谁(F 誰)
[xiào] (=学校 xuéxiào) school
[jiào] (=校对 jiàoduì, 校正 jiàozhèng) proofread
447

433 434
436 437 438
440 441
446
汉语语法 27/125 汉字

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452
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460 461 462
464 465 466
读(F 讀)
[dú] read
[dòu] pause in reading

[zhì] (=意志 yìzhì) will, (=标志 biāozhì) mark; 同志 tóngzhì comrade, (F 誌) 杂志 zázhì magazine
飞(F 飛)
[fēi] fly; 飞机 fēijī airplane
[guān] view, contemplation
[guàn] 道观 Dàoguàn Daoist temple
451
观(F 觀)
争(F 爭)
[zhēng] contend, dispute; 战争 zhànzhēng war, warfare; 斗争 dòuzhēng fight, struggle

[jiū] 研究 yánjiū study, research; 究竟 jiūjìng after all

[bāo] bag, wrap
组(F 組)
[zǔ] organize, group; 组织 zǔzhī organization, organize, form

[zào] (=制造 zhìzào) manufacture, (=创造 chuàngzào) create
[luò] fall
[là] be missing
[lào] 落色 làoshǎi fade (in colour)
[luō] 空落落 kōngluōluō absolutely nothing left, open/spacious and desolate
457

视(F 視)
[shì] look; 电视 diànshì television
459
济(F 濟)
[jì] 经济 jīngjì economy; 救济 jiùjì help disaster victims [jǐ] 济济 jǐjǐ multitudinous, numerous, magnificent

[xǐ] happiness; 喜欢 xǐhuān like
离(F 離)
[lí] (=离开 líkāi) leave, from
虽(F 雖)
[suī] (=虽然 suīrán) although
[zuò] seat, sit, travel by (car/plane/etc.), put a kettle (or similar) on the fire, <classifier for bridges, buildings, etc.>; 请坐 qǐngzuò please have a seat; 坐公共汽车 zuò gōngòng qìchē ride a bus
463


[jí] (=收集 shōují) collect; 集中 jízhōng centralize
编(F 編)
[biān] weave, organize, (=编辑 biānjí) edit
宝(F 寶)
[bǎo] treasure
汉语语法 28/125 汉字

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470 472
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483 484
谈(F 談)
[tán] talk

[fǔ] 政府 zhèngfǔ government
[lā] pull, drag, haul
[lǎ] 半拉 bànlǎ half
[lá] slit
[là] 拉拉蛄 làlagù mole cricket
469


[hēi] (=黑色 hēisè) black; 黑暗 hēi'àn dark
[qiě] for the time being; 而且 érqiě furthermore [jū] (only used some personal names)
471

随(F 隨)
[suí] follow; 随便 suíbiàn as you like
473

[gé] check, pattern, standard; 格外 géwài especially [gē] <the sound of laughter, clicking of a hen>, chuckel
474

[jìn] (F 盡) use up
[jǐn] (F 儘) to max extent; 尽管 jǐnguǎn even though
剑(F 劍)
[jiàn] sword; 宝剑 bǎojiàn double-edged sword
讲(F 講)
[jiǎng] speak, explain, discuss, stress

[bù] cloth, spread
杀(F 殺)
[shā] kill, fight, weaken, reduce, burn (of medicine)

[wēi] tiny, micro; 微笑 wēixiào smile

[pà] (=害怕 hàipà) to fear; 可怕 kěpà horrible

[mǔ] (=母亲 mǔqin) mother; 父母 fùmǔ parents; 字母 zìmǔ letters of an alpabet
[diào] shift, tone [tiáo] adjust
调(F 調)

[jú] department, situation; 邮局 yóujú post office

[gēn] root; 根本 gēnběn essence, foundation, basic, utterly, (not) at all
汉语语法 29/125 汉字

485
[céng] (=曾经 céngjīng) in the past
[zēng] great- (grandmother)
[cēng] 挨曾儿 āicēngr 〈colloquial〉 to get a scolding


[zhǔn] allow, (F 準) certainly, precise; 准备 zhǔnbèi prepare; 标准 biāozhǔn standard
团(F 團)
[tuán] ball, lump, group; 团结 tuánjié unite, rally

[duàn] section, paragraph; 手段 shǒuduàn method, means (to an end), strategy
终(F 終)
[zhōng] end; 终于 zhōngyú finally; 始终 shǐzhōng all along; 终身 zhōngshēn life-long
[lè] enjoy, be glad, pleasure, (=快乐 kuàilè) happy [yuè] (=音乐 yīnyuè) music
490
乐(F 樂)
[qiē] to cut
[qiè] correspond to; 一切 yíqiè all
491

级(F 級)
[jí] grade, level; 阶级 jiējí (social) class, steps, stairs, rank
[kè] (=克服 kèfú) overcome, gram, (F 剋) 克期 kèqī set time limit [kēi] (=剋) scold
493


[jīng] perfect; 精神 jīngshén spirit, essence; 酒精 jiǔjīng alcohol
495

[nǎ] what? 哪儿 nǎr where?
[něi] (before classifier) which?
[na] (used in orders and exclamations) [Né] (in foreign names)

[guān] official; 官僚 guānliáo bureaucrat

[shì] (=表示 biǎoshì) show, indicate; 指示 zhǐshì point out
[chōng] (F 沖) rinse, rush, (F 衝) rush [chòng] (F 衝) towards
498


[jìng] finish, (=竟然 jìngrán) unexpectedly; 究竟 jiūjìng actually, exactly, in the end, after all

[hū] 似乎 sìhu it seems; 几乎 jīhū almost

[nán] male, (=男人 nánrén) man
举(F 舉)
[jǔ] raise; 举行 jǔxíng hold (a meeting); 选举 xuǎnjǔ election; 举例 jǔlì give an example
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汉语语法 30/125 汉字

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[kè] (=客人 kèrén) guest; 客观 kèguān objective; 客气 kèqi polite
证(F 證,証)
[zhèng] prove; 图书证 túshūzhèng library card; 签证 qiānzhèng visa

[kǔ] bitter; 艰苦 jiānkǔ arduous; 痛苦 tòngkǔ suffering

[zhào] shine; 照相 zhàoxiàng photo

[zhù] pour, (F 註) notes; 注意 zhùyì pay attention; 注视 zhùshì gaze
费(F 費)
[fèi] cost; 学费 xuéfèi tuition

[zú] foot, (=足够 zúgòu) enough; 满足 mǎnzú satisfy
尔(F 爾)
[ěr] <archaic> you; 尔后 ěrhòu thereafter; 高尔夫 gāo'ěrfū golf

[zhāo] beckon, recruit, attract; 招待 entertain (guests)

[qún] crowd, group; 群众 qúnzhòng The Masses
热(F 熱)
[rè] hot

[tuī] push

[wǎn] late; 晚上 wǎnshang evening; 夜晚 yèwǎn night; 晚饭 wǎnfàn dinner
响(F 響)
[xiǎng] sound; 影响 yǐngxiǎng influence
[chēng] weigh, name
[chèn] 对称 duìchèn symmetric
517
称(F 稱)
[xìng] 高兴 gāoxìng glad [xīng] 兴奋 xīngfèn excited {Compare with 六 liù six}
518
兴(F 興)

[dài] treat, entertain, wait for [dāi] (=呆 dāi) stay
519
[yuē] approximately, arrange, appointment [yāo] weigh
约(F 約)
阳(F 陽)
[yáng] opposite of 阴 yīn; 太阳 tàiyáng the sun

[gē] (=哥哥 gēge) older brother
520
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汉语语法 31/125 汉字

523
惊(F 驚)
[jīng] surprise
[ma] <interrogative particle>
[má] what; 干吗? gàn má? What's up? [mǎ] 吗啡 mǎfēi morphine
524
吗(F 嗎)

[zhěng] (=整个 zhěnggè) whole; 调整 tiáozhěng adjust; 整齐 zhěngqí neat

[zhī] branch, support; 支持 zhīchí sustain; 地支 dìzhī the Twelve Terrestrial Branches
[gǔ] (=古代 gǔdài) ancient {Compare with 舌 shé tongue}
527

汉(F 漢)
[hàn] Chinese ethnicity; 汉语 hànyu Chinese; 汉字 hànzi Chinese character; 老汉 lǎohàn old man

[tū] charge forward, stick out; 突然 tūrán suddenly
[hào] name, number, mark [háo] yell
号(F 號)
绝(F 絕)
[jué] cut off, absolute
选(F 選)
[xuǎn] (=选择 xuǎnzé) choose, select; 选举 xuǎnjǔ election
[ba] at end of sentence, indicates suggestion [bā] snap!

[cān] 参加 cānjiā participate [shēn] 人参 rénshēn ginseng [cēn] 参差 cēncī uneven, irregular
534
参(F 參)

[kān] periodical, publication; 报刊 bǎokān periodical publications, the press
亚(F 亞)
[yà] inferior, second; 亚洲 Yàzhōu Asia

[fù] (F 復) 恢复 huīfù recover, (F 複) 复杂 fùzá complicated, complex, (F 覆) cover
伤(F 傷)
[shāng] wound, injury, injure; 创伤 chuāngshāng trauma
类(F 類)
[lèi] category, kind, type; 类似 lèisì similar
备(F 備)
[bèi] (=准备 zhǔnbèi) get ready, prepare; 设备 shèbèi equipment
欢(F 歡)
[huān] (=欢乐 huānlè) happy, joyous; 喜欢 xǐhuan like
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汉语语法 32/125 汉字

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560 561

[lìng] other; 另外 lìngwài other, besides

[gǎng] harbor; 香港 Xiānggǎng Hong Kong
势(F 勢)
[shì] power; 形势 xíngshì circumstances; 姿势 zīshì posture

[kè] carve, quarter hour, moment

[xīng] star; 火星 huǒxīng Mars; 星期 xīngqī week
断(F 斷)
[duàn] cut off; 不断 búduàn unceasing; 判断 pànduàn judge
陈(F 陳)
[chén] display, explain, stale, (dynasty 557-589)

[zhǎng] palm of the hand; 掌握 zhǎngwò grasp
农(F 農)
[nóng] (=农民 nóngmín) farmer, peasant; 农业 nóngyè agriculture

[yè] (=夜晚 yèwǎn) night; 半夜 bànyè, 午夜 wǔyè midnight; 夜里 yèlǐ at night
552

[bān] sort, kind; 一般 yìbān ordinary [pán] happy
[bō] 般若 bōrě buddhist wisdom, prajna
念(F 唸)
[niàn] miss, read aloud; 观念 guānniàn concept; 念书 niànshū study
[jià] (F 價) (=价值 jiàzhí) value, (=价钱 jiàqian) price [jie] (F 價)
[jiè] servant
554

脑(F 腦)
[nǎo] (=脑子 nǎozi) brain; 脑袋 nǎodai head; 脑壳 nǎoké skull; 电脑 diànnǎo computer
规(F 規)
[guī] 规律 guīlǜ regular pattern; 规定 guīdìng regulations

[dǐ] bottom; 彻底 chèdǐ thorough; 到底 dàodǐ after all

[gù] cause, therefore; 故事 gùshi story; 故意 gùyì on purpose
[shěng] province, economize, omit [xǐng] 反省 fǎnxǐng introspection
559

妈(F 媽)
[mā] mother, mom; 妈妈 māma mama
刚(F 剛)
[gāng] firm, (=刚才 gāngcái) just (a moment ago)
汉语语法 33/125 汉字

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[jù] sentence
显(F 顯)
[xiǎn] appear; 显然 xiǎnrán obvious

[xiāo] disappear; 消息 xiāoxi news; 消灭 xiāomiè perish
[yī] (=衣服 yīfu) clothing
[yì] wear (clothing), give (clothing) to others to wear
565

[lù] land; 大陆 continent [liù] six (= 六 liù)
566
陆(F 陸)

[qì] utensil, (=机器 jīqi) machine; 武器 wǔqì weapon
确(F 確)
[què] true; 正确 zhèngquè correct; 确实 quèshí indeed; 明确 míngquè explicit

[pò] smash; 破坏 pòhuài ruin; 破烂 pòlàn worn out

[jù] 工具 gōngjù tool; 具有 jùyǒu possess; 具体 jùtǐ concrete; 玩具 wánjù toy

[jū] (=居住 jūzhù) live, reside; 居民 jūmín resident; 居然 jūrán unexpectedly

[pī] <classifier for a batch/lot>, comment, criticize, refute; 批评 pīpíng criticize

[sòng] see somebody off, deliver, give
泽(F 澤)
[zé] 沼泽 zhǎozé marsh, swamp; 色泽 sèzé colour and lustre; 毛泽东 Máo Zédōng CCP leader and founder of the PRC
紧(F 緊)
[jǐn] tight; 紧张 jǐnzhāng tense; 要紧 yàojǐn important
帮(F 幫)
[bāng] (=帮助 bāngzhù, 帮忙 bāngmáng) help, gang
线(F 線)
[xiàn] line, thread; 光线 guāngxiàn light ray; 电线 diànxiàn (electric) wire

[cún] (=存在 cúnzài) exist; 保存 bǎocún preserve
愿(F 願)
[yuàn] wish
580

[qí] marvellous, (=希奇 xīqí) rare, strange [jī] odd (not even)

[hài] harmful; 害虫 hàichóng destructive insect; 厉害 lìhai fierce

[zēng] (=增加 zēngjiā, =增长 zēngzhǎng) increase
汉语语法 34/125 汉字

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杨(F 楊)
[yáng] poplar tree; 三角叶杨 sānjiǎoyèyáng cottonwood

[liào] (=材料 cáiliào) material, expect, anticipate; 资料 zīliào means, data, material

[zhōu] prefecture; 广州 Guǎngzhōu Canton
[jié] joint, section, festival, holiday, (=节日 jiérì) holiday [jiē] knot, link; 节子 jiēzi gnarl, knot (in wood)
586
节(F 節)

[zuǒ] left; 左边 zuǒbiān left side
装(F 裝)
[zhuāng] dress up, load, install, (=假装 jiǎzhuāng) pretend

[yì] (=容易 róngyì) easy, change; 易经 Yìjīng Book of Changes
[zhù] write, book [zhe] (S 着) [zháo] (S 着) [zhuó] (S 着) [zhāo] (S 着)
590


[jí] urgent; 着急 zháojí anxious; 急忙 jímáng in a hurry

[jiǔ] (for a) long time

[dī] low; 降低 jiàngdī reduce; 低级 dījí elementary; 高低 gāodī height
岁(F 歲)
[suì] years old; 岁数 suìshu age; 万岁 wànsuì long life, Your/His Majesty, "Banzai"

[xū] (=需要 xūyào) need; 必需 bìxū essential

[jiǔ] wine; 啤酒 píjiǔ beer; 喝酒 hējiǔ drink wine

[hé] river; 河南省 Hénán shěng Henan Province; 运河 yùnhé canal

[chū] beginning, first (in order); 初步 chūbù preliminary; 起初 qǐchū at first

[yóu] (=游泳 yóuyǒng) swim, (=旅游 lǚyóu) travel
严(F 嚴)
[yán] severe, stern
铁(F 鐵)
[tiě] iron; 地铁 dìtiě underground, subway

[zú] (=民族 mínzú) people, nationality, (=种族 zhǒngzú) race
汉语语法 35/125 汉字

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607
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[chú] get rid of, divide, (=除了 chúle) except

[fèn] portion, share, copy, <classifier for portion, share, copies of newspapers etc.>, college degree

[gǎn] dare; 勇敢 yǒnggǎn brave

[hú] recklessly; 胡说 nonsense (F 鬍) (=胡子 húzi) beard (F 衚) 胡同 hútòng lane

[xuè] blood [xiě] blood

[qǐ] stand on tiptoe, hope for, look forward to; 企业 qǐyè enterprise; 企图 qǐtú attempt; 企鹅 penguin

[réng] (=仍然 réngrán, =仍旧 réngjiù) still, yet, as before

[tóu] throw; 投票 tóupiào vote
闻(F 聞)
[wén] smell, hear; 新闻 xīnwén news
[dǒu] 10 liters; 烟斗 yāndǒu tobacco/opium pipe; 北斗星 Běidǒuxīng The Big Dipper, The Plow [dòu] (F 鬥) fight
612

[jì] 世纪 shìjì century; 纪念 jìniàn memento; 纪律 jìlǜ discipline [Jǐ] <family name>
613
纪(F 紀)
614
脚(F 腳)
[jiǎo] foot; 赤脚 chìjiǎo barefoot; 脚趾 jiǎozhǐ toe [jué] (=角 jiǎo) role, part, character, actor, actress
615

[yòu] right; 右边 yòubiān right side; 左右 zuǒyòu around, nearby, more or less {Compare with 石 shí stone}
苏(F 蘇)
[sū] 苏醒 sūxǐng revive; 苏州 Sūzhōu; 苏联 Sūlián USSR
标(F 標)
[biāo] mark; 标准 biāozhǔn standard
饭(F 飯)
[fàn] rice, food

[yún] say, (F 雲) (=云彩 yúncai) cloud

[bìng] sick; 毛病 máobing malfunction
医(F 醫)
[yī] (=医学 yīxué) medical science; 医生 yīshēng doctor; 医院 yīyuàn hospital
622

[ā] 阿拉伯 ?lābó Arab
[ē] 阿弥陀佛 ?mítuógó Amitabha = Buddha preserve us
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汉语语法 36/125 汉字

[dá] (=回答 huídá) answer
[dā] 答应 dāying respond, promise
623

624

[tǔ] earth, (=土地 tǔdì) land, (=土壤 tǔrǎng) soil {Compare with 士 shì scholar}
况(F 況)
[kuàng] 情况 qíngkuàng circumstances; 况且 kuàngqiě moreover

[jìng] border, territory; 环境 huánjìng environment
软(F 軟)
[ruǎn] soft; 软件 ruǎnjiàn software

[kǎo] (=考虑 kǎolǜ) consider, (=考试 kǎoshì) exam
[niáng] mother, aunt [niang] 姑娘 gūniang girl
629


[cūn] village, rustic; 农村 nóngcūn countryside, village

[dāo] knife
击(F 擊)
[jī] beat, strike, knock; 打击 dǎjī strike, hitt, attack, assault
仅(F 僅)
[jǐn] (=仅仅 jǐnjǐn) only, barely
634

[chá] examine, investigate; 检查 jiǎnchá inspect [Zhā] <family name>

[yǐn] draw, stretch, (=引起 yǐnqǐ) cause, (=吸引 xīyǐn) attract
[cháo] towards, dynasty; 朝鲜 Cháoxiān Korea [zhāo] (morning)
636

[yù] raise, educate; 教育 jiàoyù education [yō] 杭育 hángyō heave-ho, yo-ho
637

续(F 續)
[xù] (=继续 jìxù) continue; 连续 liánxù continuous
独(F 獨)
[dú] only, alone; 独立 dúlì independent
[luó] (=罗网 luówǎng) birdnet; 罗马 Luómǎ Rome; 罗盘 luópán compass
[luō] 罗嗦 luōsuo wordy, troublesome; 哩哩罗罗 līliluōluō the sound of boiling/rumbling/etc.
640
罗(F 羅)
买(F 買)
[mǎi] buy
户(F 戶)
[hù] door, household; 窗户 chuānghù window
625
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汉语语法 37/125 汉字

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护(F 護)
[hù] (=保护 bǎohù) guard, protect; 护士 hùshi nurse

[hē] drink [hè] shout
[péng] 朋友 péngyǒu friend
{Compare with 丽 lì beautiul and 册 cè book}
645


[gōng] supply [gòng] confess
责(F 責)
[zé] duty; 责任 zérèn responsibility
项(F 項)
[xiàng] (=项目 xiàngmù) item

[bèi] back
[bēi] carry on the back

[yú] I, me, (F 餘) left-over, extra; 其余 the rest; 余弦 cosine

[xī] sparse, scattered, watery, this; 希望 xīwàng hope; 希奇 xīqí rare, strange; 希腊 Xīlà Greece
卫(F 衛)
[wèi] 保卫 defend; 卫生 sanitary; 卫星 satellite

[liè] column, line up; 列车 lièchē train; 排列 páiliè arrange
图(F 圖)
[tú] picture; 地图 dìtú map; 图书馆 túshūguǎn library

[shì] room; 教室 jiàoshì classroom; 卧室 wòshì bedroom; 办公室 bàngōngshì office
乱(F 亂)
[luàn] chaotic, disorderly, messy; 混乱 hùnluàn chaos
刘(F 劉)
[Liú] <family name>
爷(F 爺)
[yé] father; 爷爷 yéye grandpa
龙(F 龍)
[lóng] dragon; 恐龙 kǒnglóng dinosaur
[zán] (=咱们 zánmen) we = you and I
[zan] (abbreviation for 早晚 zǎowǎn) all the time, morning and evening, sooner or later
660


[zhāng] chapter, seal, stamp, medal, badge, rules

[xí] mat, seat, banquet; 主席 zhǔxí chairperson
错(F 錯)
[cuò] (=错误 cuòwù) mistake; 不错 búcuò not bad, pretty good; 一点儿不错! yìdiǎnr búcuò! perfectly correct!
汉语语法 38/125 汉字

[xiōng] (elder) brother; 兄弟 xiōngdì brothers {Compare with 儿(F 兄) ér child and 只 zhǐ only}
664


[àn] (=黑暗 hēi'àn) dark; 暗暗 secretly; 阴暗 gloomy; 暗示 hint
666
创(F 創)
[chuàng] 创造 chuàngzào create [chuāng] 创伤 chuāngshāng trauma
[pái] arrange, row, line
[pǎi] 排子车 pǎizìchē handcart
667


[chūn] (=春天 chūntiān, =春季 chūnjì) spring; 春卷 chūnjuǎn spring roll; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàqiūdōng the four seasons

[xū] (F 須) (=必须 bìxū) must, (F 鬚) (=胡须 húxū) beard

[chéng] 承认 chéngrèn admit; 继承 jìchéng inherit

[àn] desk, (law) case; 答案 dá'àn answer or solution to a problem

[máng] hurry, busy; 帮忙 help; 连忙 right away

[hū] shout, exhale; 呼吸 hūxī breathe; 欢呼 huānhū cheer
树(F 樹)
[shù] tree; 树林 shùlín woods; 树木 shùmù trees; 树干 shùgàn trunk

[tòng] painful; 痛苦 tòngkǔ suffering; 痛快 tòngkuai delighted
[chén] to sink; 沉重 chénzhòng heavy [chēn] 黑沉沉 hēichēnchēn pitch-black
676

[a] (used as phrase suffix, indicating obviousness/impatience)
[ā] (indicating elation); 啊!我又赢了! ?! Wǒ yòu yíngle! Ha! I've won again!
[á] (indicating doubt or questioning), huh?; 啊?你说什么? ?? Nǐ shuō shenme? Huh? What are you saying? [ǎ] (indicating puzzled surprise)
[à] (indicating agreement/approval); 啊,好吧! ?, hǎoba! Well, OK!
677

灵(F 靈)
[líng] clever, spirit, soul, elf; 灵活 línghuó nimble, easy
职(F 職)
[zhí] duty; 职工 zhígōng staff; 职业 zhíyè occupation
乡(F 鄉)
[xiāng] countryside, home town
细(F 細)
[xì] thin; 仔细 zǐxì careful; 细胞 xìbāo cell; 详细 xiángxì detailed
665
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汉语语法 39/125 汉字

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诉(F 訴)
[sù] 告诉 gàosu tell; 诉讼 sùsòng lawsuit
态(F 態)
[tài] form; 态度 tàidu manner; 状态 zhuàngtài state

[tíng] (=停止 tíngzhǐ) stop; 停车场 tíngchēchǎng parking lot

[yìn] (=印刷 yìnshuā) print, (=印章 yìnzhāng) seal
笔(F 筆)
[bǐ] writing implement; 毛笔 brush; 钢笔 pen; 铅笔 pencil

[xià] (=夏天 xiàtiān) summer; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàqiūdōng the four seasons

[zhù] (=帮助 bāngzhù) help
689

[fú] blessing, good fortune, (=幸福 xìngfú) happiness, happy; 祝福 zhùfú invoke/wish a blessing; 福建 Fújiàn
{It is common to hang calligraphy of this character up-side-down on doors, in order to get people to note that 福倒了 fú dàole = "The 'Fu' is up-side-down", which is pronounced just as 福到了 = "Fortune/happiness has come"}
块(F 塊)
[kuài] piece, lump, chunk, (=元 yuán) Chinese dollar

[lěng] cold; 冷静 lěngjìng calm

[qiú] ball; 足球 zúqiú football (soccer); 地球 dìqiú the Earth

[gū] 姑娘 gūniang girl
694

[huá] row (a boat) (F 劃) scratch [huà] (F 劃) (=计划 jìhuà) plan (F 畫)

[jì] since, already; 既然 jìrán since, now that
质(F 質)
[zhì] (=物质 wùzhì) matter, substance; 质量 zhìliàng quality, mass
[bā] 尾巴 wěiba tail; 嘴巴 zuǐbā mouth; 巴西 Bāxī Brazil [bà] 嘴巴子 zuǐbàzi mouth, a slap in the face
697


[zhì] send, convey; 一致 yízhì identical, (F 緻) 细致 xìzhì careful
湾(F 灣)
[wān] harbor; 台湾 Táiwān

[yǎn] (=表演 biǎoyǎn) perform, act, performance
[mù] tree, (=木头 mùtou) wood; {Compare with 本 běn root and 大 dà big}
701

汉语语法 40/125 汉字

702
703
704
705
707
709 710
713
714
715
716
719 720 721
韦(F 韋)
[wéi] soft leather, <family name>

[guài] blame, (=奇怪 qíguài) strange; 怪物 guàiwu monster
围(F 圍)
[wéi] surround; 围棋 wéiqí Japanese "go"
静(F 靜)
[jìng] still, quiet; 静电 jìngdiàn static electricity
[páng] (=旁边 pángbiān) side [bàng] (=傍)
706

园(F 園)
[yuán] (=花园 huāyuán) garden, (=公园 gōngyuán) park
[fǒu] not; 是否 shìfǒu whether or not, is (it) or is (it) not? [pǐ] bad, inferior; 臧否 zāngpǐ pass judgment (on people)
708


[fù] assist, vice-; 副词 fùcí adverb
辑(F 輯)
[jí] 编辑 biānjí edit; 逻辑 luójí <loan> logic
[cǎi] pick, gather (F 採) [cài] (F 埰) 采地 càidì fief
711

[shí] eat, (=食物 shíwù, =食品 shípǐn) food [sì] feed
712


[dēng] climb
够(F 夠)
[gòu] enough; 能够 nénggòu be capable of
赛(F 賽)
[sài] contest; 比赛 match, race

[mǐ] (=米饭 mǐfàn) rice, meter; 玉米 yùmǐ corn
[jiǎ] false
[jià] (=假期 jiàqī) vacation
717

718
较(F 較)
[jiào] relatively, quite; 比较 bǐjiào compare, relatively [jiǎo] (bǐjiǎo = bǐjiào)

[jiě] (=姐姐 jiějie) older sister; 小姐 xiǎojie young lady
楼(F 樓)
[lóu] story, building; 大楼 mansion; 楼梯 lóutī stairs

[huò] (F 獲) (=获得 huòdé) get, obtain, (F 穫) 收获 shōuhuò harvest
汉语语法 41/125 汉字

722
[sūn] grandchild; 子孙 zǐsūn children and grandchildren, descendants; 孙悟空 Sūn Wùkōng monkey with supernatural powers in the novel "Journey to the West"; 孙中山 Sūn Zhōngshān = 孙逸仙 Sūn Yixiān = Sun Yat-sen, leader of the Republican Revolution and the KMT
孙(F 孫)

[xuān] (=宣布 xuānbù) declare; 宣传 propaganda
穿
[chuān] penetrate, wear
诗(F 詩)
[shī] poem; 诗人 shīrén poet

[gē] song; 唱歌 chànggē to sing

[sù] fast; 速度 sùdù speed

[hū] disregard, (=忽然 hūrán) suddenly, (=忽而 hū'ér) now...
[táng] hall; 食堂 shítáng dining hall, canteen; 课堂 kètáng classroom [tāng] 亮堂堂 liàngtāngtāng brightly lit, brilliant
729

敌(F 敵)
[dí] (敌人 dírén) enemy; 敌军 enemy troops
试(F 試)
[shì] try, test; 考试 kǎoshì test, quiz
谢(F 謝)
[xiè] thank; 谢谢 xièxie thanks; 非常感谢

[yāng] entreat, center; 中央 central; 央求 beg, plead
怀(F 懷)
[huái] bosom, cherish; 怀疑 huáiyí suspect; 怀念 huáiniàn cherish memory
顾(F 顧)
[gù] (=照顾 zhàogu) look after; 顾客 gùkè customer
验(F 驗)
[yàn] (=经验 jīngyàn) experience
营(F 營)
[yíng] camp; 营火 campfire; 营业 do business

[zhǐ] (=停止 tíngzhǐ) stop
[xìng] family name; 姓名 xìngmíng full name (family name and personal name); 您贵姓 Nín guìxìng? (May I ask for) your family name, Sir/Madame?
739

养(F 養)
[yǎng] raise, nourish; 营养 yíngyǎng nutrition
[lì] 美丽 měilì beautiful; 壮丽 majestic
[Lí] Korea
{Compare with 朋 péng friend and 册 cè book}
741
丽(F 麗)
723
724
725
726
727
728
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
740
汉语语法 42/125 汉字

742
743
744
745
746
747
749
750
751
752
754
756
757
758
759
760
761
属(F 屬)
[shǔ] belong to, be subordinate to, born in a specific year acoording to the Chinese calendar [zhǔ] enjoin

[jǐng] scene, scenery; 风景 fēngjǐng scenery, landscape

[guō] outer wall of city, <family name>

[yī] (=依靠 yīkào) depend on, comply with, according to; 依然 yīrán still

[wēi] 威胁 wēixié threaten, imperil; 示威 shìwēi demonstrate; 挪威 Nuówēi Norway

[àn] press, (=按照 ànzhào) according to; 按摩 ànmó massage
[è] evil
[wù] (厌恶) hate
[ě] (恶心) nauseous
748
恶(F 惡)

[màn] slow

[zuò] (=座位 zuòwèi) seat, place, stand, pedestal, base, <classifier for mountains, bridges etc.>

[zuì] crime, guilt
维(F 維)
[wéi] 纤维 xiānwéi fiber; 维护 wéihù safeguard; 思维 síwéi think
[jiàn] (=渐渐 jiànjiàn, =逐渐 zhújiàn) gradually [jiān] dip/soak in liquid
753
渐(F 漸)
胜(F 勝)
[shèng] (=胜利 shènglì) victory, triumph, win
[cáng] store; conceal, hide [zàng] (=西藏 Xīzàng) Tibet
755


[huáng] 皇帝 huángdì emperor; 皇后 huánghòu empress

[jiē] street; 街道 street, neighborhood; 街头 street-corner

[jī] surge, dash, (=激动 jīdòng) excite; 激烈 jīliè intense
异(F 異)
[yì] different; 异常 yìcháng unusual

[zhāi] pick, take off, select
[jiǎo] horn, corner, dime [jué] actor, role

汉语语法 43/125 汉字

762 763 764
766 767 768
770
771
772
773
774
776
777
778
779
780

[qiáo] look
负(F 負)
[fù] carry on shoulder, suffer, negative

[shī] carry out; 措施 cuòshī to measure, step; 施工 construction
[mó] 模范 mófàn model; 模仿 mófǎng imitate
[mú] 模样 múyàng appearance; 模子 múzi mold, pattern, die
765


[cǎo] grass; 草莓 cǎoméi strawberry

[mǒu] certain, some; 某人 mǒurén somebody
银(F 銀)
[yín] silver; 银行 yínháng bank
[lù] (=露水 lùshui) dew, show, reveal, betray [lòu] reveal
769

阵(F 陣)
[zhèn] battle array, <classifier for phases, spells etc.>; 一阵风 yí zhèn fēng a short period of time

[zhí] (=值得 zhíde) be worth, (=价值 jiàzhí) value

[bān] class, work; 上班 shàngbān go to work; 值班 zhíbān be on duty
层(F 層)
[céng] layer, level, storey

[xiū] repair, decorate; 修改 xiūgǎi revise
[chà] differ, wrong [chā] 差别 difference [chāi] 出差
[cī] rank [cuō] stumble
775


[wèi] (=味道 wèidao) flavor, taste
织(F 織)
[zhī] weave, knit; 组织 zǔshī organize; 纺织 fǎngzhī spin and weave
药(F 藥)
[yào] medicine, drug
馆(F 館)
[guǎn] building; 饭馆 restaurant

[mì] thick, dense
汉语语法 44/125 汉字

781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
798 799 800
802

[liàng] bright, light, shine, loud and clear; 漂亮 piàoliang handsome, beautiful, remarkable, brilliant, smart

[lǜ] 法律 fǎlǜ law; 律师 lǜshū lawyer; 纪律 jìlǜ discipline; 旋律 xuánlǜ tune, melody
习(F 習)
[xí] 练习 liànxí practice; 学习 xuéxí study; 习惯 xíguàn habit

[tián] field; 田野 tiányě open country
简(F 簡)
[jiǎn] 简单 jiǎndān simple; 简体字 jiǎntǐzì simple form character

[miǎn] exempt; 避免 bìmiǎn avoid; 免费 miǎnfèi free

[dú] (毒物) poison; (毒品) drug; 病毒 virus
归(F 歸)
[guī] return

[bō] (=波浪 bōlàng) wave; 波长 bīchánga wavelength

[xíng] mould, type; 典型 diǎnxíng typical

[wū] (屋子 wūzi) room, (=房屋 fángwū) building; 屋顶 roof
换(F 換)
[huàn] change, exchange

[jiù] help, rescue; 救命 jiùmìng! Help! Save me!

[jì] to mail; 寄生虫 jìshēngchóng parasite

[dì] emperor; 帝国 dìguó empire; 上帝 Shàngdì God
退
[tuì] go backwards, (=后退 hòutuì) retreat; 撤退 chètuì withdraw
797

[yáng] (=海洋 hǎiyáng) ocean; 太平洋 Tàipíng Yáng Pacific Ocean [yāng] 暖洋洋 nuǎnyāngyāng warm
丝(F 絲)
[sī] silk, thread

[hú] lake; 湖泊 húpō lakes; 湖南 Húnán; 湖北 Húběi

[shuì] (=睡觉 shuìjiào) sleep
801
劳(F 勞)
[láo] (=劳动 láodòng) labor [lào] encourage, console
妇(F 婦)
[fù] (=妇女 fùnǚ) woman; 夫妇 fūfù married couple
汉语语法 45/125 汉字

[bó] eldest brother, uncle
[bǎi] 大伯子 dàbǎizi eldest brother of one's husband [bai] 叔伯 shūbai cousinship on father's side
[bà] (=霸)
{Compare with 佰 bǎi hundred}
803


[ní] 尼姑 Buddhist nun; 尼加拉瓜 Níjiālāguā Nicaragua; 尼龙 nílóng nylon

[pí] (=皮肤 pífū) skin

[zǔ] (祖先 zǔxiān) ancestor; 祖母 zǔmǔ grandmother

[xióng] powerful, male; 英雄 yīngxióng hero; 雄伟 xióngwěi grand; 雄鸡 xióngjī rooster

[hūn] (=结婚 jíehūn) marry; 婚礼 hūnlǐ wedding; 婚姻 hūnyīn marriage

[kāng] 健康 jiànkāng health; 康熙字典 Kāngxī Zìdiǎn dictionary compiled in the Kangzi period
评(F 評)
[píng] criticize, comment, review

[zhuī] pursue
[hā] exhale, sip, aha!, <the sound of laughter, etc.>
[hǎ] <family name>
[hà] 哈撒 hàsa shake, swing; 哈什蚂 hàshimǎ Chinese forest frog
812

813
络(F 絡)
[luò] net, twine
[lào] 挂络 guàlào involvement, implication

[diàn] (=商店 shāngdiàn) store, shop; 饭店 fàndiàn restaurant

[fān] turn over; 翻译 fānyì translate
环(F 環)
[huán] ring; 环境 huánjìng environment, surroundings
礼(F 禮)
[lǐ] ceremony; 婚礼 hūnlǐ wedding; 礼貌 lǐmào polite
[pǎo] run
[páo] paw the earth


[chāo] (=超过 chāoguò) go past, exceed, (=超级 chāojí) super
[yè] (F 葉) leaf (of a plant) [xié] harmonize
820

804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
814
815
816
817
818 819
汉语语法 46/125 汉字

[yā] press, pressure
[yà] 压根 yàgēn from the start, in the first place, altogether, entirely, totally, at all, simply
821
压(F 壓)
[zhān] fortune telling
[zhàn] occupy; 占领 zhànlǐng capture
822


[jūn] even; 平均 píngjūn average
[yǒng] (=永远 yǒngyuǎn) always, forever, eternal {Compare with 水 shuǐ water}
824


[liè] (=强烈 qiángliè) intense; 热烈 ardent; 烈士 martyr
奖(F 獎)
[jiǎng] prize, award; 奖金 bonus; 奖学金 scholarship

[pó] old lady; 老婆 lǎopo wife
赶(F 趕)
[gǎn] catch up

[fù] (=富有 fùyǒu) rich; 丰富 fēngfù abundant; 财富 cáifù wealth
兰(F 蘭)
[lán] 兰花 lánhuā orchid
录(F 錄)
[lù] record; 记录 jìlù take notes; 录音机 tape recorder
画(F 畫)
[huà] draw, picture

[yù] meet; 遇到 yùdào encounter
顿(F 頓)
[dùn] to pause, meal
艺(F 藝)
[yì] skill, (=艺术 yìshù) art; 文艺 wényì literature and art

[pǔ] 普通 pǔtōng common; 普通话 Pǔtōnghuà Common Speach = Mandarin; 普遍 pǔbiàn universal

[pàn] judge; 批判 pīpàn criticize

[yuán] (=来源 láiyuán) source, origin; 资源 zīyuán resources
亿(F 億)
[yì] 100 million

[sù] plain, white, vegetarian; 因素 yīnsù factor, element

[chuán] boat, ship; 渡船 dùchuán ferry; 宇宙飞船 yǔzhòu fēichuán "cosmic flying boat" = spaceship
823
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
汉语语法 47/125 汉字

842
继(F 繼)
[jì] (=继续 jìxù) continue; 继承 jìchéng inherit
[shàng] esteem; 高尚 gāoshàng noble, lofty [shang] 和尚 héshang monk
843


[zuǐ] (嘴巴 zuǐba) mouth; 嘴唇 zuǐchún lip

[chá] 观察 guānchá observe; 警察 jǐngchá police

[yǔ] rain; 雨水 rainwater; 暴风雨 bàofēngyǔ rainstorm
优(F 優)
[yōu] excellent; 优良 fine; 优秀 outstanding; 优越 yōuyuè superior

[nín] <polite> you; 您贵姓 Nín guìxìng? (May I ask for) your family name, Sir/Madame?
险(F 險)
[xiǎn] (危险 wēixiǎn) danger; 保险 bǎoxiǎn insurance
[yān] (F 煙) smoke, cigarette, mist [yīn] (=氤)
850

阶(F 階)
[jiē] (=台阶) steps; 阶级 class; 军阶 rank; 阶段 phase
担(F 擔)
[dān] carry on a shoulder pole [dàn] two buckets full, 50 kg.
[sàn] break up, distribute, dispel [sǎn] fall apart, scattered


[bǎn] board, hard, (F 闆) 老板 lǎobǎn shopkeeper, proprietor, boss

[zhōng] (F 鐘) bell, clock; 三点钟 3 o'clock, (F 鍾) 钟爱 zhōng'ài dote on, <family name>
访(F 訪)
[fǎng] (=访问 fǎngwèn) visit; 采访 gather material
857

[mèi] (妹妹 mèimei) little sister; 姐妹 jiěmèi sisters
{Compare with 妺 mò = wife of the last ruler of the Xia dynasty}

[shēn] stretch
859

[Fó] Buddha; 佛教 Fójiào Buddhism [fú] 仿佛 fǎngfú seem

[xiàn] limit, bounds; 有限 limited; 限制 restrict
[tǎo] (=讨论 tǎolùn) discuss; 讨厌 tǎoyàn digusting
{讨口彩 tǎokǒucǎi = 讨个吉利(话) tǎo ge jílì(huà) to ask for something as a token of good omen}
861
讨(F 討)
844
845
846
847
848
849
851 852
853
854 855 856
857 860
汉语语法 48/125 汉字

862
863
864
865
867 868 869
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
879 880 881
临(F 臨)
[lín] overlook, be adjacent to; 临时 temporary
吴(F 吳)
[Wú] <family name>, Wu Kingdom (222-280)
摇(F 搖)
[yáo] shake

[tiào] jump; 跳伞 tiàosǎn parachute; 跳舞 tiàowǔ dance
[qū] (=弯曲 wānqū) curved [qǔ] melody
866

练(F 練)
[liàn] white silk, (=练习 liànxí) practice
构(F 構)
[gòu] 结构 jiégòu structure; 构成 constitute; 构造

[wán] play; 玩具 wánjù toy; 好玩儿 hǎowánr fun
[yù] (玉石 yùshí) jade; 玉米 yùmǐ corn {Compare with 王 wáng king}
870


[fàn] violate; 犯罪 fànzuì commit a crime; 罪犯 criminal
厂(F 廠)
[chǎng] (=工厂 gōngchǎng) factory

[kěn] be willing to, consent; 肯定 kěndìng definitely
协(F 協)
[xié] 协作 xiézuò cooperate

[xìng] good fortune, luck; 幸福 xìngfú happy
挥(F 揮)
[huī] wave, wield; command an army; 挥手 wave (one's hand)

[xiào] (=效果 xiàoguǒ) effect, result; 有效 yǒuxiào effective
878
齐(F 齊)
[qí] 整齐 zhěngqí neat; 一齐 yìqí together [zhāi] (=斋)
[zī] (=粢)

[fēng] to seal; 封建 feudal; 信封 envelope
温(F 溫)
[wēn] (=温暖 wēnnuǎn) warm; 温度 wēndù temperature

[yí] (怀疑 huáiyí) doubt, suspect; 迟疑 chíyí hesitate
汉语语法 49/125 汉字

882
[ròu] flesh, meat; 肌肉 jīròu muscle {Compare with 内 nèi inside}


[gōng] (=进攻 jìngōng, =攻击 gōngjī) attack; 专攻 specialize in studying
纸(F 紙)
[zhǐ] paper; 报纸 bàozhǐ newspaper

[cè] plan; 政策 zhèngcè policy

[chōng] fill; 充分 chōngfèn full, ample; 充满 chōngmǎn full of
顶(F 頂)
[dǐng] top, <classifier for hats etc.>; 一顶帽子 yì dǐng màozi a hat
[xún] (=寻找 xúnzhǎo) seek [xín] 寻思 xínsi
888
寻(F 尋)
[nìng] (=宁愿 nìngyuàn, 宁可 jìngkě) prefer, rather [níng] 宁静 tranquil
889
宁(F 寧)

[shā] sand; 沙漠 shāmò desert; 沙丘 shāqiū dune; 沙发 shāfā <loan> sofa

[fáng] embankment, guard, protect, anti-

[zhuā] grab, seize, arrest, attract, scratch

[lì] (=例子 lìzi) example; 例如 lìrú for instance

[gǔ] thigh, section
卖(F 賣)
[mài] sell; 苹果怎么卖? Píngguǒ zénme mài? How much are the apples?
顺(F 順)
[shùn] along, in the same direction as, obey, suitable

[jǐng] 警察 jǐngchá police; 警告 jǐnggào warn
梦(F 夢)
[mèng] dream
剧(F 劇)
[jù] drama, play, opera; 剧烈 jùliè severe

[shàn] good; 改善 gǎishàn improve; 善于 be good at
[méng] to cover, ignorant [mēng] cheat
[Měng] 蒙古 Měnggǔ Mongolia
901

883
884
885
886
887
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
汉语语法 50/125 汉字

902
903
904
905
906
907
909
910
911
912
914 915
917 918 919
921

[piào] ticket

[liáng] (优良 yōuliáng, 良好) good; 良心 liángxīn conscience

[fàn] <family name>; (F 範) 范围 fànwéi scope, range; 模范 mófàn model, fine example
坚(F 堅)
[jiān] hard, solid, firmly; 坚持 persist; 坚定 firm

[duān] hold sth. level with both hands, extremity, end

[kào] lean on, rely on, keep close to, come up to, near
908
杂(F 雜)
[zá] mixed; 复杂 fùzá complicated; 杂志 zázhì magazine [zā] 拉里拉杂 lālilāzā rambling
贵(F 貴)
[guì] expensive, valuable

[nù] anger, rage
稿
[gǎo] stalk of grain, draft, sketch, manuscript

[pāi] clap, paddle; 乒乓拍 pīngpāngpāi ping-pong paddle
913

[lǜ] rate, proportion; 频率 pínlǜ frequency [shuài] 率领 shuàilǐng lead, command
旧(F 舊)
[jiù] old (not new) (compare with 老 lǎo old, not young; 新 xīn new)

[diào] drop, fall
[la] corresponding to 了 le plus 啊 a, <interjection indicating excitement/doubt> [lā] 呼啦啦 hūlālā flapping sound
[lá] 啦啦 lálá chat, gossip, jaw; 啦呱 láguā chat, gossip
916


[mò] nothing; not; 莫大 mòdà greatest; 莫名其妙 mòmíngqímiào baffling, inexplicable

[shòu] award, give; teach; 教授 jiàoshòu professor

[shǒu] guard; 保守 bǎoshǒu conservative
[yóu] oil; 汽油 qìyóu gasoline; 酱油 jiàngyóu soy sauce
[yōu] 绿油油 lǜyōuyōu bright/fresh green; 碧油油 bìyōuyōu bluish green
920


[ēn] kindness; 周恩来 Zhōu ?nlái
汉语语法 51/125 汉字

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积(F 積)
[jī] accumulate; 积极 jījí positive; 面积 area

[yì] (=利益 lìyì) advantage, profìt
县(F 縣)
[xiàn] county; 县长 xiànzhǎng county magistrate

[kū] cry, weep
[bà] stop; 罢工 strike; 罢了 bàle that's all [pí] (=疲) tired, weary, exhausted
926
罢(F 罷)

[tíng] 家庭 jiātíng family; 法庭 court; 庭院 courtyard

[chuāng] (=窗户 chuānghu, =窗口 chuāngkǒu) window; 窗帘 curtain
扬(F 揚)
[yáng] raise; 发扬 fāyáng develop, promote
[wàng] (=忘记 wàngjì) forget [wáng] 忘八
930

[wǔ] 中午 noon; 上午 morning; 下午 afternoon; 午饭 lunch {Compare with 牛 niú cow}
931

[kǎ] block, calory, card [qiǎ] checkpoint


[xuě] snow; 雪花 xuěhuā snowflake; 滑雪 huáxuě to ski

[cài] vegetable, dish

[pái] tablet, brand, cards, dominoes; 牌子 páizi sign, label, logo
[niú] ox, cow, bull; 牛奶 niúnǎi milk {Compare with 午 wǔ noon}
936

脱(F 脫)
[tuō] take off; 脱离 tuōlí break away

[bó] abundant, plentiful; 博士 Ph.D.; 博爱 universal love; 博物馆 bóqùguǎn museum

[zhàng] 10 chǐ = 3 1/3 meters, to measure land, male elder relative/person; 丈夫 zhàngfu husband
[dàn] 炸弹 bomb; 子弹 bullet [tán] 弹吉他 play guitar
940
弹(F 彈)

[zhōu] continent; 亚洲 Yàzhōu Asia; 欧洲 ?uzhōu Europe; 非洲 Fēizhōu Africa
汉语语法 52/125 汉字

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946 947 948
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961

[sōng] pine tree; 松鼠 squirrel, (F 鬆) loose
[huài] (F 壞) bad [pī] (=坯)
943

邓(F 鄧)
[Dèng] <family name>
[xiān] fresh
[xiǎn] few, rare; 朝鲜 Korea
945
鲜(F 鮮)

[duǎn] short (opposite of 长 cháng)
毕(F 畢)
[bì] 毕业 bìyè graduate; 毕竟 bìjìng after all

[zhì] put, place; 位置 wèizhi position
[chu] 清楚 qīngchu clear [chǔ] 苦楚 kǔchǔ misery
949

欧(F 歐)
[ōu] 欧洲 ?uzhōu Europe; 欧姆 ōumǔ ohm

[lüè] brief, slight; 略微 lüèwēi slightly

[zhì] 智慧 zhìhuì wisdom; 智力 zhìlì intellegence
岛(F 島)
[dǎo] island

[kàng] (=抵抗 dǐkàng) resist; 反抗 revolt; 抗议 protest

[qī] (=妻子 qīzi) wife

[bào] hug, embrace
[zài] carry, be loaded with [zǎi] 记载 put down in writing
957
载(F 載)
败(F 敗)
[bài] (失败 shībài) lose, be defeated; 腐败 fǔbài corrupt
[qiāng] gun
[chēng] 欃枪 chánchēng comet
959
枪(F 槍)
[shì] 合适 héshì suitable, appropriate [dí] 适从 dícóng follow, go to
960
适(F 適)
虚(F 虛)
[xū] empty, void; 谦虚 qiānxū modest; 虚心 xūxīn open-minded; 空虚 kōngxū hollow
汉语语法 53/125 汉字

962
预(F 預)
[yù] 预备 prepare; 预先 beforehand; 预报 forecast
[jīng] eye
[jing] 眼睛 yǎnjing eye
963

964

[cì] thorn, prick, stab, irritate, (=刺杀 cìshā) assassinate [cī] wham

[diē] dad; 爹爹 diēdie daddy; 爹地 diēdì daddy
纷(F 紛)
[fēn] 纷纷 one after another; 纠纷 jiūfēn dispute; 纷乱

[jiè] 介绍 jièshào introduce; 介词 preposition

[kuò] 包括 bāokuò include; 概括 gàikuò generalize
销(F 銷)
[xiāo] melt (metal), remove, sell; 脱销 sold out
[jiàng] fall, descend
[xiáng] 投降 tóuxiáng surrender
970

鱼(F 魚)
[yú] fish; 金鱼 jīnyú goldfish; 鲨鱼 shāyú shark
[bēn] run fast, flee
[bèn] go straight towards


[rěn] endure, tolerate; 忍不住 rénbuzhù can't bear, can't resist

[zōng] ancestor, clan, faction; 宗教 religion; 祖宗 ancestry
盘(F 盤)
[pán] disk, tray; 算盘 suànpán abacus; 棋盘 chessboard

[ěr] (=耳朵 ěrduo) ear; 耳机 earphone, headphones

[yě] wild
讯(F 訊)
[xùn] interrogate; 通讯 tōngxùn news report

[pèi] match, deserve; 分配 distribute; 配合 pèihé cooperate
[jìn] (禁止 jìnzhǐ) prohibit
[jīn] endure; 不禁 bùjīn can't resist (doing something)
980


[suǒ] rope; 思索 sīsuǒ think deeply; 索性 suǒxìng simply, just
赵(F 趙)
[Zhào] <family name>
965
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汉语语法 54/125 汉字


[mò] silent; 默默 mòmò silently; 沉默 chénmò reticent; 幽默 yōumò humor

[tú] on foot, follower; 徒弟 túdi apprentice; 匪徒 fěitú gangster

[jià] frame, rack, shelf, put up, <classifier for planes, radios etc.>; 一架飞机 yí jià fēijī an aeroplane; 书架 shūjià bookshelf
灯(F 燈)
[dēng] lamp

[fēng] mountain peak
状(F 狀)
[zhuàng] (=状态 zhuàngtài, =状况 zhuàngkuàng) condition, state of affairs

[kuǎn] fund

[yí] (=移动 yídòng) move; 转移 shift, transform; 移植 transplant

[bà] dad; 爸爸 bàba daddy

[tuō] hold in the palm, rely on; 委托 wěituō entrust

[hóng] (=洪水 hóngshuǐ) flood, vast, <family name>; 洪亮 hóngliàng loud and clear, magnanimity

[shēng] liter, rise, ascend

[huǒ] <classifier for groups, crowds, bands etc.>, group of people. (=伙伴 huǒbàn) partner; 家伙 jiāhuo fellow
订(F 訂)
[dìng] conclude (compare with 定 dìng decide)

[háo] long fine hair, milli-; 毫不 háobù not at all

[hú] 狐狸 húli fox
镇(F 鎮)
[zhèn] town, press down, calm, cool

[chuáng] bed; 床单 chuángdān sheet; 河床 river bed

[hù] 互相 hùxiāng each other; 相互 xiānghù mutually, reciprocal

[tào] set, cover; 手套 glove; 一套衣服 yí tào yīfu a (full) suit (of clothing)

[lǚ] (=旅行 lǚxíng) travel; 旅馆 lǚguǎn inn; 旅行社 lǚxíngshè travel agency

[táo] (逃跑 táopǎo) escape, flee
983
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汉语语法 55/125 汉字

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骂(F 罵)
[mà] curse; 妈妈骂马吗? Māma mà mǎ ma? Does mama curse the horse?
输(F 輸)
[shū] transport, lose (compare with 赢 yíng win)

[chàng] sing; 唱歌

[jìng] 绥靖 suíjìng pacify, appease
[mì] 秘密 mìmì secret; 秘书 secretary [bì] 秘鲁 Peru
1009

词(F 詞)
[cí] word; 词典 cídiǎn dictionary; 动词 dòngxí verb; 词汇 cíhuì vocabulary

[kùn] (=困难 kùnnán) difficult, (F 睏) tired
泪(F 淚)
[lèi] (眼泪, 泪水) tear; 泪珠 teardrop
[shú] cooked, ripe, familiar; 熟悉 shúxī know well [shóu] <colloquial variant>
1013

财(F 財)
[cái] wealth; 发财 fācài get rich

[guǐ] ghost; (魔鬼 móguǐ) devil; 鬼子 guǐzi foreign devil
[gǔ] (骨头 gǔtou) bone [gū] 骨碌 gūlu roll
1016

[shēn] explain
{Compare with 甲 jiǎ helmet and 由 yóu from}
1017


[yù] desire, wish; 欲望 yùwàng desire, lust

[zhēng] journey; 长征 The Long March, attack, (F 徵) evidence, levy

[sī] (私人) personal, (=私有 sīyǒu) privately owned, be private, (=自私 zìsī) selfish

[wǔ] (跳舞 tiàowǔ) dance

[qiū] autumn, fall; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàiūdōng the four seasons

[jù] (=巨大 jùdà) huge, gigantic

[yíng] (欢迎 huānyíng) welcome

[xiù] 优秀 yōuxiù excellent; 秀才 xiùcai scholar
汉语语法 56/125 汉字

1026

[gǎo] do
[dīng] 4th in a series, cubes (in food preparation), <family name> [zhēng] 丁丁 zhēngzhēng clang, clank
1027


[xī] inhale; 呼吸 hūxī breathe; 吸收 xīshōu absorb; 吸引 xīyǐn attract
审(F 審)
[shěn] 审判 shěnpàn bring to trial; 审问 interrogate
[biàn] all over, everywhere; 普遍 universal, <classifier for repetitive times/occurrences>; 再说一遍! Zài shuō yí biàn! Say (it) once more!
1030

墙(F 牆)
[qiáng] (=墙壁 qiángbì) wall

[zhū] vermilion, bright red
圣(F 聖)
[shèng] holy; 圣人 sage, saint; 圣诞节 Shèngdànjié Christmas

[bì] (避免 bìmiǎn) avoid; 逃避 táobì escape, evade
跃(F 躍)
[yuè] leap

[jì] envy, avoid, quit; 忌讳 jìhui taboo

[zhuō] table; 一张桌子 yì zhāng zhuōzi one table
执(F 執)
[zhí] hold in hand; 执行 zhíxíng carry out

[bēi] 悲哀 grieved; 悲观 pessimistic; 悲剧 tragedy

[yù] (math:) field; 领域 territory; 流域 valley; 区域 region
晓(F 曉)
[xiǎo] dawn; (晓得 xiǎode) know
[nòng] do; 弄臣 nòngchén court jester [lòng] 里弄 alley
1042


[wáng] flee, lose, die
桥(F 橋)
[qiáo] bridge
辈(F 輩)
[bèi] generation; 先辈 older generation, ancestors
闪(F 閃)
[shǎn] (闪开) get out of the way, flash; 闪电 lightning
1028 1029
1031
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汉语语法 57/125 汉字

1047
隐(F 隱)
[yǐn] hidden; 隐约 yǐnyuē faint, indistinct
[jìn] strength, energy, spirit [jìng] 强劲
1048
劲(F 勁)
闹(F 鬧)
[nào] (热闹) noisy; 闹钟 alarm clock

[kǒng] (=恐怕 kǒngpà) I'm afraid; 恐怖 kǒngbù terror
[ya] <sentence final particle like 啊 a> [yā] ah, oh
1051


[fù] pay

[jìng] (尊敬 zūnjìng) respect
[jiān] 监狱 prison; 监督 supervise [jiàn] eunuch
1054
监(F 監)
厅(F 廳)
[tīng] hall; 餐厅 cāntīng dining room
库(F 庫)
[kù] warehouse; 数据库 shùjùkù database

[zhèn] shake, shock; 地震 earthquake

[cái] (=材料 cáiliào) material; 教材 jiàocái teaching material

[bīng] ice; 冰箱 bīngxiāng refrigerator; 冰凉 bīngliáng ice-cold; 冰岛 Bīngdǎo Iceland; 冰淇淋 bīngqilín icecream

[xǐng] become sober, wake up; 提醒 remind
庆(F 慶)
[qìng] 庆祝 qìngzhù celebrate; 庆贺 qìnghè congratulate; 庆幸 qìngxìng rejoice
[lǜ] (绿色 lǜsè) green
[lù] (in some place names)
1062
绿(F 綠)

[tuǐ] leg; 腿脚 ability to walk; 腿腕子 ankle; 大腿 thigh

[shù] state, narrate; 描述 describe; 上述 above-mentioned

[xú] slowly, gently, <family name>

[zūn] (尊重, 尊敬) respect

[yìng] hard; 硬件 yìngjiàn hardware
1049 1050
1052 1053
1055
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汉语语法 58/125 汉字

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额(F 額)
[é] (前额) forehead; 定额 quota
误(F 誤)
[wù] (=错误 cuòwù) mistake

[jiè] borrow, lend
纳(F 納)
[nà] receive, accept, enjoy, pay, sew
[zhé] fold; break; change direction [shé] break
[zhē] turn over
1072


[shòu] sell; 售货 sell goods
[yí] 遗传 yíchuán inherit; 遗憾 yíhàn regret [wèi] give
1074
遗(F 遺)
1075

[bào] violent, sudden; 暴露 expose [pù] (=曝)

[quē] (缺乏 quēfá) lack, be short of; 缺点 quēdiǎn shortcoming

[mí] be lost; 我迷了路 Wǒ míle lù I am lost; 迷信 míxìn superstition, blind faith/worship
鲁(F 魯)
[lǔ] <family name>; (鲁莽 lǔmǎng) rude; dull

[tàn] (=探索 tànsuǒ) explore
货(F 貨)
[huò] (=货物 huòwù) goods; 货币 huòbì money, currency

[tóng] 儿童 értóng children
缓(F 緩)
[huǎn] (缓慢 huǎnmàn) slow
伟(F 偉)
[wěi] (伟大) great, mighty; 宏伟 hóngwěi, 雄伟 xióngwěi grand

[jūn] (=君主 jīnzhǔ) monarch, sovereign, (=君子 jūnzǐ) gentleman; 暴君 tyrant
庄(F 莊)
[zhuāng] village; 庄稼 zhuāngjia crops; 庄严 solemn

[fán] ordinary; (凡是 fánshì) every; 非凡 extraordinary

[wēi] 危险 dangerous; 危机 crisis; 危害 endanger
烧(F 燒)
[shāo] roast, cook, burn (compare with 炒 chǎo stir-fry)
汉语语法 59/125 汉字

1089

[cǎi] (色彩 sècǎi) colour; 彩色 cǎisè multicolour
[qiǎng] rob; snatch; scrape [qiāng] 呼天抢地
1090
抢(F 搶)

[kòng] (控诉 kòngsù) accuse, (=控制 kòngzhì) control

[xiōng] (胸膛, 胸脯) chest; (胸怀) heart, mind
戏(F 戲)
[xì] (戏剧 xìjù) drama, play; 游戏 yóuxì game

[piān] sheet of paper, piece of writing

[qù] interest, fun; 兴趣 interest; 趣味 interest, taste

[shù] bundle; 束缚 shùfù tie up; 结束 jiéshù finish
谓(F 謂)
[wèi] call; 所谓 so-called

[gài] 大概 roughly, most likely; 概念 concept; 气概 spirit

[shè] shoot, fire, send out; 注射 inject; 射箭 archery
课(F 課)
[kè] lesson; 课本 kèběn textbook

[dòng] hole, cave
1102

[má] hemp, (=芝麻 zhīma) sesame; 麻烦 máfan bother
[mā] 麻麻黑 māmahēi dusk; 乱麻麻 luànmāmā messy, disorderly

[bēi] cup; 干杯 gānbēi cheers

[tòu] penetrate, thorough; 透镜 tòujìng lens; 透明 transparent
邮(F 郵)
[yóu] 邮局 yóujú post office; 邮票 yóupiào stamp
荣(F 榮)
[róng] (=光荣 guāngróng, =荣誉 róngyù) glory, honor

[dǒng] understand
拥(F 擁)
[yōng] embrace, crowd; 拥护 yōnghù support; 拥挤 yōngjǐ crowded
献(F 獻)
[xiàn] donate; 贡献 gòngxiàn contribution
1091
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汉语语法 60/125 汉字

1110
[xǐ] wash; 洗澡 xǐzǎo bath, shower [Xiǎn] <family name>


[xiū] stop, (=休息 xiūxi) rest; 退休 retire; 休养所 rest home
[pò] compel; 压迫 yāpò oppress; 被迫 bèipò be compelled [pǎi] 迫击炮 pǎijīpào mortar
1112

叹(F 嘆)
[tàn] sigh

[gǒu] dog; 猎狗 liègǒu hound; 疯狗 fēnggǒu mad dog

[tōu] steal; 小偷 xiǎotōu thief
阴(F 陰)
[yīn] opposite of 阳 yáng; 阴沉, 阴天 cloudy; 阴暗 gloomy

[qì] vapor, steam; 汽由 qìyóu gasoline; 汽车 qìchē car
[bài] honor, worship; 礼拜 lǐbài week [bái] 拜拜 báibai bye-bye
1118

[héng] horizontal [hèng] perverse
横(F 橫)
[gǔ] beat, play, drum, arouse
[gū] 胖鼓鼓 pànggūgū fat, plump, full, bulging
1120


[jiàn] 健康 jiànkāng health

[hòu] thick, deep, kind, rich (food) (compare with 薄 báo thin)
签(F 簽)
[qiān] 签订 qiāndìng conclude and sign (treaty, etc); 签名 qiānmíng signature

[dān] cinnabar, red; 丹田 dāntián pubic region; 丹麦 Dānmài Denmark

[Luò] name of a river in 河南 Hénán and 陕西 Shǎnxī

[hǎn] (=喊叫 hǎnjiào, 呼喊 hūhǎn, 叫喊 jiàohǎn) shout, cry out

[róng] (=城都 Chéngdū); 芙蓉 fúróng lotus, cottonrose hibiscus
轮(F 輪)
[lún] wheel

[àn] shore
1111
1113
1114
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汉语语法 61/125 汉字

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1149

[nǎi] breasts, milk

[dàn] thin, light; 淡蓝 dànlán (= 浅蓝 qiǎnlán) light blue

[cháo] tide; (=潮湿 cháoshī) moist; 高潮 gāocháo climax
训(F 訓)
[xùn] lesson
圆(F 圓)
[yuán] round, circle; (sometimes used for 元 yuán dollar)
[juǎn] roll; 春卷 spring roll (F 捲) [juàn] volume, book, exam paper [quán] (=鬈 quán) curly hair
1135

释(F 釋)
[shì] 解释 jiěshì explain; 释放 shìfàng release
诸(F 諸)
[zhū] all, various, <family name>

[miào] wonderful, subtle; 莫名其妙 mòmíngqímiào be baffled
1139

[wéi] 唯物主义 wéiwùzhǔyì materialism
[wěi] <expressing acceptance of a request/command>
夺(F 奪)
[duó] force one's way; 夺取 seize, capture; 争夺 fight for

[zhú] expel, pursue, one by one; 逐渐 gradually; 逐步 step by step
[yàn] (=燕子 yànzi) swallow (bird) [Yān] <family name>
1142

1143

[dāi] stupid, silly, foolish, stay; 呆板 dāibǎn stiff [ái] 呆板 áibǎn stiff
测(F 測)
[cè] (测量 cèliáng) survey, measure; 观测 guāncè observe

[làng] (=波浪 bōlàng) wave (of water); 浪费 waste

[chōu] take out; shrink; whip; 抽烟 smoke tobacco
盖(F 蓋)
[gài] cover, shell; 盖子 lid

[piān] slanting, leaning; stubbornly; unfortunately
阅(F 閱)
[yuè] experience, pass through, review; (阅读 yuèdú) read
汉语语法 62/125 汉字

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购(F 購)
[gòu] (购买 gòumǎi) purchase

[tú] way, route; 前途 prospect; 途经 via
纵(F 縱)
[zòng] longitudinally; 操纵 cāozòng operate; 纵对 zòngduì column, file
[yé] <archaic interrogative particle>, (=爷 yé) grandfather [Yē] 耶稣 Yēsū Jesus
1153


[mō] feel, stroke; 摸索 mōsuo grope; 捉摸 zhuōmō fathom
挂(F 掛)
[guà] hang, put up

[háng] sail, fly; 航行 hángxíng navigate; 航空 aviation
[zé] (=选择 xuǎnzé) choose [zhái] choose
1157
择(F 擇)

[hèn] hate
1159

[shè] 宿舍 sùshè dormitory
[shě] (F 捨) give up, abandon; 舍不得 shěbùdé be loathe to leave at home

[quán] box (with fists); 太极拳 tàijíquán Taiji shadowboxing

[zhú] bamboo

[táng] <family name>, Tang Dynasty, boastfull, exaggerated; (唐突 tángtū) rude
誉(F 譽)

[yù] praise; 荣誉 róngyù honor; 名誉 míngyù fame
[chéng] ride (a vehicle); multiply [shèng] chariot

[ruò] weak; 微弱 wēiruò faint; 软弱 ruǎnruò feeble
检(F 檢)
[jiǎn] (=检查 jiǎnchá) inspect
宫(F 宮)
[gōng] palace, temple, <family name>; 子宫 zǐgōng womb
仪(F 儀)
[yí] ceremony, rite, gift, (=仪表 yíbiǎo) appearance, bearing, (=仪器 yíqì) instrument, apparatus

[qí] flag

[hán] keep in mouth, contain
汉语语法 63/125 汉字

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[Yuán] <family name>

[zhǐ] foundation of a building; 地址 dìzhǐ address
摆(F 擺)
[bǎi] put, arrange, sway, wave; 摇摆舞 yáobǎiwǔ "shake-sway-dance", waggle dance (of bees), rock 'n' roll
奥(F 奧)
[ào] 奥秘 àomì secret, mystery; 奥妙 àomiào profound, secret
[fān] <classifier for kinds, times, occurrences etc.>; 番茄 fānqié tomato [Pān] 番禺 Pānyú county in Guǎngdōng
1175

[hùn] mix up; 混乱 hùnluàn chaos [hún] muddy, muddled
1176

灭(F 滅)
[miè] extinguish; 消灭 eliminate; perish; 歼灭 annihilate

[wò] hold, grasp; 掌握 comprehend

[yá] (=牙齿 yáchǐ) tooth
虑(F 慮)
[lǜ] (考虑 kǎolǜ) consider; 忧虑 yōulǜ worry about

[zhào] 召开 zhàokāi convene

[měng] fierce
宽(F 寬)
[kuān] wide, broad, extend, relax

[chéng] fill; contain
[shèng] flourishing; 茂盛 luxuriant
1184
[hé] pit, nucleus; 核桃 hétao walnut [hú] 核儿 húr <colloquial> pit
1185


[dài] bag, pocket
绍(F 紹)
[shào] 介绍 jièshào introduce
补(F 補)
[bǔ] mend

[diǎn] 典型 diǎnxíng typical; 古典 classical; 词典 dictionary
[quān] circle
[juàn] pen, sty
[juān] shut up in a pen
1190

汉语语法 64/125 汉字

1191

[fēng] good-looking (F 豐) 丰富 fēngfù abundant
1192

[yǎ] 文雅 wényǎ cultured, refined; 雅致 yǎzhi elegant [yā] 鸦片 yāpiàn opium

[jí] lucky, auspicious
赞(F 贊)
[zàn] 赞成 approve of; 称赞 praise

[chá] tea; 茶叶 cháyè tea leaves; 红茶 hóngchá "red tea" = black tea

[yì] also; 反之亦然 fǎnzhīyìrán and vice-versa

[gǔ] (山谷) valley; (F 穀) (=谷物 gǔwù) grain; 谷子 gǔzi millet
稳(F 穩)
[wěn] (稳定 wěndìng) stable, steady; 稳当 wěndang reliable

[huì] (F 彙) gather together; 汇报 guìbào to report; 词汇 cíhuì vocabulary; (F 匯) converge, remit
1200
厉(F 厲)
[lì] 厉害 lìhai terrible, formidable, <family name> [lài] name of an ancient country
{Compare with 历 lì experience}
届(F 屆)
[jiè] to fall due, <classifier for year of graduation, regular sessions, meetings, etc.>
迹(F 跡)
[jì] (=痕迹 hénjì) mark, trace, vestige; 奇迹 qíjì miracle

[léi] thunder; 雷雨 thunderstorm; 雷达 radar

[xù] 秩序 zhìxu order; 程序 procedure; 次序 order

[hán] (寒冷) cold

[fù] enclose, attach; 附近 fùjìn vicinity, nearby
鸡(F 雞)
[jī] chicken; 宫保鸡丁 gōngbǎo jīdīng spicy diced chicken

[zāo] meet with disaster
1209

[tiāo] (挑选) choose
[tiǎo] poke; 挑战 challenge
[tāo] 挑达 tāotà walk casually to and fro

[jiān] (肩膀 jiānbǎng) shoulder; (肩负 jiānfù) take on
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汉语语法 65/125 汉字

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忆(F 憶)
[yì] (记忆 jìyì, 回忆 huíyì) remember, recall; memory

[róu] yielding; 柔软 róuruǎn soft; 柔和 róuhe gentle

[dài] put on; 戴眼镜 dài yǎnjìng wear glasses; 戴上帽子 dàishang màozi put on a hat

[xī] (珍惜) cherish; 可惜 kěxī it's too bad; 不惜 bùxī not hesitate

[gé] separate, stand between; 隔壁 next door

[háo] (=毫不 hǎobù, =好不 hǎobù) not at all
诚(F 誠)
[chéng] (诚实) honest

[ruì] auspicious, good omen; 瑞雪 timely snow
减(F 減)
[jiǎn] subtract; 减少 jiǎnshǎo decrease

[bō] sow, seed; 广播 broadcast; 传播 disseminate

[me] (S 么)[mó] 麽(F 麼) 幺麽 yāomó petty, insignificant
针(F 針)
[zhēn] needle; 方针 policy; 针刺 zhēncì acupuncture

[qí] board game; 象棋 chess; 围棋 Go; 跳棋 Checkers
竞(F 競)
[jìng] 竞争 jìngzhēng compete; 竞赛 contest
[bì] (手臂 shǒubì) arm [bei] 胳臂 gēbei arm
1225


[tǐng] quite, very; endure, stand; 挺立 stand upright
[cāo] conduct, grasp; 操纵 cāozòng operate [cào] make trouble
1227


[yāo] waist

[kuáng] (疯狂 fēngkuáng) crazy

[tì] in place of; (代替 dàitì) replace, substitute

[méi] plum, prune; 梅花 plum blossom; 梅林 plum grove

[gù] 巩固 gǒnggù consolidate; 固定 gùdìng fixed
汉语语法 66/125 汉字

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伦(F 倫)
[lún] 伦理 lúnlǐ ethics

[Sòng] the Song dynasty (960-1279); 宋体字 Sòng tǐzì "Song"-typeface
[gāng] steel; 钢笔 fountain pen; 钢琴 piano [gàng] sharpen
1235
钢(F 鋼)
诺(F 諾)
[nuò] 诺言 nuòyán a promise
残(F 殘)
[cán] injure, barbarous, incomplete, remnant

[yán] (延长 yáncháng) prolong
1239

[hǔ] (老虎 lǎohǔ) tiger
[hū] 马马虎虎 mǎmahūhū
[hù] 虎不拉 hùbulǎ <zool.> shrike

[xùn] 迅速 xùnsù rapid, swift
灾(F 災)
[zāi] (灾难 zāinàn, 灾害 zāihài) disaster
1242

[qiāo] 悄悄 qiāoqiāo quietly [qiǎo] 悄声 qiǎoshēng quietly

[yuè] high mountain, wife's parents, <family name>
乔(F 喬)
[qiáo] <family name>; 乔木 qiáomù arbor

[chuān] river; 四川省 Sìchānshěng Sichuan Province; 冰川 bīngchuān glacier
1246

[chóu] revenge, hatered, <family name>; 报仇 bàochóu get revenge [qiú] mate, <family name>

[jì] (=季节 jìjié) season; 冬季 dōngjì winter; 四季 sìjì four seasons

[chuī] blow
粮(F 糧)
[liáng] (粮食 liángshi) grain, food

[jù] gather, get together; 核聚变 héjùbiàn nuclear fusion
译(F 譯)
[yì] (翻译 fānyì) translate

[zhū] (珠子 zhūzi) pearl, bead; 眼珠子 eyeball; 泪珠 teardrop
汉语语法 67/125 汉字

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[shū] (=叔叔 shūshu) uncle, father's younger brother
谋(F 謀)
[móu] scheme; 阴谋 conspiracy
础(F 礎)
[chǔ] 基础 jīchǔ foundation, base, basis; 础石 chǔshí plinth

[rén] benevolence, humanity
损(F 損)
[sǔn] decrease; damage; 损失 sǔnshī lose, loss

[róng] (融化) melt (ice or snow; cf 熔 róng)
辆(F 輛)
[liàng] 车辆 car; 两辆车 liǎng liàng chē two cars
净(F 凈)
[jìng] clean, complete; only; 干净 gānjìng clean

[mǐn] 敏捷 mǐnjié agile; 敏感 mǐngǎn sensitive; 敏锐 mǐnruì acute

[yī] <family name>, he or she; 伊斯兰 Yīsīlán Islam

[xiān] fairy, saint, immortal celestial being; 仙女 fairy maiden

[qiǎo] clever, coincidentally; 巧妙 qiǎomiào ingenious
[líng] zero; 零件 língjiàn spare part; 零钱 spare change
[līng] 孤零零 gūlīnglīng solitary, all alone; 丁零零 dīnglīnglīng tinkle, jingle
1265

[lèi] tired; work hard [lěi] 积累 accumulate [léi] (F 纍)
1266


[xiǎng] (=享受 xiǎngshòu) enjoy (compare with 亨 hēng)

[bàn] accompany; 伙伴, 同伴 companion
荡(F 蕩)
[dàng] swing, sway; loaf about; 扫荡 wipe out; 震荡 shake

[zhēn] (珍宝) treasure: 珍珠 pearl; 珍贵 precious

[yǒng] 勇敢 yǒnggǎn brave; 勇气 courage; 勇士 brave warrior
[mò] end, minor details; 末儿 mòr powder; 周末 zhōumò weekend [me] (=么 me); 什末 shénme what?
{Compare with 未 wèi haven't}
1272

汉语语法 68/125 汉字

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奋(F 奮)
[fèn] 奋斗 fèndòu struggle; 兴奋 xīngfèn excited
胆(F 膽)
[dǎn] gallbladder, guts, bravery, internal parts
弃(F 棄)
[qì] (放弃 fàngqì, 抛弃 pāoqì) abandon, give up
烦(F 煩)
[fán] be vexed; 麻烦 máfan trouble, bother; 不耐烦 bú nàifán impatient
[hú] paste; 糊涂 hútu muddled [hū] plaster
[hù] paste
1277

犹(F 猶)
[yóu] still, yet; 犹豫 yóuyù hesitate; 犹如 yóurú as if
税(F 稅)
[shuì] tax

[péi] 培养 foster, train, develop; 培育 cultivate, breed

[dǐ] support; (抵抗 dǐkàng) resist

[sēng] monk
锋(F 鋒)
[fēng] 锋利 sharp; 冲锋 charge, assault; 先锋 vanguard

[nǎi] be, so, only then, you
遥(F 遙)
[yáo] distant, remote; long
[mó] 按摩 ànmó massage; 摩擦 mócā rub; friction [mā] 摩挲 māsa gently stroke, smooth rub, massage
1286


[tǎn] 平坦 level; 坦然 calm; 坦克 tank
后(F 後)
[hòu] after

[méi] eyelash; 眉头 brows; 眉毛 eyebrow; 眉目 looks

[cān] meal
惯(F 慣)
[guàn] be used to; 习惯 xíguàn be used to, habit, custom
凭(F 憑)
[píng] lean on, based on, (= 不论 búlùn) no matter
[guān] hat, crown
[guàn] first place; 冠军 guànjūn champion
1293

汉语语法 69/125 汉字

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[tái] lift, raise, carry

[pèng] bump into; 碰见 happen to meet
币(F 幣)
[bì] money, currency; 硬币 coin; 人民币 rénmínbì RMB.
启(F 啟)
[qǐ] open; start; enlighten; 启发 arouse, inspire
1298
码(F 碼)
[mǎ] <classifier for cloth, happenings, etc.>; 两码事 liǎng mǎ shì two entirely differeint things/matters; 码头 mǎtou wharf, dock; 号 码 hàomǎ (serial) number, code

[mào] emit, risk, pretend to be, <family name>; 感冒 catch a cold
[hàn] (汗水 hànshuǐ) sweat, perspiration [hán] 可汗 kèhán
1300


[sú] common, rustic, vulgar, custom; 俗话 proverb, saying

[huī] ash, dust, grey, disheartened

[dū] 监督 jiāndū supervise
穷(F 窮)
[qióng] poor; 无穷 wúqióng infinite
颇(F 頗)
[pō] quite, rather
倾(F 傾)
[qīng] lean; 倾向 tendency, prefer; 倾斜 slant

[jiān] point, tip; 尖锐 jiānruì sharp
韩(F 韓)
[Hán] <family name>; (old name for Korea)
贸(F 貿)
[mào] 贸易 màoyì trade
仿
[fǎng] resemble, be like, (=模仿 mófǎng) imitate, copy; 仿佛 seem; 仿造 copy

[gū] alone; 孤儿 orphan; 孤立 isolated; 孤独 lonely
飘(F 飄)
[piāo] float in the air, flutter; 飘扬 flutter, wave

[màn] overflow; 漫长 endless; 浪漫 làngmàn <loan> romantic
[yǔ] (=予以 yǔyǐ, =给予 jǐyǔ) give, grant [yú] <archaic> (=吾 wú) I, me
1314

汉语语法 70/125 汉字

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[zǐ] purple, violet
[cè] side
[zhāi] 侧歪 zhāiwai slant
1316
侧(F 側)
沿
[yán] along; 沿海 yánhǎi coastal; 沿儿 yánr water's edge

[bá] raise, pull; 提拔 promote; 海拔 elevation

[xiù] (袖子) sleeve; 领袖 leader; 袖珍 pocket-sized; 短袖 duǎnxiù T-shirt

[liáng] bridge, roof beam; 桥梁 bridge; 脊梁骨 backbone
赏(F 賞)
[shǎng] reward, admire; 欣赏 xīnshǎng enjoy, appreciate

[mù] curtain; act (of play); 屏幕 píngmù screen

[bì] wall, cliff; 墙壁 qiángbì wall (la pared)

[dàn] <archaic> dawn; 一旦 in one day; once; 元旦 New Year's Day

[chén] (早晨 zǎochen) morning
纯(F 純)
[chún] (纯洁 chúnjié) pure; (单纯 dānchún) simple
闭(F 閉)
[bì] shut
[liáng] cool, cold [liàng] make cool
凉(F 涼)
[sǎo] sweep; 打扫 dǎsǎo clean up [sào] 扫帚 sàozhou broom
1329
扫(F 掃)

[yóu] fault; outstanding; 尤其 yóuqí especially
[pào] cannon; 炮弹 shell [bāo] quick-fry
[páo] 炮制 concoct
1331


[wǎn] bowl
贴(F 貼)
[tiē] stick, paste, glue, stay close to

[chā] insert, stick in; 插头 plug
1317
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汉语语法 71/125 汉字

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滚(F 滾)
[gǔn] roll, boil
缘(F 緣)
[yuán] 缘故 cause, reason; 边缘 edge; 绝缘 insulate

[sì] temple, Buddhist monastery
1338
贝(F 貝)
[bèi] shellfish; cowrie; (money); 贝壳 bèiké shell {Compare with 见 jiàn see}
润(F 潤)
[rùn] 湿润 shīrùn moist; 利润 lìrùn profit; 润滑 rùnhuá lubricate
1340

[shì] surname, family name, (=氏族 shìzú) clan
[zhī] 月氏 Yuèzhī Indo-Scyths (nomadic people in Central Asia)

[dōng] (=冬天 dōngtiān, =冬季 dōngjì) winter; 冬眠 dōngmián hibernation; 春夏秋冬 chūnxiàqiūdōng the four seasons
扩(F 擴)
[kuò] 扩大 kuòdà enlarge, expand
栏(F 欄)
[lán] fence, railing

[huāng] desolate, wasteland, famine; 荒谬 huāngmiù absurd

[zhé] 哲学 zhéxué philosophy

[bī] force, compel; close in on
[xià] frighten, scare
[hè] (=恐吓 kǒnghè) threaten, <interj.>
1347
吓(F 嚇)
1348

[duī] pile, heap
[zuī] 归里包堆 guīlibāozuī altogether, all in all

[zhuàng] collide, run into
[láng] young man; 新郎 bridegroom. <family name> [làng] 屎壳郎
1350

1351
俩(F 倆)
[liǎ] two, both; 我们俩 wǒmen liǎ the two of us
[liǎng] 伎俩 jìliǎng trick, intrigue, maneuver, skill, dexterity, craft
蓝(F 藍)
[lán] (蓝色) blue
闲(F 閑)
[xián] idle, free time; 闲话 digression, complaint

[xīn] suffering; 辛苦 xīnkǔ work hard
汉语语法 72/125 汉字

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镜(F 鏡)
[jìng] (=镜子 jìngzi) mirror, lens; 眼镜 yǎnjìng glasses

[péi] (=陪同 péitóng) accompany; 陪嫁 péijià dowry
[qí] ride (horse/bike)
[jì] 乘骑 chéngjì saddle horse; rider
1357
骑(F 騎)

[dàn] egg; 鸡蛋 chicken egg; 蛋白质 protein

[cù] urge; urgent; 促进 cùjìn promote; 促使 cùshǐ impel, urge

[yáng] sheep; 山羊 shānyáng goat; 羊年 yángnián year of the Sheep = 8th year
[yí] (=适宜 shìyí) suitable [yi] 便宜 piányi cheap
1361

1362

[ma] <particle for persuation>
[má] <interrogative particle> (=吗 ma)
颜(F 顏)
[yán] 颜色 yánsè colour; 颜面 yánmiàn face
贫(F 貧)
[pín] (=贫苦 pínkù, =贫穷 píngqióng) poor

[fú] width of cloth, size, <classifier for cloth, paintings etc.>; 一幅画 a picture
驻(F 駐)
[zhù] stay, halt, be stationed

[píng] (=浮萍 fúpíng) duckweed

[wū] foul; 污染 wūrǎn pollution
杰(F 傑)
[jié] 杰出 outstanding; 杰作 masterpiece
扑(F 撲)
[pū] pounce on; flap wings; 扑灭 pūmiè extinguish; 扑克 pūkè <loan> Poker
壮(F 壯)
[zhuàng] robust, magnificent; 壮丽 majestic; 壮族
萨(F 薩)
[sà] 菩萨 púsà bodhisattva, benevolent being, <family name>

[xíng] punishment
忧(F 憂)
[yōu] worry, grieve; 忧郁 yōuyù sad; 忧虑 worry about

[mào] (面貌) appearance; 礼貌 polite
汉语语法 73/125 汉字

1376
狱(F 獄)
[yù] lawsuit; (监狱 jiānyù) prison, jail
[sāi] fill in, stuff, cork
[sè] (=堵塞 dǔsè) block up, obstruct
[sài] place of strategic importance, border pass
1377

凤(F 鳳)
[fèng] male phoenix (fabulous bird of good omen)

[kǒng] hole; 孔子 Kǒngzǐ Confucius; 面孔 miànkǒng face
触(F 觸)
[chù] touch; 接触 jiēchù get in touch; 触角 antenna
恋(F 戀)
[liàn] 恋爱 love (as in love affair)
岂(F 豈)
[qǐ] (rhetorical adverb); 岂有此理 qǐyǒucǐlǐ What kind of reasoning is that?, Nonsence!

[sēn] (=森林 sēnlín) forest

[fán] numerous; 繁殖 fánzhí breed; 繁荣 flourishing; 繁体字 fán tǐzì full forms of simplified characters

[suì] smash to pieces

[jīn] ferry crossing, ford, saliva, sweat, moist, damp; 津津有味 jīnjīnyǒuwèi (to do someting) with pleasure, to be appetizing
侠(F 俠)
[xiá] 侠客 xiákè chivalrous warrior; 侠义 chivalrous
[lóng] 隆重 lóngzhòng grand; 隆起 lóngqǐ swell [lōng] 轰隆隆 hōnglōnglōng tumble, roll
1388

[chí] tardy; 迟到 arrive late; 迟疑 hesitate; 推迟 put off [zhì] 迟旦 zhìdàn dawn, daybreak
1389
迟(F 遲)
辉(F 輝)
[huī] shine; 光辉 radiance, glory; 辉煌 huīhuáng brilliant

[hěn] ruthless

[xī] 分析 fēnxī analyse
缩(F 縮)
[suō] shrink

[xué] cave, hole, den, grave, acupuncture point
萧(F 蕭)
[xiāo] desolate

[yuàn] resentment, complain
1378
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[mó] rub, wear down [mò] mill, grind(stone)

[fú] bend over, subside; 伏天 hot summer days; 起伏 rise and fall
辞(F 辭)
[cí] take leave; diction, poetry, language
[ní] mud; 泥土 soil [nì] putty
1400

龄(F 齡)
[líng] (年龄) age; duration
径(F 徑)
[jìng] path, way; (直径 zhíjìng) diameter; 途径 tújìng channel, way, through

[bí] (=鼻子 bízi) nose; 鼻孔 bíkǒng nostril
赖(F 賴)
[lài] rely; hang around; blame falsely; deny error

[yǎng] face upward; 信仰 xìnyǎng (religious) faith
愤(F 憤)
[fèn] (=气愤 qìfèn, =愤怒 fènnù) angry

[mù] 羡慕 xiànmù envy; admire; 爱慕 àimù adore

[é] very soon, suddenly; 俄国 ?guó Russia

[yìng] shine
询(F 詢)
[xún] 询问 xúnwèn ask about, inquire
惨(F 慘)
[cǎn] tragic; savage
麦(F 麥)
[mài] wheat, etc; 麦片 màipiàn oatmeal; 麦克风 màikèfēng <loan> microphone
[sù] stay overnight, <family name>
[xiǔ] <classifier for nights>; 住一宿 zhù yì xiǔ stay one night [xiù] constellation in Chinese astronomy
1413
宿

[bèi] times; 三倍 three times (as much)

[cū] thick, rough, coarse
[téng] jump, gallop, vacate; 沸腾 boiling [tēng] thump
1416
腾(F 騰)
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[shāo] (稍稍, 稍微) a little, a bit, slightly [shào] 稍息


[jié] cut, stop; section, length; 半截 half a section

[rǎn] to dye; catch (disease); 染料 dye; 污染 pollution
1420
乌(F 烏)
[wū] (=乌鸦 wūyā) crow, (=乌黑 wūhēi) black; 乌龟 wūguī tortoise {Compare with 马 mǎ horse and 鸟 niǎo bird}

[yù] heal, get better; 愈...愈... (like 越 yuè)
[gǎng] mound, sentry
[gāng] 花岗石 huāgāngshí granite [gàng] 岗口 gànkǒu delicious sweet
1422
岗(F 崗)

[liǔ] willow
[pū] spread, unfold; pave
[pù] shop, store; plank bed; 卧铺
1424
铺(F 鋪)

[shè] wade, ford, go through, involve; 干涉 gānshè interfere

[jí] (=疾病 jíbìng) illness; 疾苦 jíkǔ hardship
[dǎng] ward off, block, gear (of car) [dàng] 摒挡 bìngdàng arrange, get ready
1427
挡(F 擋)

[fèng] accept, offer; 奉命 receive orders; 奉承 flatter
[tà] step on; 糟蹋 (=糟蹋 zāota) zāota ruin, waste, insult, affront [tā] (=塌 tā) collapse, sink, calm down
1429


[zhōng] faithful

[wǔ] (=五 wǔ) five, <family name>; 队伍 duìwǔ troops

[duǒ] hide (oneself), avoid, dodge

[jí] book, registry, native place, membership; 国籍 guójí nationality

[nǔ] 努力 nǔlì try hard

[lǎng] 爽朗 shuǎnglǎng, 明朗 bright and clear; 朗讼 recite
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[xiāng] box

[cái] cut cloth or paper; reduce; decide; sanction
帐(F 帳)
[zhàng] curtain; 蚊帐 mosquito net; 帐篷 tent; account

[jiān] double; simultaneously: 兼容 compatible

[bǐ] 彼此 bǐcǐ each other

[xiá] rosy clouds
猪(F 豬)
[zhū] pig; 猪年 zhūnián the year of the pig = the 12th year

[xī] 熟悉 shúxī know well, be familiar with
[zhā] prick
[zhá] 挣扎 zhēngzhá struggle [zā] 包扎
1444

劝(F 勸)
[quàn] advise
[báo] thin
[bó] slight; 薄弱 weak
[bò] 薄荷 bòhe peppermint
1446

筑(F 築)
[zhù] build, construct; 建筑学 architecture

[jùn] handsome, pretty; 英俊 brilliant, talented

[xié] shoe

[jù] (距离 jùlí) distance

[qīn] (=侵略 qīnlüè, =侵入 qīnrù) invade, intrude into

[xīn] 欣赏 xīnshǎng enjoy
挤(F 擠)
[jǐ] squeeze; crowd; push, jostle; 拥挤 yōngjǐ crowded

[méi] go-between, matchmaker; 媒介 medium, intermediary
[tǔ] spit
[tù] (呕吐 ǒutù) vomit
1455

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[hún] (灵魂 línghún) soul, spirit, mood
洁(F 潔)
[jié] (=纯洁 chúnjié) pure, (=清洁 qīngjié) clean, sanitay; 洁白 jiébái pure white, spotless
[zhī] branch
[qí] (=歧 qí) fork, brach, divergent
1458


[yíng] full; 盈利 yínglì profit, have a surplus

[zǔ] block; 阻止 zǔzhǐ prevent; 电阻 diànzǔ resistance

[xiàn] pit, trap; cave in; 陷入 sink/fall into
1462

[jiǎ] helmet; 指甲 zhījia fingernail; 甲虫 beetle {Compare with 申 shēn explain and 由 yóu from}
郑(F 鄭)
[zhèng] <family name>; 郑重 zhèngzhòng serious, solemn
鸣(F 鳴)
[míng] cry of birds, animals, insects; ring, sound; express

[tǎng] (=倘若 tǎngruò) if, supposing

[shèng] be left over, remain, (=剩余 shèngyú) surplus, left over, remain
颗(F 顆)
[kē] grain, small round object, <classifier for small round things>; 一颗珠子 yì kē zhūzi one pearl

[tuō] pull, drag; procrastinate

[shū] stretch; 舒服 shūfu comfortable; 舒畅 shūchàng carefree

[huì] 恩惠 ēnhuì favor, kindness; 贤惠 xiánhuì virtuous (女)

[hūn] dusk, dark, to faint

[zhèn] shake, stimulate; 振动 vibration; 振奋 inspire

[jiè] forbid; 戒严 jièyán enforce martial law; 戒指 jièzhi ring
[sàng] 丧失 forfeit
[sāng] 丧事 funeral arrangements
1474
丧(F 喪)

[jiāo] burnt; (焦炭) coke; 焦急 jiāojí anxious; 焦点 focus
[pá] crawl, climb
[pā] 矮爬爬 ǎipāpā squat, short
1476

汉语语法 78/125 汉字

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[líng] insult; encroach; draw near; 凌晨 língchén before dawn

[huì] 智慧 zhìhuì wisdom
[ǒu] (偶然 ǒurán) by chance, even number {Compare with 奇 jī odd}
1479

1480

[huàng] (摇晃 yáohuang) shake, sway [huǎng] dazzle
[huāng]

[táo] (桃子) peach; 桃花 peach blossom; 樱桃 yīngtáo cherry

[chì] red, bare; 赤道 chìdào equator; 赤脚 chìjiǎo barefoot
[làn] messy; 灿烂 cànlàn splendid [lān]
1483
烂(F 爛)
骗(F 騙)
[piàn] (欺骗) deceive; cheat, swindle; 骗局 hoax; 骗子 swindler

[cuò] arrange; 措施 cuòshī measure, step
页(F 頁)
[yè] page

[xiōng] terrible; 凶恶 xiōng'è fiendish; 凶猛 xiōngměng ferocious

[tài] peace, quiet; 泰国 Thailand; 泰山 Tàishān Mount Tai, something of great importance
尸(F 屍)
[shī] corpse, 尸体 shītǐ dead body

[pō] slope, hillside; 坡度 pōdù slope, gradient
[lēi] tie or strap tightly [lè] 勒索 lèsuǒ
1491

疗(F 療)
[liáo] treat, cure; 疗法 therapy
[tǎ] pagoda, tower [da] 泥圪塔; 树圪塔
1493

尘(F 塵)
[chén] (灰尘 huīchén) dust

[tǎng] lie down

[shū] 特殊 tèshū special, particular
汉语语法 79/125 汉字

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[wèi] 安慰 comfort, console; 慰问 express sympathy for

[tán] (F 壇) altar, raised plot of ground; (F 罈) jar, jug
[gān] sweet; 甘蔗 gānzhe sugarcane; 甘肃 Gānsù {Compare with 日 rì sun}
1499


[yǎo] bite; bark; pronounce

[jù] resist; (拒绝 jùjué) refuse

[biāo] young tiger
1503

[zhà] (爆炸 bàozhà) explode, blow up [zhá] deep fry

[jǐng] (water) well, <family name>

[chóng] worship, high, sublime
[yǐn] drink
[yìn] give animals water to drink
饮(F 飲)

[zhù] express good wishes; 庆祝 qìngzhù celebrate; 祝贺 zhùhè congratulate; 祝福 zhùfú invoke/give blessing

[wāng] 汪汪 wāngwāng tearful, bow-wow; 汪洋 boundless (ocean)

[láo] firm, durable; (牢房 láofáng) prison; 牢固 láogù sturdy

[guì] laurel (bay) tree; 桂林 Guìlín
1511

[wěi] (=尾巴 wěiba) tail
[yǐ] 后尾 hòuyǐ <colloquial> end, behind
[piāo] float
[piào] 漂亮 paiòliang beautiful [piǎo] 漂白 piǎobái bleach
1512


[liáo] just, slightly; 无聊 wúliáo bored, silly; 聊天儿 liáotiānr chat, gossip
[sā] cast, let go
[sǎ] scatter, sprinkle


[qià] (恰当 qiàdàng) appropriate, suitable; 恰好 qiàhǎo just right

[níng] 混凝土 hùnníngtǔ concrete; 凝视 níngshì stare; 凝固 nínggù solidify
汉语语法 80/125 汉字

1517

[máo] spear; 矛盾 máodùn "spear-shield" = contradiction
[Yū] <family name>
[wū] <archaic> sigh and exclaim [yú] (S 于) in, at, to, from, by, than
1518

1519
宾(F 賓)
[bīn] guest; 宾馆 bīnguǎn hotel {Compare with 兵 bīng soldier}
绪(F 緒)
[xù] 情绪 qíngxù mood, depression; 头绪 tóuxù lead, clue

[Péng] <family name>
[dù] (肚子 dùzi) stomach [dǔ] tripe
1522


[cōng] urgent, rushed; 匆匆 cōngcōng hurriedly, obviously, apparently; 匆忙 cōngmáng in a hurry

[miáo] trace, touch up; 描写 miáoxiě describe

[fěn] powder; 洗衣粉 xǐyīfěn laundry detergent; 粉红色 fěnhóngsè pink
贼(F 賊)
[zéi] thief

[fá] (=缺乏 quēfá) lack; 疲乏 pífá tired; 贫乏 pínfá poor

[dùn] shield; 矛盾 máodùn "spear-shield" = contradiction

[chóu] worry

[xié] slanting; 斜边 xiébiān hypoteneuse; 斜率 xiélǜ slope
[liè] split, crack: 分裂 fēnliè split, divide, break up, fission [liě] crack open
1531


[huá] slip, slide, smooth, slippery; 滑冰 huábīng ice-skate

[fěi] to possess literary talent; 斐然 fěirán brilliant (of literature); 斐济 Fěijì Fiji
废(F 廢)
[fèi] waste

[jì] 寂寞 jìmò lonely; 寂静 jìjìng quiet (place); 沉寂 chénjì quiet

[yǒng] gush, pour, rise, surge; 汹涌 xiōngyǒng turbulent
1520 1521
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汉语语法 81/125 汉字

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详(F 詳)
[xiáng] 详细 xiángxì detailed; 端详 duānxiáng details; 安详 ānxiáng serene
[tāng] hot water, soup
[shāng] 汤汤 shāngshāng to flow turbulently
1538
汤(F 湯)
彻(F 徹)
[chè] 彻底 chèdǐ thorough; 贯彻 guànchè carry out, implement

[xuán] black, dark, profound, abstruse; 玄学 xuánxué metaphysics

[jīn] half a kilogram; 公斤 gōngjīn kilogram
轰(F 轟)
[hōng] bang, boom, rumble, bomb, attack, drive out; 轰轰烈烈 hōnghōnglièliè grand, spectacular

[jiān] treacherous, traitor; (F 姦) adultery; 强奸 qiángjiān rape
怜(F 憐)
[lián] 可怜 kělián poor, pitiful
1545

[duǒ] (=朵儿 duǒr) flower, <classifier for flowers, clouds etc.>; 一朵花 yì duǒ huā; 一朵云 [duo] 耳朵 ěrduo ear

[jiā] good, beautiful

[jiē] <slightly archaic> all, everyone
[niǎo] bird
[diǎo] (=屌)
{Compare with 乌 wu crow}
1548
鸟(F 鳥)

[bāng] nation, state, country; 城邦 chéngbāng city-state; 乌托邦 wūtuōbāng utopia

[fú] support with the hand, help
毁(F 毀)
[huǐ] destroy; 毁灭 huǐmiè exterminate
聪(F 聰)
[cōng] 聪明 cōngming clever, intelligent, bright
辩(F 辯)
[biàn] (辩论 biànlùn) debate, argue; 辩证 diagnosis

[píng] (=瓶子 píngzi) bottle
饿(F 餓)
[è] hungry
[shé] snake
[yí] 虚与委蛇 xūyǔwēiyí pretended interest and sympathy
1556

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[bǔ] catch; 逮捕 dàibǔ arrest

[bān] move; 搬家 move house
[Shěn] <family name>, liquid essence; (F 瀋) 沈阳 Shěnyáng; 墨沈未干 mòshěnwèigān "before the ink is dry" [chén] (=沉) to sink
1559

枫(F 楓)
[fēng] Chinese sweet gum (tree); maple

[jiù] 舅舅 jiùjiu uncle, mother's brother

[yōu] 幽静 secluded; 幽默 humor; 幽暗 gloomy; 幽灵 ghost

[mó] evil spirit, (=恶魔 èmó, =魔鬼 móguǐ) demon; 魔术 móshù magic

[qín] zither-like instrument; 钢琴 piano; 小提琴 violin
[zhèng] struggle; earn
[zhēng] 挣扎 zhēngzhá struggle
1565
挣(F 掙)

[pìn] engage; 聘请 pìnqǐng engage, invite
弯(F 彎)
[wān] curve, bend

[mù] (=坟墓 fénmù) grave, tomb

[qī] (=欺骗 qīpiàn) cheat, deceive, (=欺负 qīfu) bully

[wù] realize; 觉悟 consciousness; 孙悟空
蒋(F 蔣)
[Jiǎng] <family name>

[chén] high official, overseer, (=大臣 dàchén) minister

[fǎn] (=返回 fǎnhuí) return, go back
违(F 違)
[wéi] disobey, (=违反 wéifǎn, =违背 wéibèi) violate; 违法 wéifǎ break the law
亏(F 虧)
[kuī] lose (money); 吃亏 chīkuī suffer a loss, come to grief, treat unfairly; 幸亏 xìngkuī fortunately, luckily
丢(F 丟)
[diū] lose, misplace

[yuán] hold, help; 支援 zhīyuán support; 援助 yuánzhù help

[Hè] <family name>, hertz
汉语语法 83/125 汉字

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[Wèi] one of the Three Kingdoms, name of several dynasties, <family name>

[nài] be able to endure; 有耐心 yǒubàixīn patient; 不耐烦 bú nàifán impatient

[pèi] wear (at the waist), admire, pendant waist ornament; 佩服 pèifu admire; 敬佩 jìngpèi esteem

[suān] sour, acid
[méng] (联盟 liánméng) alliance, pact [míng] 盟誓 míngshì oath of alliance
1583

[pàng] fat, plump
[pán] <archaic> easy and comfortable


[shǎ] stupid, idiotic; 傻子 shǎzi, 傻瓜 shǎguā idiot
绕(F 繞)
[rào] wind, coil, move around; 围绕 wéirào surround
[hēng] groan, snort, hum [hng] humph


[Qín] the Qin Dynasty 221-207 B.C., <family name>

[qū] bend, submit, injustice; 屈服 qūfú surrender, yield; 委屈 wěiqu feel wronged, srong somebody

[rǔ] 侮辱 wǔrǔ insult, humiliate; 耻辱 chǐrǔ shame
[zuó] (=昨天 zuótiān) yesterday; 昨晚 zuówǎn yesterday evening {Compare with 咋 zǎ how}
1591


[shòu] thin, lean, frail, skinny
暂(F 暫)
[zàn] (=暂时 zànshí) temporary

[jiàn] arrow; 火箭 huǒjiàn rocket; 箭头 jiàntóu arrowhead

[shǔ] (=署名 shǔmíng, =签署 qiānshǔ) sign one's name; 部署 bùshǔ deploy

[fù] go to, attend
递(F 遞)
[dì] hand over, pass, give; 递交 dìjiāo deliver, hand on, present, submit

[cāi] guess; 猜想 cāixiǎng suppose
潜(F 潛)
[qián] 潜水艇 qiánshuǐtǐng submarine; 潜力 qiánlì latent ability
汉语语法 84/125 汉字

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鸿(F 鴻)
[hóng] (鸿雁 hóngyàn) swan, wild goose, vast
绩(F 績)
[jì] 成绩 grade, achievement; 功绩 merits and achievements
耀
[yào] shine, dazzle
[tú] spread on; 涂料 túliào coating
[tu] 糊涂 hútu muddled
[tū] 糊里八涂 húlibātū confused, muddle-headed
1603
涂(F 塗)

[gē] cut; 收割 shōugē to harvest

[dòu] bean; 豆腐 dòufu tofu; 大豆 dàdòu soybean; 豌豆 wāndòu pea
闷(F 悶)
[mēn] muffled (of sound), stuffy, cut off from air circulation [mèn] bored, depressed

[tíng] (=亭子 tíngzi) pavilion, kiosk

[xiáng] (=吉祥 jíxiáng) auspicious; 慈祥 cíxiáng kindly, mercy
励(F 勵)
[lì] 鼓励 gǔlì, 激励 jīlì encourage; 奖励 jiǎnglì reward

[yǔ] eaves, universe; 宇宙 yǔzhòu cosmos; 庙宇 miàoyǔ temple

[fàn] flood; 广泛 guǎngfàn wide, extensive; 泛滥 fànlàn overflow

[láng] wolf, greedy and cruel person; 狼狈 lángbèi in a difficult position

[huǐ] (=后悔 hòuhuǐ) regret, repent
[dā] put up, hang over, lift together
[dá] 搭茬儿 dáchár pursue another's utterance; 哪搭 nǎdá where, wherever
1614

舰(F 艦)
[jiàn] (=军舰 jūnjiàn) warship; 航空母舰 hángkōngmǔjiàn aircraft carrier

[fú] float
牵(F 牽)
[qiān] lead along (by hand, halter, etc.); 牵牛下地 qiānniú xià dì

[fú] 符合 fúhé conform to; 符号 fúhào mark, symbol
肃(F 肅)
[sù] 严肃 yánsù serious, solemn; 肃清 sùqīng eliminate

[nú] (=奴隶 núlì) slave
汉语语法 85/125 汉字

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[bào] (=爆炸 bàozhà) explode, (=爆发 bàofā) erupt, burst; 爆竹 bàozhú firecracker

[zǐ] elder sister; 姊妹 zǐmèi sisters

[yòu] young, children; 幼稚 yòuzhì childish; 幼儿 child
[jiā] press, squeeze, clip [jiá] lined (clothing)
[gā] 夹肢窝 gāzhiwō armpit
1624
夹(F 夾)

[yāo] (邀请 yāoqǐng) invite
疯(F 瘋)
[fēng] crazy

[yǔn] 允许 yǔnxǔ permit, allow
恼(F 惱)
[nǎo] 恼火 nǎohuǒ angry, annoyed

[zū] rent; 出租汽车 chūzūqìchē taxi

[yǐ] (椅子 yǐzi) chair
[chǐ] ruler, one-third of a meter; 英尺 yīngchǐ (English) foot [chě] 工尺 gōngchě traditional Chinese musical notation
1631


[shì] 侍候 shìhòu wait upon, look after

[fǔ] rotten; 豆腐 tofu; 腐蚀 corrode; 腐败 corrupt
[chàn] quiver; 颤抖 chàndǒu tremble; 颤动 chàndòng vibrate [zhàn] tremble, shudder
1634
颤(F 顫)
1635

[niǔ] twist, turn around, seize; 别扭 bièniu awkward [niū] 吱扭 zīniū squeak
[fěi] 菲薄 fēibó humble
[fēi] luxuriant; 菲律宾 Fěilǜbīn Philippines
1636

[wǎ] tile; (瓦特 wǎtè) Watt
[wà] to tile a roof
[wā] 蓝瓦瓦 lánwāwā dazzling blue
1637


[cā] rub, wipe, scrape
1638
汉语语法 86/125 汉字

[là] spicy; 辣椒 làjiāo hot pepper; 毒辣 dúlà sinister
[lā] 热辣辣 rèlālā burning hot, impassioned, passionate
1639


[zòu] play music; 演奏 yǎnzòu perform music; 节奏 jiézòu rhythm
[yīn] rich, <family name>
[yān] (=殷红 yānhóng) blackish red, dark red
1641

1642

[mái] bury, cover up
[mán] 埋怨 mányuàn blame, complain

[shuāi] fall down; 摔交 shuāijiāo wrestling

[pàn] look, (=盼望 pànwàng) hope for, look forward to
[yín] chant, recite
[yīn] 笑吟吟 xiàoyīnyīn smilingly
1645


[dù] cross a river/sea/etc., tide over, ferry across; 渡船 dùchuán ferry

[shān] (=衬衫 chènshān) shirt

[kuà] step, stride, straddle, go beyond

[zuì] drunk
艰(F 艱)
[jiān] (=艰难 jiānnán) difficult, (=艰苦 jiānkǔ) arduous

[yǎn] hide, sneak attack; 掩护 yǎnhù to shield; 掩盖 yǎngài conceal
[hé] lotus; 荷花 héhuā lotus flower [hè] carry, load
1652

苍(F 蒼)
[cāng] dark green or blue; 苍天 blue sky; 苍松 green pine; 苍蝇 cāngying fly, mosquito; 苍白 cāngbái pale, lifeless, grayish
1654

[xuán] spin; 旋转 xuánzhuǎn rotate [xuàn] whirl, lathe

[jiē] uncover

[sāng] mulberry tree; 桑蚕 sāngcán silkworm; 桑叶 sāngyè mulberry leaves

[zhàng] battle, war; 打仗 dǎzhàng wage a war, fight a battle
莲(F 蓮)
[lián] lotus, water lilly
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汉语语法 87/125 汉字

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钻(F 鑽)
[zuān] drill, get into, study
[zuàn] drill, auger, diamond, watch jewel

[hóng] 宏伟 hóngwěi magnificient; 宏大 hóngdà great; 宏观 hóngguān macroscopic

[huàn] unreal, imaginary, magical; 科幻小说 kēhuàn xiàoshuō science fiction novel

[rèn] (=刀刃 dāorèn) sharp edge of knife or sword, kill with knife or sword
峡(F 峽)
[xiá] (=峡谷 xiágǔ) gorge, canyon; 海峡 hǎixiá strait, channel; 三峡 Sān Xiá the Three Gorges of the Yangtze river
辽(F 遼)
[liáo] 辽阔 liáokuò vast, extensive; 辽宁 Liáoníng (a province)

[wá] (娃娃 wáwa) baby
凯(F 凱)
[kǎi] 凯歌 kǎigē song of triumph

[huàn] worry, anxiety, disaster; 患病 huànbìng fall ill

[zhàng] barrier, obstacle, (=障碍 zhàng'ài) obstruct; 保障 bǎozhàng ensure

[gài] (=乞丐 qǐgài) beggar

[héng] weighing equipment, (=衡量 héngliang) weigh, measure, judge
[māo] cat; 熊猫 xióngmāo panda; 猫头鹰 māotóuyīng owl [máo] 猫腰 máoyāo stoop, crouch
1671
猫(F 貓)

[chǒu] second Earthly Branch, a clown in an opera, <faily name>; (F 醜) 丑陋 chǒulòu ugly, disgraceful, scandalous
涛(F 濤)
[tāo] great waves

[nuǎn] warm up, (=温暖 wēnnuǎn) warm; 暖和 nuǎnhuo nice and warm

[liū] slide, sneak away [liù] swift current of water
锅(F 鍋)
[guō] pot, wok, frying pan; 锅贴 guōtiē pot sticker

[nài] what?, how?; 无可奈何 wúkěnàihé have no alternative
罚(F 罰)
[fá] (=惩罚 chéngfá) punish, (=罚款 fákuǎn) penalty
[shí] pick up from the ground, ten (=十 shí); 收拾 shōushi put in order [shè] 拾级 shèjí climb stairs
1679

汉语语法 88/125 汉字

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浓(F 濃)
[nóng] dense, thick, concentrated; 浓度 nóngdù consistency
键(F 鍵)
[jiàn] key; 键盘 jiànpán keyboard (piano or typewriter)
1682
脉(F 脈)
[mài] vein, pulse; 山脉 shānmài mountain range [mò] 脉脉 mòmò lovingly
锁(F 鎖)
[suǒ] lock
邻(F 鄰)

[lín] (=邻居 línjū) neighbor
[chòu] stinking [xiù] sniff, smell

[fāng] perfume, (=芳香 fāngxiāng) fragrant; 芳龄 fānglíng age (when speaking of a young woman)

[chuí] hang down, droop; 垂直 chúizhí vertical, perpendicular

[zhuō] clutch, grasp, catch; 捉迷藏 zhuō mícáng to play "hide-and-seek"

[huī] 恢复 huīfù recover, restore

[mǔ] nurse

[kǎn] cut, chop, hack; 砍柴 kǎnchái cut firewood
驾(F 駕)
[jià] (驾驶 jiàshǐ) drive, fly, sail; 劳驾 láojià excuse me...

[gōng] respect; 恭贺新禧 gōnghèxīnxǐ Happy New Year
[āi] get close to, be next to, in sequence [ái] suffer

祸(F 禍)
[huò] misfortune

[Cáo] <family name>

[cí] 慈祥 cíxiáng kindly; 慈爱 cí'ài love, kindness; 慈悲 cíbēi mercy

[dǒu] (=发抖 fādǒu, =颤抖 chàndǒu) shiver, tremble

[quán] spring, (=喷泉 pēnquán) fountain; 源泉 yuánquán source
览(F 覽)
[lǎn] 展览 zhǎnlǎn exhibition; 游览 yóulǎn go sightseeing
汉语语法 89/125 汉字

1701

[ào] bay, inlet (used in place names); 澳门 Aomen; 澳大利亚
[zāng] (F 髒) dirty
[zàng] (F 臟) 心脏 xīnzàng heart
1702


[téng] sore, painful
铜(F 銅)
[tóng] copper (Cu); 青铜 qīngtóng bronze

[xiū] (=羞耻 xiūchǐ) shame, shy; 羞愧 xiūkuì feel ashamed
[dàng] shelves; 档案 dàng'àn files, archives
[dǎng] 骂档子 mà dǎngzi target of scolding; 逻辑档 luójidǎng logical data files
1706
档(F 檔)
抛(F 拋)
[pāo] throw; 抛弃 pāoqì abandon; 抛锚 pāomáo drop anchor

[miáo] seedling, young plant, vaccination; 火苗 huǒmiáo flame
1708

[huò] 疑惑 yíhuò uncertain [huo] 迷惑 míhuo perplex

[féi] (=肥胖) fat, fertile, (=肥料) fertilizer; 肥皂 féizào soap
驱(F 驅)
[qū] 驱逐 qūzhú drive out, expel
窝(F 窩)
[wō] nest; 窝棚 wōpeng shack
裤(F 褲)
[kù] (=裤子) pants
[gū] 估计 gūjì estimate, guess
[gù] 估衣 gùyi secondhand clothes
1714


[bāo] womb, placenta; 细胞 xìbāo cell

[bǐng] handle
阔(F 闊)
[kuò] wide; 广阔 guǎngkuò vast; 宽阔 kuānkuò broad; 辽阔 liáokuò extensive

[dù] <family name>; 杜鹃 dùjuān cuckoo, azalea; 杜绝 dùjué stop, cut off

[qín] (勤劳 qínláo) diligent, hardworking

[zhōu] boat, ship

[mào] (=帽子 màozi) hat, headgear, cap
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汉语语法 90/125 汉字

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玛(F 瑪)
[mǎ] 玛瑙 mǎnǎo agate; 玛雅 Mǎyǎ Maya

[chè] remove, take away, withdraw, evacuate
频(F 頻)
[pín] frequently; 频率 pínlǜ frequency
[chán] meditation, Zen, Dhyana [shàn] 禅让 shànràng abdicate
1725
禅(F 禪)

[kē] <archaic> stalk, branch, <family name>
莱(F 萊)
[lái] 莱菔 láifú radish; 文莱 Wénlái Brunei

[kān] may, endure; 不堪 bùkān can't stand; 难堪 nánkān intolerable

[cùn] inch

[āi] grief; 悲哀 sorrowful; 哀求 āiqiú entreat, implore

[xióng] bear, <family name>; 熊猫 xióngmāo panda

[fù] belly, stomach, abdomen; 腹地 hinterland
尝(F 嘗)
[cháng] taste

[qiāo] knock, strike; 敲门 qiāo mén knock on a door; 敲锣 qiāo luó beat a gong

[bó] suddenly; 勃勃 bóbó vigorous

[xún] patrol; 巡视 xúnshì make a tour of inspection
盗(F 盜)
[dào] (=盗窃 dàoqiè) steal; 强盗 qiángdào robber
筹(F 籌)
[chóu] chip, counter, prepare, plan

[kòu] button up; 纽扣儿 niǔkòur button; 扣子 kòuzi knot, button

[chí] pond, <family name>, (=池塘 chítáng) pool; 游泳池 yóuyǒngchí swimming pool; 电池 diànchí battery
浅(F 淺)
[qiǎn] shallow, light

[chái] firewood; 火柴 huǒchái match; 柴油 cháiyóu diesel oil

[āi] dust, angstrom; 埃及 Aījí Egypt
汉语语法 91/125 汉字

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[jià] marry (referring to a woman)

[méi] <classifier for small objects, coins, etc.>

[xī] scarce, watery; 稀饭 xīfàn rice porridge, rice soup

[diāo] vulture, (=雕刻 diāokè) carve, engrave; 浮雕 fúdiāo relief sculpture
1748
厌(F 厭)
[yàn] (=讨厌 tǎoyàn, =厌恶 yànwù) detest; 厌烦 yànfán boring [yān] (=恹 yān) 恹恹 yānyān weak and weary thrugh illness

[guā] melon, gourd; 西瓜 xīguā watermelon; 傻瓜 shǎguā idiot; 黄瓜 huánggua cucumber
寿(F 壽)
[shòu] longevity; 寿命 shòumìng life-span

[diē] fall, tumble

[chě] pull, tear, chat

[dǒng] director; 古董 gǔdǒng antique
锦(F 錦)
[jǐn] brocade; 什锦 shíjǐn fancy; 素什锦 sùshíjǐn assorted vegetables
1755
鉴(F 鑒)
[jiàn] reflect, mirror, inspect, examine, take as a lesson, ancient bronze mirror, warning, object lesson; 鉴定 jiàndìng appraise; 借 鉴 jièjiàn draw lessons from
[shuā] brush, to brush, to paint, swish
[shuà] 刷选 shuàxuǎn choose, pick, select; 刷白 shuàbái white, pale, brush over
1756

趋(F 趨)
[qū] walk fast, hurry, (=趋向 qūxiàng) tend, incline to; 趋势 qūshì tendency

[juān] contribute, relinquish, tax

[ào] (骄傲 jiāo'ào) proud, arrogant
贯(F 貫)
[guàn] 贯彻 guànchè carry out; 一贯 yíguàn consistent
殿
[diàn] hall, palace
拨(F 撥)
[bō] poke, turn, stir; 拨钟 bōzhōng set a clock; 拨电话 bō diànhuà dial a phone
逊(F 遜)
[xùn] 谦逊 qiānxùn modest

[tī] kick; 踢足球 tī zúqiú play football
汉语语法 92/125 汉字

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赔(F 賠)
[péi] compensate, pay for, lose money; 赔不是 péi bùshi apologize
姿
[zī] appearance, gesture, (=姿势 zīshì, =姿态 zītài) posture
迁(F 遷)
[qiān] move, change; 变迁 biànqiān changes; 迁就 qiānjiù yield to

[lí] mulititude, <family name>; 黎明 límíng daybreak

[jì] sacrifice; 祭器 jìqì sacrificial utensil

[dī] drip, drop
袭(F 襲)
[xí] make a surprise attack, carry on as before

[huāng] flustered, confused; 慌忙 huāngmáng in a flurry

[biān] whip

[máng] 茫茫 mángmáng vast, boundless and indistinct

[féng] meet

[tú] butcher, kill

[kūn] 昆虫 kūnchóng insect; 昆明 Kūnmíng
[bǎi] (=柏树 bǎishù) cypress
[Bó] 柏林 Bólín Berlin
[bò] (=檗) 黄柏 huángbò the bark of a cork tree, golden cypress
1778

驶(F 駛)
[shǐ] sail, move along quickly (speaking fo vehicles), (=驾驶 jiàshǐ) drive

[fù] 吩咐 fēnfù tell, instruct; 嘱咐 zhǔfu enjoin, tell

[zhí] to plant; 植物 zhíwù plant
惧(F 懼)
[jù] fear, dread
纽(F 紐)
[niǔ] 纽扣儿 niǔkòur button, knob, handle, tie

[jié] 敏捷 mǐnjié quick, agile; 轻捷 qīngjié nimble, spry

[zhèn] irrigation ditch; 深圳 Shēnzhèn (place name)
汉语语法 93/125 汉字

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[shēng] 牺牲 xīshēng sacrifice; 牲口 shēngkou beasts of burden
踪(F 蹤)
[zōng] 跟踪 gēnzōng follow closely; 失踪 shīzōng be missing; 踪迹 zōngjì trace
丛(F 叢)
[cóng] crowd; 丛书 cóngshū series of books; 丛林 cónglín jungle

[mò] 沙漠 shāmò desert; 漠然 mòrán apathetically
锐(F 銳)
[ruì] 尖锐 jiānruì sharp pointed, acute; 锐利 ruìlì sharp, keen
[lǎ] 喇叭 lǎba musical wind instrument; 喇嘛 lǎma lama
[lā] 喇喇 lāla drip (water/etc.); 哗啦 huālā sound of rustling/crashing/etc. [lá] 哈喇子 hālázi saliva; 咋喇 zhālá harangue, shoot off the mouth
1791

1792

[qián] heaven; 乾道 qiándào ways of heaven, natural law; 乾坤 qiánkūn heaven and earth, the universe [gān] (S 干) dry, hollow

[huò] suddenly
湿(F 濕)
[shī] moist
睁(F 睜)
[zhēng] open the eyes
1796

[zǐ] 仔细 zǐxì careful
[zǎi] young animal
[zī] 仔肩 zījiān burdens, responsibility
1797

[chǎo] make noise
[chāo] 吵吵 chāochao make noise

[yōu] long, drawn-out, leisurely; 悠久 yōujiǔ age-old
沟(F 溝)
[gōu] gulley, trench

[mò] ink stick, (=墨水 mòshuǐ) ink; 墨子 Mòzǐ (a philosopher)

[chuàn] string together, bunch, cluster; 羊肉串 yángròuchuàn sheep meat kebab
[jù] all; 俱乐部 jùlèbù club [jū] together
1802


[táo] pottery; 陶瓷 táocí ceramics
贡(F 貢)
[gòng] 贡献 gòngxiàn contribute
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浑(F 渾)
[hún] 浑身 húnshēn from head to foot, all over
赢(F 贏)
[yíng] win

[pì] flatulence, fart, nonsence, rubbish, (=屁股 pìgu) buttocks
驰(F 馳)
[chí] gallop, speed, spread; 驰名 chímíng well-known

[bàng] stick, bat, excellent; 棒球 bàngqiú baseball

[pǐ] <classifier for horses, mules, bolts of cloth, etc.>; 三匹马 sān pǐ mǎ three horses

[pīn] (拼凑 pīncòu) piece together; 拼音 pīnyīn; 拼写 pǐnxiě spell, transliterate
恒(F 恆)
[héng] permanent
[xié] evil, <interrogative sentence final particle> [yé] (=耶 yé) <interrogative particle>
1813


[cuì] brittle, crisp; 干脆 gāncuì simply; 清脆 qīngcuì clear; 脆弱 cuìruò fragile

[zāo] rotten; 糟糕 zāogāo bad luck! 糟踏 zāota waste, spoil

[bàn] dress up as, disguise as; put on an expression
贤(F 賢)
[xián] 贤惠 xiánhuì virtuous and dutiful (woman); 贤人 xiánrén virtuous person
饰(F 飾)
[shì] decoration, dress up, impersonate
偿(F 償)
[cháng] repay, (=赔偿 péicháng) compensate, pay for
[chāi] take apart, dismantle [cā] 〈collquial〉 excrete
1820

缠(F 纏)
[chán] to wind, tie up, tangle, bother
摄(F 攝)
[shè] absorb, photograph; 拍摄 pāishè take a picture
拟(F 擬)
[nǐ] (=拟定 nǐdìng) draft; 比拟 bǐnǐ comparison; 模拟 mónǐ imitate

[zī] 滋味 zīwèi flavor; 滋长 zīzhǎng grow

[hēi] hey

[zhǐ] 意旨 yìzhǐ intention
汉语语法 95/125 汉字

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闯(F 闖)
[chuǎng] rush, charge
贺(F 賀)
[hè] 祝贺 zhùhè congratulate; 庆贺 qìnghè celebrate

缝(F 縫)
[cuì] emerald green; 翠鸟 cuìniǎo kingfisher
[féng] sew
[fèng] seam, crack
饱(F 飽)
[bǎo] full (after meal)

[jié] rob, disaster
抚(F 撫)
[fǔ] pat, soothe, foster; 抚摸 fǔmō stroke

[wā] dig, excavate
[cè] book; 手册 shǒucè handbook; 地图册 dìtúcè atlas {Compare with 丽 lì beautiful and 朋 péng friend}
1835
册(F 冊)

[pàn] 叛徒 pàntú traitor
[xiào] 肖像 xiàoxiàng portrait [Xiāo] <family name>
1837


[xī] splendid, (=缉熙 jīxī) bright, brilliand; 康熙字典 Kāngxī Zìdiǎn Kangxi dictionary (1716 A.D.)
炼(F 煉)
[liàn] smelt, refine, temper metal; 锻炼 duànliàn exercise
宪(F 憲)
[xiàn] 宪法 xiànfǎ constitution; 宪兵 xiànbīng military police
庙(F 廟)
[miào] temple

[bì] green jade, bluish green; 碧绿 dark green; 碧蓝 dark blue; 雪碧 Xuěbì "7up", "Sprite"

[hé] (=盒子 hézi) box
谊(F 誼)
[yì] 友谊 yǒuyì friendship
储(F 儲)
[chǔ] 储量 chǔliàng reserves; 存储 cúnchǔ memory
[píng] swift-running horse [Féng] <family name>
冯(F 馮)
唤(F 喚)
[huàn] (=叫唤 jiàohuan) call out
汉语语法 96/125 汉字

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贪(F 貪)
[tān] corrupt; 贪心 tānxīn greedy
卧(F 臥)
[wò] lie down; 卧室 wòshì bedroom

[yì] wing
扰(F 擾)
[rǎo] harass, bother, trouble; 扰乱 rǎoluàn disturb
胁(F 脅)
[xié] upper part of side of person's body, coerce

[guì] kneel

[bēi] upright stone tablet (monument, etc); 墓碑 mùbēi tombstone

[hē] breathe out (mouth open), scold; 呵欠 hēqiàn yawn

[tián] sweet; 甜菜 tiáncài beet
1857

[sǎ] (F 灑) sprinkle
[xiǎn] 洒如 xiǎnrú respectful, deferential; (F 灑) 洒然 xiǎnrán alarmed, surprised, shocked, frightened, cold
谱(F 譜)
[pǔ] table, chart, manual, music score, (=谱写 pǔxiě) compose (music etc.)
[shā] (used in names)
[suō] 摩莎 mósuō stroke, caress
1859


[nuó] 婀娜 ēnuó graceful (woman)
阁(F 閣)
[gé] pavilion, cabinet

[yōng] usual, ordinary; 中庸 Zhōngōng Doctrine of the Golden Mean
鹏(F 鵬)
[péng] roc (a giant mythical bird)

[fù] (=覆盖 fùgài) cover; 顛覆 diānfù subvert; (S 复) 反覆 fǎnfù repeatedly, again and again

[líng] 玲珑 línglóng clever and nimble

[hóu] marquis, <family name>
[mā] slip something off, 〈colloquial〉 wipe
[mǒ] apply, smear, brush/wipe off, exclude, play (cards/etc.); 抹布 mǒbù cloth, rag; 抹杀 mǒshā obliterate [mò] daub, plaster, skirt, bypass
1867

卢(F 盧)
[Lú] <family name>; 觚卢 gūlú calabash
汉语语法 97/125 汉字

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碍(F 礙)
[ài] 障碍 zhàng'ài get in the way; 妨碍 fáng'ài hinder
[zōng] 综合 zōnghé synthesize [zèng] heddle
1870
综(F 綜)

[qiū] mound, grave; 丘陵 qiūlíng hills; 沙丘 shāqiū dune
1872
晕(F 暈)
[yūn] faint, swoon; 头晕 tóuyūn dizzy
[yùn] dizzy, faint, halo; 红晕 hóngyùn blush
拦(F 攔)
[lán] block the way

[rán] (燃烧 ránshāo) burn; 燃料 ránliào fuel

[chāng] prosperous

[tūn] swallow, gulp down, annex; 吞没 tūnmò embezzle

[xián] suspicion, dislike

[Dí] <family name>

[yā] pawn, detain; 押送 yāsòng send under escort; 押韵 yāyùn rhyme
[shé] (=舌头 shétou) tongue {Compare with 古 gǔ ancient}
1880


[lín] <archaic> beautiful jade
雾(F 霧)
[wù] fog; 烟雾 yānwù smoke, mist

[màn] prolonged, graceful
耻(F 恥)
[chǐ] (=耻辱 chǐrǔ) shame, humiliation; 可耻 kěchǐ shameful; 无耻 wǔchǐ shameless
1885

[guì] (F 櫃) (=柜子 guìzi) cabinet; 柜台 guìtái counter; 掌柜 zhǎngguì shopkeeper [jǔ] 柜柳 jǔliǔ tree of the willow family,large tree good for making furniture/etc.
摊(F 攤)
[tān] spread out, unfold, take a share in, vendor's stall
[xuē] 剥削 bōxuē to exploit [xiāo] 切削 qiēxiāo cut
1887


[qī] 亲戚 qīnqī relative; 休戚 xiū-qī joy and sorrow
汉语语法 98/125 汉字

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[gān] pole
[gǎn] (F 桿) shaft


[yán] rock, cliff; 岩石 yánshí rock; 砂岩 shāyán sandstone; 熔岩 róngyán melted rock = lava

[wèi] hey, hello, (=喂养 wèiyǎng) feed, raise

[rēng] throw, toss; 扔球 rēngqiú throw a ball (compare with 接球 jiēqiu catch a ball)

[shì] 逝世 shìshì pass away, die; 消逝 xiāoshì fade away, elapse
诞(F 誕)
[dàn] 诞生 dànshēng be born; 圣诞节 Shèngdànjié Christmas
悬(F 懸)
[xuán] hang, unresolved, worry; 悬崖 xuányá cliff

[shuǎng] 爽朗 shuǎnglǎng bright, clear, frank; 凉爽 liángshuǎng pleasantly cool

[cuī] <family name>; 崔嵬 cuīwéi rocky mound, otwering; 崔巍 cuīwēi lofty, towering

[tíng] royal court
凑(F 湊)
[còu] gather together, happen by chance

[chī] idiotic; 痴心 infatuation

[pén] basin, tub, pot; 盆地 péndì basin (of land)

[yù] imperial; (F 禦) 防御 fángyù defense; 抵御 dǐyù resist

[kù] (=残酷 cánkù) cruel, <slang> cool
1904

[ài] Chinese mugwort; 艾绒 àiróng moxa [yì] 怨艾 yuànyì resentment
[ài] <interjection indicating sentiment/sympathy/disappointment> oh! [āi] yes?

[lǎo] 姥姥 lǎolao <colloquial> maternal grandmother [mǔ] <archaic> old lady
1906

[lóng] (=笼子 lóngzi) cage, coop [lǒng] 笼罩 lǒngzhào shroud, envelop
1907
笼(F 籠)
颠(F 顛)
[diān] jolt, fall, summit; 颠倒 diāndǎo turn upside down
1890
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汉语语法 99/125 汉字

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[yīn] marriage; 婚姻 hūnyīn marriage, realated by marriage
携(F 攜)
[xié] (携带 xiédài) carry, take along; 携手 xiéshǒu hand in hand

[kuì] (惭愧 cánkuì) ashamed

[fēn] fragrance; 芬芳 fēnfāng fragrant; 芬兰 Fēnlán Finland

[mù] 静穆 jīngmù solemn and quiet, <family name>; 穆罕默德 Mǔhǎnmòdé Mohammed
1914

[shàn] a fan, slap, <classifier for doors etc.>; 一扇门 yí shàn mén [shān] to fan, slap, incite

[yù] <family name>; fragrant; elegant; (F 鬱) luxuriant; 忧郁 yōuyù melancholy
掷(F 擲)
[zhì] throw, cast
[zhēng] terrified, panic-stricken [zhèng] 發怔 fāzhèng stare blankly
1917

1918

[xīn] rush pith
[xìn] 岩芯 yánxìn core

[shǔ] (=老鼠 lǎoshǔ) mouse, rat; 鼠年 shūnián year of Rat = 1st year
纠(F 糾)
[jiū] 纠正 jiūzhèng rectify; 纠缠 jiūchán get entangled

[jiāng] 边疆 biānjiāng border region; 新疆 Xīnjiāng
[yuē] say
{Compare with 日 rì sun}
1922


[fù] 师傅 shīfu master (term of respect)

[páo] (=袍子 páozi) robe, gown

[chún] (=嘴唇 zuǐchún) lip; 唇膏 chúngāo lipstick
稣(F 穌)
[sū] revive, come to; 耶稣 Yēsū Jesus

[pěng] hold, carry in both hands; 捧着一个西瓜 pěngzhe yí gè xīguā carrying a watermelon
[gōu] cross out, evoke, gang up with [gòu] 勾当 gòudang shady deal/business
1928


[mù] herd, tend; 牧场 mùchǎng grazing land, pasture; 牧民 mùmín herdsman, govern the people
汉语语法 100/125 汉字

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[rú] Confucianism, scholar; 儒家 Rújiā Confucianists; 儒林 Rúlín (Confucian) scholars

[kǎi] 慷慨 kāngkǎi generous, vehement

[jīn] tendon, muscle, fiber; 脑筋 nǎojīn brains, mind, head; 橡皮筋 xiàngpíjīn rubber band

[zhù] pillar, post, cylinder

[bēi] low, inferior, modest, humble; 卑鄙 bēibǐ base, despicable, vulgar; 卑劣 bēiliè despicable
[yàn] to swallow
[yān] pharynx
[yè] 呜咽 wūyè sob, whimper
1935

吨(F 噸)
[dūn] <loan> ton, 〈slang〉 one thousand yuan (RMB)
虫(F 蟲)
[chóng] worm, insect; 爬虫 páchóng reptile; 书虫 shūchóng bookworm
绳(F 繩)
[shéng] (=绳子 shéngzi, =绳索 shéngsuǒ) rope, cord
厨(F 廚)
[chú] 厨房 chúfáng kitchen

[yuān] injustice; 冤枉 yuānwang do wrong, treat unjustly
涨(F 漲)
[zhǎng] rise, go up [zhàng] swell
皱(F 皺)
[zhòu] to wrinkle; 皱纹 zhòuwén wrinkles

[pí] 疲劳 píláo exhausted, fatigued; 疲倦 píjuàn tired
赌(F 賭)
[dǔ] gamble, bet
饶(F 饒)
[ráo] rich, plentiful, have mercy, give extra
矿(F 礦)
[kuàng] (=矿石 kuàngshí) ore; (矿山 kuàngshān) mine; 矿物 kuàngwù mineral
[chàng] smooth, free; 舒畅 shūchàng happy, worry-free; 畅快 chàngkuài cheerfull, carefree; 畅通 chàngtōng unimpeded, unblocked
1947
畅(F 暢)

[méi] coal; 煤油 méiyóu kerosene

[wàn] (=手腕 shǒuwàn) wrist; 腿腕子 tuǐwànzi ankle
汉语语法 101/125 汉字

1950
[pēn] spurt, spray; 打喷嚏 dǎ pēntì sneeze [pèn] crop, in season, high season
喷(F 噴)

[qiǎn] 派遣 pàiqiǎn send, dispatch; 先遣 xiānqiǎn sent in advance

[hào] 浩荡 hàodàng vast, mighty; 浩大 hàodà huge

[wēng] old man, <family name>

[zī] 咨询 zīxún consult, seek advice from
镖(F 鏢)
[biāo] dartlike weapon; 保镖 bǎobiāo bodyguard
[píng] 屏幕 píngmù screen
[bǐng] 屏息 bǐngxī hold breath
[bīng] 屏营 bīngyíng with fear and trepidation
1956

[zhòng] second, middle (of 3 months or brothers); 仲春 zhòngchūn 2nd month of spring, middle of spring; 仲兄 zhòngxiōng 2nd eldest brother
1957


[xī] exclamation of surprise, Alas!, My! (=嘻嘻 xīxī) sound of giggling

[fēn] 吩咐 fēnfù tell, instruct

[mián] cotton

[mèng] eldest son, first month of season, <family name>
撑(F 撐)
[chēng] prop up, support, keep up, fill to bursting
炉(F 爐)
[lú] (=炉子 lúzi) stove, oven, furnace
[xiè] leak, drain, divulge, release
[yì] 泄沓 yìtà garrulous and disorderly, easygoing
1964


[zàng] (=埋葬 máizàng) bury (the dead); 葬礼 zànglǐ funeral

[sōu] search; 搜集 sōují collect; 搜查 sōuchá search; 搜索 sōusuǒ look for

[tiān] add, increase

[zūn] obey; 遵守 zūnshǒu comply with; 遵照 zūnzhào obey, conform to

[dí] <archaic> enlighten, guide
1951
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汉语语法 102/125 汉字

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伪(F 偽)
[wěi] false, fake; 虚伪 xūwěi false, hypocritical; 伪币 wěibì counterfeit money

[zhào] omen, million, mega

[qiàn] owe, lack, lean forward; 哈欠 hāqiàn yawn
谅(F 諒)
[liàng] (=原谅 yuánliàng) forgive

[yán] (=炎热 yánrè) burning hot, (=发炎 fāyán) inflammation

[fēn] 气氛 qìfēn atmosphere

[zhàng] cane, caning, flogging, (=手杖 shǒuzhàng) staff, walking stick

[xiā] become blind, pointlessly; 瞎子 xiāzi blind person
钓(F 釣)
[diào] (=钓鱼 diàoyú) to fish; 钓钩 diàogōu fishing hook
肠(F 腸)
[cháng] intestine

[pī] drape over one's shoulders, open
[bāo] shell, peel
[bō] 剥削 bōxuē exploitation
1981
剥(F 剝)

[shì] (=发誓 fāshì) swear; 誓言 shìyán oath
赚(F 賺)
[zhuàn] gain, profit [zuàn] cheat

[yì] labor, required service, (=战役 zhànyì) battle; 兵役 bīngyì military service; 奴役 núyì enslave
[pào] soak, bubble; 泡菜 pàocài pickle; 泡沫 pàomò foam [pāo] spongy
1985


[nì] go against, disobey, be contrary to; 汉英逆引词典 Hanyǔ nì yǐn cídiǎn Reverse Chinese-English dictionary

[ǎi] short (not tall), low; 矮子 ǎizi dwarf

[diào] hang, lift up, let down with rope, crane, mourn, revoke

[tián] fill, stuff, fill in (form)

[jiā] good, fine, praise
汉语语法 103/125 汉字

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烛(F 燭)
[zhú] 蜡烛 làzhú candle
[shà] 大厦 dàshà tall building, mansion [Xià] 厦门 Xiàmén Amoy
1992
厦(F 廈)

[xī] evening, sunset; 夕阳 xīyáng the setting sun
[shuāi] 衰弱 shuāiruò weak, feeble; 衰老 shuāilǎo decrepit; 衰退 shuāituì fail, decline [cuī] 等衰 děngcuī rank, grade
1994


[yè] fluid, (=液体 yètǐ) liquid

[Xuē] <family name>
1997

[pū] fall forward; 颠仆 diānpū fall (down), fall into disgrace [pú] (F 僕) 仆人 púrén servant
迈(F 邁)
[mài] step, stride, old
齿(F 齒)
[chǐ] (=牙齿 yáchǐ) tooth
谨(F 謹)
[jǐn] (=谨慎 jǐnshèn) cautious, sincerely

[chéng] to present; 呈现 chéngxiàn appear; 呈报 chéngbào submit a report

[áng] (=昂首 ángshǒu) hold one's head high, high, soaring

[chāo] copy search and confiscate; 抄写 chāoxiě transcribe
弥(F 彌)
[mí] 弥漫 mímiàn fill the air; 弥补 míbǔ make up for, remedy

[kě] (=口渴 kǒukě) thirsty; 渴望 kěwàng thirst for, long for

[tī] (=梯子 tīzi) ladder, (=楼梯 lóutī) stairs

[shū] sparse, scanty; 疏忽 shūhu carelessness

[hào] (=消耗 xiāohào, =耗费 hàofèi) consume; 耗子 hàozi mouse, rat

[dèng] open (one's eyes) wide, stare, glare; 瞪眼 dèngyǎn stare, stare down

[chì] 排斥 páichì reject; 驳斥 bóchì refute, denounce, reject, 斥责 chìzé denounce
夸(F 誇)
[kuā] brag; 夸大 kuādà exaggerate
汉语语法 104/125 汉字

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[dì] stem of a fruid; 烟蒂 yāndì cigarette butt; 阴蒂 yīndì clitoris

[jiǎn] (=剪刀 jiǎndāo) scissors

[qǔ] marry (a woman), take a wife, get married

[hén] 痕迹 hénjì mark, trace, vestige; 伤痕 shānghén scar

[fú] <archaic> not

[Yáo] <family name>
债(F 債)
[zhài] debt

[tuǒ] appropriate, ready

[lí] 玻璃 bōli glass; 琉璃 liúlí coloured glaze

[tāo] pull out, fish out (from pocket, etc.), dig
[shā] (=刹车) brake, stop
[chà] 刹那 chànà instant, split second
2022
刹(F 剎)

[jīng] bright; 水晶 shuǐjīng (rock) crystal; 晶体管 jīngtǐguǎn transistor; 晶营 jīngyíng sparkling

[zhōng] inner feelings, middle; 衷心 zhōngxīn wholehearted; 无动于衷 wú dòng yú zhōng indifferent, unconcerned
肤(F 膚)
[fū] (=皮肤 pífu) skin; 肤色 fūsè color of skin
鹿
[lù] deer

[tà] make rubbings from stone/bronze [tuò] open up, develop

[zhuó] tall, <family name>, (=卓越 zhuóyuè) outstanding
2029
症(F 癥)
[zhèng] disease; 健忘症 jiànwàngzhèng amnesia
[zhēng] 症结 zhēngjié crucial reason, obstruction of the bowels

[táng] sugar, (=糖果 tángguǒ) candy; 糖醋 tángcù sweet and sour
钦(F 欽)
[qīn] by the emperor himself, respect, (=钦佩 qīnpèi) admire; 钦差 qīnchāi imperial envoy
[mián] 连绵 unbroken; 海绵 sponge [miān] 软绵绵 soft
2032
绵(F 綿)
汉语语法 105/125 汉字

2033
[lī] <used as for sound value> [lǐ] (=英里 Yīnglǐ) Britittish mile

诱(F 誘)
[yòu] guide, lead, lure

[kū] withered, dried up, dull

[xiē] have a rest; 间歇 jiànxiē intermission

[sù] model, mould; 塑料 sùliào plastic; 塑像 sùxiàng statue

[fáng] (=妨碍 fáng'ài) hinder, impede, harm; 不妨 bùfáng might as well, no harm in...

[yù] short name for Henan; 犹豫 yóuyù hesitate

[yì] press down, restrain; 抑制 yìzhì restrain, inhibition

[shān] 珊瑚 shānhú coral; 珊瑚礁 shānhújiāo coral reef

[gùn] (棍子) rod, stick; 拐棍 guǎigùn walking stick
晋(F 晉)
[jìn] enter, advance, promote, a dynasty (265-420), <family name>, short name for Shanxi province
2044

[lín] pour, drench; 冰淇淋 bīngqilín ice cream [lìn] strain, filter
[līn] 湿淋淋 shīlīnlīn drenched
悦(F 悅)
[yuè] (=喜悦 xǐyuè) happy, joyful, delighted
[dūn] 敦厚 dūnhòu honest, sincere; 敦煌 Dūnhuáng (in Gansu) [duì] ancient vessel
2046

艳(F 艷)
[yàn] beauteous, amorous, (=艳丽 yànlì) gorgeous, respendent; 鲜艳 xiānyàn bright (color)

[bō] 玻璃 bōli glass

[zá] strike, smash, break
[rǎng] shout, yell
[rāng] 嚷嚷 rāngrang shout
2050


[máng] (=盲目 mángmù) blind, unable to distinguish; 盲动 mángdòng act blindly

[biàn] distinguish, differentiate
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汉语语法 106/125 汉字

2053
[gé] kudzu vine, grass-cloth [Gě] <family name>

[hǎn] rarely, seldom
[han] 希罕 xīhan rare, cherish
2054


[jǔ] (carpenter's square); 矩阵 jǔzhèn matrix

[yǒng] 游泳 yóuyǒng swim

[zhái] residence, house
贷(F 貸)
[dài] borrow, (=贷款 dàikuǎn) lend, loan
2059

[bǎng] upper arm, (=肩膀 jiānbǎng) shoulder; 翅膀 chìbǎng wing; [pāng] swell
[páng] 膀胱 pángguāng urinary bladder

[niē] hold between the fingers, knead, fabricate
2061
颈(F 頸)
[jǐng] (=颈项 jǐngxiàng) neck [gěng] 脖颈儿 bógěngr nape
践(F 踐)
[jiàn] 实践 put into practice; 践踏 trample

[bó] (=脖子 bózi) neck
贾(F 賈)
[gǔ] merchant
[Jiǎ] <family name>
轿(F 轎)
[jiào] sedan chair; 轿车 jiàochē car

[pí] spleen; 脾气 píqi (bad-) temper
[bǎo] (=堡垒 bǎolěi), fort, fortress; 城堡 chéngbǎo castle
[bǔ] (=堡子 bǔzi) walled town/village (used mostly in place names) [pù] walled town/village (used mostly in place names)
2067

娇(F 嬌)
[jiāo] graceful, delicate; 娇嫩 jiāonèn tender and lovely

[Zhè] 浙江省 Zhèjiāngshěng Zhejiang Province

[liè] bad, inferior, minor
潇(F 瀟)
[xiāo] deep and clear water; 潇洒 xiāosǎ natural & unrestrained
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汉语语法 107/125 汉字

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赐(F 賜)
[cì] give, grant, gift (from superior to inferior)

[tuó] 陀螺 tuóluó top (spiraling toy); 陀螺仪 tuóluóyí gyroscope

[xù] store, save, grow; 积蓄 jīxù save; 储蓄 chǔxù deposit
坟(F 墳)
[fén] grave, tomb
颂(F 頌)
[sòng] praise, song, ode; 歌颂 gēsòng sing the praises of

[lòu] (=漏水 lòushuǐ) leak out

[Háng] 杭州 Hángzhōu

[máo] straw, thatch; (茅草 máocǎo) grass for thatching; 白茅 báimáo edible wild grass
砖(F 磚)
[zhuān] brick

[shùn] wink; 瞬间 shùnjiān a moment, in the twinkling of an eye
鹤(F 鶴)
[hè] crane (emblem of longevity)
[bì] monarch; 复辟 fùbì restore a dethored monarch or old order [pì] 开辟 kāipì open up, start
2083

渔(F 漁)
[yú] to fish; 渔民 yúmín fisherfolk; 渔业 yúyè fishery

[guāi] clever, (=乖乖 guāiguāi) obedient, well-behaved

[bà] overlord, tyrant, dominate; 霸占 bàzhàn sieze

[xiāng] (=襄助 xiāngzhù) assist, help

[chǎo] stir fry, saute; 炒饭 chǎofàn fried rice; 炒面 chǎomiàn "chow mein", fried noodles
[yǎ] mute, dumb, hoarse
[yā] <interjection indicating surprice, same as 呀>, ah, oh
2089
哑(F 啞)

[pǔ] riverside, river mouth (mostly used in place names), <family name>
饼(F 餅)
[bǐng] cake; 饼干 bǐnggān cracker, cookie
牺(F 犧)
[xī] sacrificial animal; 牺牲 xīshēng sacrifice
滩(F 灘)
[tān] (=海滩 hǎitān) beach, sands
汉语语法 108/125 汉字

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[dīng] a nail, to follow closely [dìng] to nail
钉(F 釘)
[yù] plead, (=呼吁 hūyù) appeal [xū] 吁吁 xūxū panting, puffing hard [yū] <interjection "Whoa!">
2095

锡(F 錫)
[xī] tin (Sn)
赠(F 贈)
[zèng] (=赠送 zèngsòng) give as a present
[hōng] hubbub [hǒng] fool, coax [hòng] horseplay
2098

铃(F 鈴)
[líng] bell
顽(F 頑)
[wán] stupid, stubborn, naughty; 顽强 wánqiáng indomitable; 顽固 wángù obstinate
[zhí] propagate, (=繁殖 fánzhí) breed, reproduce, colonize; 殖民地 zhímíndì colony [shi] 骨殖 gǔshi skeleton
2101

鹰(F 鷹)
[yīng] hawk, eagle

[Cài] <family name>, sacrificial tortoise

[cuī] urge, hurry, hasten

[fú] 芙蓉 fúróng cottonrose hibiscus, lotus

[bīn] 彬彬 bīnbīn <archaic> refined, urbane
[pīn] (= 拼) put/piece together, spell, risk life [pàn] abandon and ignore
2107

轨(F 軌)
[guǐ] track, rail, course, path; 轨道 guǐdào orbit
[yō] Oh!
[yo] <interjection indicating exhortation> [yāo] ouch
2109
哟(F 喲)

[qiàn] apology; 道歉 dàoqiàn apologize; 抱歉 bàoqiàn regret, be sorry

[dīng] stare at
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硕(F 碩)
[shuò] very large; 硕士学位 shuòshìxuéwèi Master's degree

[rě] offend, ask for (trouble); 惹麻烦 rě máfán excite or invite trouble
[qì] (=契约 qìyuē) contract, legal agreement
[qiè] 契阔 qièkuò long separation, to be separated from one another
2114


[yú] make a fool of, dupe, (=愚蠢 yúchǔn) foolish, stupid
帅(F 帥)
[shuài] commander in chief, graceful
[huáng] afraid, fearful, (=惶恐 huángkǒng) alarmed, anxious, uneasy, (= 忧惶 yōuhuáng, (= 惶惑 huánghuò) apprehensive; 惊惶 scared, alarmed
2117


[hàn] (=遗憾 yíhàn) regret, sorry
懒(F 懶)
[lǎn] lazy, sluggish; 伸懒腰 shēn lǎnyāo stretch oneself

[yí] aunt (mother's sister), sister-in-law (wife's sister)

[chuǎn] (=喘气 chuǎnqì) pant, gasp for breath; 气喘 qìchuǎn asthma
兽(F 獸)
[shòu] beast, wild animal, (=野兽 yěshòu) beastly, crude, uncivilized

[mò] path between fields, (=陌生 mòshēng) strange; 陌生人 mòshēngrén stranger

[zhào] cover, hood, overalls, cage
猎(F 獵)
[liè] (=打猎 dǎliè) hunt, chase; 猎人 lièren hunter; 猎狗 liègǒu hound

[sōng] lofty (mountain); 嵩山 Sōngshān mountain in Hénán
盐(F 鹽)
[yán] salt
饥(F 飢)
[jī] starve, be hungry, famine; 饥饿 jī'è hunger, starvation

[qī] cold, chilly, sad; 凄凉 qīliáng desolate; 凄惨 qīcǎn wretched

[hóu] (=喉咙 hóulóng) throat, larynx

[yàn] (=宴会 yànhuì) banquet

[qiāng] cavity, tune, pitch, accent, speech

[hàn] writing brush, writing
汉语语法 110/125 汉字


[xī] (=膝盖 xīgài) knee

[líng] hill, mound, tomb; 十三陵 Shísānlíng the 13 Ming tombs

[fēng] bee, wasp; 蜜蜂 mìfēng honeybee; 蜂房 fēngfáng beehive
逻(F 邏)
[luó] patrol; 逻辑 luóji <loan> logic

[pī] chop, split [pǐ] divide, split

[lián] honest, clean, low-priced

[guǒ] bind, wrap; 包裹 bāoguǒ bundle, package
骄(F 驕)
[jiāo] severe, (=骄傲 jiāo'ào) arrogant, proud
贩(F 販)
[fàn] 贩子 fànzi dealer; 贩卖 fànmài deal in, traffic, peddle
绘(F 繪)
[huì] paint, draw; 绘画 huìhuà drawing, painting

[yá] (=崖壁 yábì) precipice, cliff

[chén] time, day, occasion, celestial bodies, 2-hr period; 星辰 xīngchén star

[yá] 天涯 tiānyá edge of world; 生涯 shēngyá career, profession

[gē] ancient Chinese weapon similar to dagger axe or halberd

[kēng] hole, pit

[zhē] cover, hide, block

[qín] capture, catch, seize
蛮(F 蠻)
[mán] quite, very, fierce, (=野蛮 yěmán) barbaric; 蛮横 mánhèng unreasonable

[zhǐ] 白芷 báizhǐ <Chinese medicine> root of Dahurian Angelica

[dǔ] stop up, block, <classifier for walls>, <family name>; 一堵墙 yì dǔ qiáng a wall

[gù] (=雇佣 gùyōng) hire, employ; 雇主 gùzhǔ employer; 雇员 gùyuán employee

[wǎn] draw, pull, roll up; 挽救 wǎnjiù rescue; (F 輓) pull (cart/carriage); lament
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汉语语法 111/125 汉字

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[mián] (睡眠 shuìmián) sleep; 冬眠 dōngmián hibernate

[wěn] kiss, animal's mouth, muzzle, lips

[xiào] filial, filial piety, mourning
[bó] at anchor, moor, berth [pō] 湖泊 húpō lakes
2159

[sī] rip, tear; 撕毁 sīhuǐ tear apart
[xī] 提撕 tíxī arouse attention, help and guide
2160

[hóng] (=彩虹 cǎihóng) rainbow [jiàng] <colloquial> rainbow
2161

叙(F 敘)
[xù] chat, (=叙述 xùshù, =叙事 xùshì) narrate, relate

[cuì] (=纯粹 chúncuì) pure, unadulterated

[miǎn] make an effort; 勉强 miǎnqiǎng force; with difficulty

[jié] (=竭力 jiélì) do one's utmost, (=竭尽 jiéjìn) use up, exhaust

[wāi] crooked, askew, inclined, devious

[shèn] cautious, careful

[kē] <classifier for trees, cabbages, etc.>; 一棵树 yí kè shù a tree
[pǔ] (F 樸) (=朴素 pǔsù) simple [Piáo] <family name>
[pò] 朴树 pòshù Chinese hackberry [pō] 朴刀 pōdāo a type of long knife
2169


[xiè] machinery, (=机械 jīxiè) mechanical; 器械 qìxiè apparatus

[xī] (=溪流 xīliú) brook, small stream

[lì] 茉莉 mòli jasmine; 茉莉花茶 mòli huāchá jasmine tea

[bān] spot, speck, stripe; 斑马 bānmǎ zebra

[kē] knock against; 磕头 kētóu kowtow; 磕碰 kēpèng collide with

[guǎ] few, scant, tasteless; 寡妇 guǎfu widow; 沉默寡言 chénmòguǎyán habitually silent
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汉语语法 112/125 汉字

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[xún] follow, abide by; 循环 xúnhuán circulate, cycle
斩(F 斬)
[zhǎn] chop
[lüè] take by force, (=掠夺 lüèduó) pillage, plunder; (掠过 lüèguò) sweep past [lüě] sweep/brush past, snatch away
2178

吕(F 呂)
[Lǚ] <family name>

[xī] (=昔日 xīrì) former times, the past; 往昔 wǎngxī in the past

[jiāo] (=郊区 jiāoqū, =郊外 jiaowài) suburbs, outskirts

[jué] rank of nobility, peerage; 爵士 juéshì knight; 爵士音乐 juéshì yīnyuè jazz

[huī] emblem, badge, insignia; 安徽省 ?nhuī shěng Anhui Province

[cí] magnetism; 磁铁 cítiě magnet; 磁带 cídài (magnetic) tape

[fǔ] bow (one's head), bend down; 俯冲 fǔchōng dive; 俯瞰 fǔkàn look down at, overlook
谭(F 譚)
[tán] talk, <family name>; 天方夜谭 tiānfāngyètán the story of Arabian Nights

[dǐng] ancient cooking vessel, tripod
[fú] stroke, touch lightly, whisk, flick, go against (somebody's wishes); 拂晓 fúxiǎo before daybreak [bì] (=弼) assist
2188


[ǎn] I, we; 俺们 ǎnmen we (refers to speakers only)

[sǎo] (=大嫂 dàsǎo) elder brother's wife, sister-in-law

[pà] kerchies, (=手帕 shǒupà) handkerchief
[ńg] What?, Huh?
[ňg] How come?, Why? [?g] O.K., Agreed!
2192

冻(F 凍)
[dòng] freeze

[wǎn] gentle, (=婉转 wǎnzhuǎn) tactful, agreeable

[tóng] parasol tree; 桐油 tóngyóu tung oil
骆(F 駱)
[luò] (=骆驼 luòtuo) camel
汉语语法 113/125 汉字

2197
泼(F 潑)
[pō] splash, spoll, sprinkle; rude and unreasonable; 活泼 huópo lively
[jiàng] artisan
[jiang] 木匠 mùjiang carpenter; 铁匠 tiějiàng blacksmith
2198


[tǐng] light boat
谦(F 謙)
[qiān] 谦虚 qiānxū, 谦逊 qiānxùn modest

[jì] (=娼妓 chāngjì) prostitute, <traditional> female performer

[pú] 菩萨 púsà bodhisattva, benevolent being
[cè] (=厕所 cèsuǒ) toilet [si] (=茅厕 máosi) latrine
2203
厕(F 廁)

[fú] capture, (=俘虏 fúlǔ) prisoner, captive

[yì] resolute; 毅力 yìlì willpower; 坚毅 jiānyì determined
岭(F 嶺)
[lǐng] mountain, (=山岭 shānlǐng) mountain range, ridge; 峻岭 jùnlǐng high mountains

[yā] fork, bifurcation; 丫头 yātou girl, maid, servant, salve girl

[wèi] fear, respect; 畏惧 wèijù dread; 畏缩 wèisuō flinch

[Xiāng] short name for 湖南 Húnán; 湘江 Xiāng Jiāng a river in Hunan

[tǒng] bucket

[sǎng] (=嗓子 sǎngzi) throat, (=嗓音 sǎngyīn) voice, (=嗓门儿 sǎngménr) larynx, voice

[huáng] bright, brilliant; 敦煌石窟 Dūnhuáng Shíkū Gansu Caves
鲍(F 鮑)
[bào] <family name>, (=鲍鱼 bàoyú) abalone

[lì] grain, granule; 粒子 lìzǐ <terminology in physics> particle
[xiàng] lane, alley
[hàng] 巷道 hàngdào tunnel (in a mine)
2215


[lián] flag as shop sign; (F 簾) curtain
秃(F 禿)
[tū] bald, bare, blunt, incomplete
2199
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汉语语法 114/125 汉字

2218
[là] (F 臘) (=腊月 làyuè) 12th lunar month, cured (fish/meat/etc.); 腊肠 làcháng sausage; 希腊 Xīlà Greece [xī] dried meat

仓(F 倉)
[cāng] warehouse

[guǎi] (=拐弯 guǎiwān) turn, change direction, limp, swindle, abduct; 拐棍 guǎigùn walking stick
绑(F 綁)
[bǎng] bind, tie; 绑架 bǎngjià kidnap

[shá] (=啥子 sházi) what? (= 什么 shénme)
荐(F 薦)
[jiàn] recommend, <archaic> grass, straw

[ní] <family name>, (=端倪 duānní) clue

[sè] musical instrument with 25 strings

[láng] hall
鸭(F 鴨)
[yā] (=鸭子 yāzi) duck; 唐老鸭 Táng lǎoyā Donald Duck

[mì] (=蜂蜜 fēngmì) honey; 蜜蜂 mìfēng honeybee
诊(F 診)
[zhěn] 诊断 zhěnduàn diagnose; 诊所 zhěnsuǒ clinic

[péng] shed, shack, canopy; 窝棚 wōpeng shack

[xiān] lift (a cover, etc.), surge

[tǒng] tube; 电筒 diàntǒng flashlight

[xí] (=媳妇 xífù) daughter-in-law; 童养媳 tóngyǎngxí child bride
纹(F 紋)
[wén] lines, veins, (wood) grain

[miǎo] second (1/60 of a 分 minute)

[zhān] moisten, soak, touch
庞(F 龐)
[páng] (=庞大 pángdà) colossal, huge

[dūn] squat on the heels, stay
骚(F 騷)
[sāo] (=骚动 sāodòng, =骚乱 sāoluàn) disturb, harass
2219
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汉语语法 115/125 汉字

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[qí] (of roads:) fork, branch, divergent; 歧视 qíshì discriminate

[sōu] <classifier for boats, vessels, etc.>; 两艘油船 liǎng sōu yóuchuán two oil tankers

[zhī] <traditional> iris; 哗芝麻 zhīma sesame
2243
哗(F 嘩)
[huá] clamor, hubbub, (=喧哗 xuānhuá) noise, clamor [huā] <the sound of clanging, gurgling, etc.>
亩(F 畝)
[mǔ] sixth of an acre (0.0667 hectares)
[quàn] ticket, certificate; 入场券 rùchǎngquàn admission ticket [xuàn] 拱券 gǒngxuàn span of an arch
2245

[tàng] <classifier for trips, times, rows, etc.> [tāng] (=蹚 tāng) ford, wade
2246


[jīn] piece of cloth; 毛巾 máojīn towel; 餐巾 cānjīn napkin; 围巾 wéijīn scarf

[yín] excessive, over, wanton, lewd, licentious
谎(F 謊)
[huǎng] lie, prevaricate

[mò] quiet; 寂寞 jìmò lonely

[guàn] pour; 灌溉 guàngài irrigate; 灌木 guànmù bush
篮(F 籃)
[lán] basket; 篮球 lánqiú basketball

[wàng] absurd, rash; 妄想狂 wàngxiǎngkuáng paranoia
[gē] put [gé] endure
搁(F 擱)

[zhí] brother's son, nephew; 侄女 zhúnǚ brother's daughter, neice
厢(F 廂)
[xiāng] wing of a house, side, railway carriage
[chā] (=叉子 chāzi) fork, intersection, (=交叉 jiāochā) intersect
[chá] obstruct, jam up
[chǎ] the distance between thumb and middle minger on an outstretched hand [chà] fork, diverge; 叉路 chàlù crossroad
2257

<family name>, small boat [shù] (=腧)
2258

汉语语法 116/125 汉字

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[fá] fell, cut down, attack

[zǎi] slaughter, butcher, govern; 宰割 zǎigē invade and oppress

[zhòu] 宇宙 yǔzhòu cosmos
肿(F 腫)
[zhǒng] swollen; 肿瘤 zhǒngliú tumor; 红肿 red and swollen

[qī] lacquer, paint; 油漆 yóuqī paint; 漆黑 qīhēi pitch-black

[bù] fear, frightening; 恐怖 kǒngbù terror

[wú] (=予 yǔ) <archaic> I, me

[hǒu] roar, howl
侨(F 僑)
[qiáo] 华侨 Huáqiáo overseas Chinese; 侨胞 compatriots abroad
叠(F 疊)
[dié] pile up, repeat; (折叠 zhédié) fold

[guàn] (罐头 guàntou) can; jar

[qún] (裙子 qúnzi) skirt

[qì] (=哭泣 kūqì) cry, weep, (=抽泣 chōuqì) sob
胀(F 脹)
[zhàng] (=膨胀 péngzhàng) swell, expand
赋(F 賦)
[fù] (赋于) bestow on; compose; 赋税 taxes

[chèn] take advantage of; while; 趁机会 chèn jīhuì take advantage of an opportunity

[yú] 愉快 yúkuài delighted

[jī] 肌肉 jīròu muscle
婴(F 嬰)
[yīng] (=婴儿 yīng'ér) baby, infant

[yǔ] (=羽毛 yǔmáo) feather; 羽毛球 yúmáoqiú badminton

[jū] (=拘留 jūliú) arrest, detain; 拘束 jūshù restrict; 拘谨 jūjiň overcautious
[wa] <sentence final particle like 啊 a> [wā] wah! (sound of crying)
2290

汉语语法 117/125 汉字

2291
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2300
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2302
2303 2308
2311 2314
2316
2320
2322
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2330
2332

[qíng] (晴朗 qínglǎng) fine, sunny; 晴天霹雳 qíngtiānpīlì a bolt from the blue

[wàng] prosperous, flourishing; 旺盛 vigorous, exuberant

[jiāng] ginger
颁(F 頒)
[bān] proclaim, (=颁发 bānfā) promulgate, issue

[xīn] firewood, fuel, (=薪水 xīnshui) salary

尿
[zhài] stockade, camp
[niào]
[suī] urine, urinate
[bǔ] fortune telling
[bo] 胡萝卜 húluóbo carrot
2306


[jìn] soak
[guā] scrape; 刮胡子 guā húzi shave; (F 颳) (wind) blow [kā] 刮吃 kāchi 〈colloquial〉 scrape, sponge on
2309

嘱(F 囑)
[zhǔ] (=嘱咐 zhǔfu) advise, enjoin, urge, exhort
[náng] bag; 鼓鼓囊囊 gǔgunāngnāng bulging [nāng] 囊膪 nāngchuài pork near the pig's nipples
2312

驳(F 駁)
[bó] contradict; 驳斥 bóchì denounce; 反驳 fǎnbó refute
[chàng] 倡议 chàngyì propose [chāng] 倡优 chāngyōu entertainer
2315


[yù] (=沐浴 mùyù) take a bath; 浴室 yùshì bath/shower room

[péng] bitter fleabane, (=蓬松 péngsōng) fluffy, <classifier for clumps of bamboo, grass, etc.>; 蓬勃 péngbó vigorous

[qú] canal, ditch, channel; 渠道 irrigation ditch

[dōu] pocket, bag

[xī] 清晰 qīngxī clear, distinct

[gāo] pudding, (=蛋糕 dàngāo) cake
汉语语法 118/125 汉字

2334
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2348
2353
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2359
2360
2362
2364
2373
2377
2381
2382

[zhì] 秩序 zhìxù order, sequence

[cháo] 嘲笑 cháoxiào ridicule, laugh at; 嘲讽 cháofěng sneer at, taunt, mock; 嘲弄 cháonòng mock, deride

[bàng] be close to; 傍晚 bàngwǎn toward evening, at nightfall

[yù] abundant, affluent; 富裕 fùyù rich, wealthy, opulent

[zhǔ] boil, cook
竖(F 豎)
[shù] vertical, perpendicular; vertical stroke "丨"
惩(F 懲)
[chéng] chastise, punish, correct, repress; restrain oneself

[zhū] tree-trunk; 守株待兔 shǒuzhūdàitù guarding a tree-trunk to wait for a rabbit
[kā] (used in transliterations) 咖啡 kāfēi coffee [gā] 咖喱 gālí curry
2352

纲(F 綱)
[gāng] fishing net rope; guiding principle; 纲领 program

[tāi] foetus, birth, (=轮胎 lúntāi) tire (of a wheel)
滨(F 濱)
[bīn] 海滨 seashore; 滨临 bīnlín to be close to (a body of water)

[gēng] to plough, till
娱(F 娛)
[yú] 娱乐 yúlè amuse, amusement, recreation

[fěi] (=土匪 tǔfěi) bandit, brigand, robber; 匪徒 fěitú gangster

[wèi] stomach; 胃口 wèikǒu appetite
狮(F 獅)
[shī] (=狮子 shīzi) lion

[táng] dike, (=池塘 chítáng, =水塘 shuǐtáng) pool
[xiān] 纤维 fiber
[qiàn] rope for towing boat
2374
纤(F 纖)

[gǒng] arch, cup one hand in other before chest, push with no hands
狭(F 狹)
[xiá] (=狭窄 xiázhǎi, =狭隘 xiá'ài) narrow
铭(F 銘)
[míng] engrave, carve; 铭刻 míngkè inscription, engrave on one's mind 头
汉语语法 119/125 汉字

2386

[Pān] <family name>
[shuǎi] swing back and forth, toss, get rid of, leave behind {Compare with 用 yòng use}
2387

[bǎng] posted list of names, announcement, notice; 榜样 example, model [bàng] (=搒) oar, whip, rod
2388


[qīng] minister or high official in ancient times

[lǚ] shoes

[hóu] (=猴子 hóuzi) monkey
衬(F 襯)
[chèn] line, to place underneath, lining; 衬衫 chènshān shirt

[xián] string of musical instrument
2403

[xù] (=畜牧 xùmù) raise (domestiv animals) [chù] 畜生 chùsheng beast

[yì] overflow; 洋溢 yángyì be permeated with

[xún] a period of ten days; 上旬 shàngxún first ten days of a month
灿(F 燦)
[càn] 灿烂 cànlàn splendid, magnificent
舆(F 輿)
[yú] chariot; area; 舆论 yúlùn public opinion

[juàn] (=疲倦 píjuàn) tired, weary

[chóu] reward, payment; 酬谢 chóuxiè thank with a gift; 报酬 bàochou reward
韵(F 韻)
[yùn] tone, charm, appeal, (=押韵 yāyùn) rhyme; 韵文 yùnwén verse

[dī] dyke; (堤岸 dī'àn) embankment
窃(F 竊)
[qiè] 窃听 qiètīng eavesdrop; 盗窃 dàoqiè steal

[nèn] tender, delicate, light, inexperienced
[suì] satisy, fulfil, succeed; 遂心 suìxīn fulfill one's desire [suí] 半身不遂 bànshēnbùsuí parlysis in half the body
2425

2392
2395
2396
2398
2402
2405
2408
2411
2412
2414
2415
2416
2418
2420
2423
汉语语法 120/125 汉字

[chéng] 澄清 transparent, clear
[dèng] settle
[dēng] 黄澄澄 huángdēngdēng glistening yellow, golden
2428

侦(F 偵)
[zhēn] 侦察 scout, reconnoitre; 侦探 detective

[mò] (=沫儿 mòr) foam, froth; 泡沫 pàomò foam, froth; 唾沫 tuòmo saliva

[cǎi] step
酱(F 醬)
[jiàng] sauce, paste, jam; 酱油 jiàngyóu soy sauce; 花生酱 huāshēngjiàng peanut butter
壶(F 壺)
[hú] kettle, pot, bottle

[fēi] 咖啡 kāfēi coffee
[lù] 骨碌 roll; 忙碌 busy; 碌碌 mediocre [liù] 碌碡
[lū]
2441

[ké] shell, case
[qiào] shell, hard surface
壳(F 殼)

[méi] mold, mildew; 倒霉 dǎoméi have bad luck

[yǐ] <grammatical particle similar to "了">
辅(F 輔)
[fǔ] assist, complement; 辅导 fǔdǎo coach, tutor; 辅助 fǔzhù assist, auxiliary; 辅音 fǔyīn consonant
账(F 賬)
[zhàng] account, credit, debt

[liáo] (=官僚 guānliáo) official, (=同僚 tóngliáo) colleague
[què] sparrow
[qiāo] 雀子 qiāozi freckle
[qiǎo] 雀盲眼 qiǎomangyǎn night blindness
2465


[shuǎ] play (role/tricks/etc.), play with, gamle, make fun of, <family name>

[dòu] stop, pause, tease, play with

[méng] 朦胧 ménglóng dim moonlight, obscure

[gān] liver
2429
2434
2436
2437
2438
2439
2445
2449
2455
2460
2462
2464
2468
2473
2477
2480
汉语语法 121/125 汉字

2481
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2488
2489
2491
2499
2503
2510 2511
2516
2523
2524
2526
2536
2539
2545
2547
2557

[zhēng] evaporate, (=蒸汽 zhēngqì) steam
滥(F 濫)
[làn] (=泛滥 fànlàn) overflow, flood; 滥用 lànyòng abuse

[kǎo] bake, roast, toast

[gāng] jar, vat

[tán] deep pool, pond

[mào] profuse, (=茂盛 màoshèng) luxuriant; 茂密 màomì dense
[máng] awn, beard, arista, spike, sharp point [wáng] 麦芒 màiwáng awn of wheat
2500


[dào] growing rice, paddy
[jī] 垃圾 lājī refuse, garbage [sè] 垃圾 lèsè refuse, garbage
2505


[kuàng] frame; case; circle
缴(F 繳)
[jiǎo] hand in, pay
[zhuó] silk string attached to an arrow for shooting birds

[jú] chrysanthemum

[diàn] shallow water; (F 澱) form sediment; settle; precipitate; 淀粉 diànfěn starch
蜡(F 蠟)
[là] wax, polish, yellowish, (=蜡烛 làzhú) candle
剂(F 劑)
[jì] dose
苹(F 蘋)
[píng] 苹果 píngguǒ apple
晒(F 曬)
[shài] roast in sun

[hán] letter; 函件 hánjiàn correspondence; 函数 fánshù (math) function
胶(F 膠)
[jiāo] glue, gum, rubber, stick, sticky
2551

[pīng] pīng on. crack (of rifle/etc.); 乒乓 pīngpāng pingpong {Compare with 兵 bīng soldier}

[pú] 葡萄 pútao grape; 葡萄酒 pútaojiǔ grape wine
汉语语法 122/125 汉字

2558
2561
2564
2572
2573
2576
2578
2588
2591
2592
2593
2594
2601
2621
2627
2638
2649 2657

[wéi] only, alone, think, ponder, 惟一 wéiyī only, sole
廿
[niàn] twenty (same as 二十 èrshí)

[yǐ] 2nd in sequence
冈(F 岡)
[gāng] ridge of a hill

[fèi] (=肺脏 fèizàng) lung

[shuāng] (=霜冻 shuāngdòng) frost
纱(F 紗)
[shā] yarn; 绵纱 miánshā cotton yarn
[diàn] (ancient) suburb; pasture [diān] 沉甸甸 chéndiāndiān heavy
2584


[jià] to plant, (=庄稼 zhuāngjia) crops

[zhī] (=油脂 yóuzhī) oil, grease; 脂肪 zhīfáng fat, grease

[táo] 葡萄 pútao grape
捞(F 撈)
[lāo] dredge for, fish for, scoop up out of water
搅(F 攪)
[jiǎo] disturb, annoy, (=搅拌) stir, mix, agitate,

[zhì] young, immature, childish; 稚气 zhìqì childishness
[jiāng] syrup, starch
[jiàng] (=糨 jiàng) thick (of porridge etc.)
2614
浆(F 漿)

[táo] wash, clean; 淘气 táoqì naughty; 淘汰 táotài eliminate
酿(F 釀)
[niàng] brew, ferment, wine, (=酿成 niàngchéng) result in, breed

[ái] (=癌症 áizhèng) cancer
2648

[shà] evil spirit; 煞白 shàbái deathly pale [shā] stop, (= 刹 shā, =杀 shā) kill

[mó] membrane, film; 角膜 jiǎomó cornea (of eye)

[cuī] break, (=摧毁 cuīhuǐ, =摧残 cuīcán) destroy
汉语语法 123/125 汉字

2664
2667
2673
2684
2688
2740
2760
2763
2765
2769
2786
2787
2794
2802
2813
2827
2842
2846

[cuò] setback, (=挫折 cuòzhé) frustrate, defeat
纺(F 紡)
[fǎng] spin yarn; 纺织 fǎngzhī spin and weave; 纺车 fǎngchē spinning wheel
兑(F 兌)
[duì] exchange, convert, add (water etc.); 兑换 duìhuàn convert, exchange

[dí] bamboo flute, whistle
谐(F 諧)
[xié] in harmony
2724

[pāng] bang; 乒乓 pīngpāng pingpong {Compare with 兵 bīng soldier}

[bā] (=吧) <used for sound value>

[péng] expand, inflate; 膨胀 péngzhàng expand, swell

[rǎng] (=土壤 tǔrǎng) soil

[yě] smelt (metal)
萝(F 蘿)
[luó] vine; 萝卜 luóbo radish; 胡萝卜 húluóbo carrot; 菠萝 bōluó pineapple
葱(F 蔥)
[cōng] green, (=葱头) onion, scallion
巩(F 鞏)
[gǒng] 巩固 gǒnggù consolidate
[zhōu] porridge, gruel, congee [yù] (=鬻) sell, vend
2790

帜(F 幟)
[zhì] 旗帜 qízhì banner, flag, stand, position
[jūn] fungus, bacterium; 细菌, 病菌 germ [jùn] mushroom
2796

绒(F 絨)
[róng] down; velvet; floss

[xiāo] night; 通宵 tōngxiāo throughout the night; 元宵节 Yuánxiāojié Lantern Festival

[hēng] successful, go smoothly, <electrical terminology> henry

[zào] dry; 干燥 gānzào dry, dull; 枯燥 kūzào boring
匀(F 勻)
[yún] to divide evenly; to spare; even
汉语语法 124/125 汉字

2854
2888
2895
2914
2978
2982
3000


[pōu] cut/slit open, (=解剖 jiěpōu) dissect; 剖面 pōumiàn cross section, sectional view; 剖析 pōuxī analyse, dissect

[luǎn] (卵子) egg, ovum; 卵巢 luǎncháo ovary

[kuí] (used in transliterations) 奎宁 kuíníng quinine
[xiā] shrimp; 龙虾 lóngxiā lobster; 虾炒饭 chǎofànxiā shrimp fried rice [há] (=蛤); 虾蟆 háma frog, toad
2908
虾(F 蝦)
绅(F 紳)
[shēn] 绅士 shēnshì gentleman, gentry
俭(F 儉)
[jiǎn] economical, (=俭朴 jiǎnpǔ) frugal; 勤俭 qínjiǎn industrious and thrifty

[xiàng] (=橡树 xiàngshù) oak, rubber tree; 橡胶 xiàngjiāo rubber; 橡皮 xiàngpí eraser, rubber

[chēn] <archaic> treasure
Caractère
Prononciation et explications
Les 3000 caractères chinois les plus fréquents (S: Simplified (Simplifié), F: Full (Traditionnel), A: Alternative (Variante))
All characters are presented in falling statistical order with the most commonly used characters first (ie from 1 to 3000)
http://www.zein.se/patrick/3000char.html
The most common Chinese characters in order of frequency
汉语语法 125/125 汉字
 
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